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The particular area of coastline I studied in detail is on the South-East coastline of England and includes various sites along it. These include Camber sands, Dungeness and St Mary's bay. Authorities worked on a reactive basis

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Introduction

Referring to a named stretch of coastline, examine the success of management policies in dealing with coastal erosion and flooding Roughly a quarter of the English coastline has been developed for housing, industry or leisure purposes. At these sites coastal management has been introduced to protect the coast from flooding and coastal erosion. The particular area of coastline I studied in detail is on the South-East coastline of England and includes various sites along it. These include Camber sands, Dungeness and St Mary's bay. Authorities worked on a reactive basis, often ignoring natural processes. They attempted to control the effects of erosion and flooding, with little attention being paid to the implications of individual schemes or other sections of the coastline. This often led to the need for more protection works down-drift of original schemes, increasing the costs of coastal defence. However attitudes to coastal management have changed due to rising sea levels. Coastal managers now work with the knowledge of sediment movement with defined cells. In Romney marsh the area is flat and is a very marshy area which is about 2-3m above sea level. The land is being used for pastoral and arable farming. There is also a small number of houses there (small villages) ...read more.

Middle

The land is being used for residential areas and there are a few shops and pubs around this area there is also another caravan park at this location as well. The coastline here is being managed by the building up of the beach naturally to act as a defence. There is also a wave return wall here which is basically the same as a sea wall however it has a curve at the top and it does what it says and returns the waves. There could be other defences put in place but they are not needed at this time. In St Mary's bay there are quite a few houses and these are very low lying with flood gates being on the sea wall. This is mainly a residential area and an important road runs through this area. There is also a wave return wall in this area and again the beach has been left to build up naturally. Wooden groynes have also been put in place to stop the waves energy and prevent it from even reaching the wave return wall. Even further down the coastline you come to Hythe and this is a very large settlement with lots of residential areas the population here is roughly 16,000 people. ...read more.

Conclusion

and is deprived of sandy matter and material. Copt point is also along this stretch and is a mainly clay cliff a lot of slumping occurs in this area and it is very unstable. There is also a wave cut platform in this area as well. This area is not used much because of the increased unstability there is a country park here and a small hotel/restaurant. There is not much being done to protect the area with just rock armour at the base of the cliff. The last place along the coastline is Flokestone warren which is mainly chalk cliffs with clay at the base of the cliffs. A lot of landslides occur here as there is clay at the bases. This land is more widely used and there is a railway, small villages, a campsite, and a country park. The sea wall that has been put in place teams with the rock groynes and it does protect the surrounding land for now but again this will not last forever. To conclude there is a lot of sea defence along the coastline with some areas having less than others. Where there are sea defences in place they are good solid defences and will last for a short period of time. However if the coast is to be managed for a long time then more has to be done to develop long term defences and protect the surrounding areas from the sea breaching the defences. ...read more.

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