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Using examples youhave studied describe the problemsthat are found in LEDC cities.

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Introduction

Using examples you have studied describe the problems that are found in LEDC cities Less economically developed countries, known as LEDC's, encounter many problems such as infrastructure, pollution, education, employment and also housing. The extent of the seriousness of these problems varies in each country, but as the countries are not yet more economically developed, the problems are in fact quite major for the LEDC cities. One of the main problems in LEDC cities is housing. The population growth of the cities is much faster than the growth of wealth and so there is not sufficient affordable housing for the new migrants or the growing families and as a result people are being forced to live in makeshift spontaneous settlements and shanty towns. The amounts of people that live in shanty towns is outrageous and for example in Nairobi fifty five percent of the population lives in makeshift homes on just 6 per cent of the city's residential land area. The shanty towns are built on any spare land such as swamps or even rubbish tips, this promotes major heath issues to the people who live there which is probably why infant mortality rates are so high in these shanty town areas. ...read more.

Middle

The water is full of diseases such as dysentery, typhoid and diarrhoea. These diseases spread rapidly because of the overcrowding and are also fatal to many people, especially children, causing the high infant mortality rates and for example in Ceara, where infant mortality rate are nearly 3 times higher than those in Sao Paulo, Brazil's largest city. Sewerage also pollutes the water as human excreta litters the settlements and is a major health hazard, especially in the rainy season when the settlements flood. In a shanty town in Nairobi, the only sanitation consists of pit latrines which may be shared between fifty to five hundred people, and as there is no refuse collection the refuse is thrown into any available space. Traffic congestion and Pollution and major problems all over the world, but traffic congestion can be much more acute in LEDC cities than In MEDC cities. In LEDC cities it isn't just the cars, lorries and buses that compete for road space and want to travel places, but its also scooters, donkeys, cows, rickshaws and pedestrians. ...read more.

Conclusion

The land ownership in Ceara is also very unequal and the productivity can be very low, so only two in three men regular employment. Lastly, the problem of education. This is a serious problem, especially among young women, as it indirectly contributes to high infant mortality. Mothers may lack knowledge of simple childcare because of the lack of education they received when younger. Because children do not go to school or only manage primary school, they remain illiterate and lack the skills to gain jobs. In some settlements a small school is set up enabling the teaching of children to happen, but these schools only teach basics and are not in all settlements. In Nairobi, 20 clinics were set up by non-government and community organisations which are free and the average class size is around 55 pupils. But still with this help towards better education one third of children still do not receive education. Overall we can see that LEDC cities are not well equipped and the facilities that they do have are of poor quality and are only in small amounts. The cities will carry on growing and without solutions to the problems currently around, more problems will grow. Sophie Rowley L5K ...read more.

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