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What impact has study into perception had on the nature nurture debate?

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Introduction

What impact has study into perception had on the nature nurture debate? What purpose is served by ascertaining which developments are due to nature and which are due to nature? This pursuit may initially appear to be pedantic, one could argue philosophically that the presence of perception is enough why does its point of origin matter. The truth is reality is governed by perception, if you cannot perceive it then in your reality it does not exist. In order to better understand ourselves, we must discover what we are and what we are made to be. Sensory perception is our conduit to the world around us; to understand how it is influenced doesn't only explain perception but also the nature of nurture itself. This essay shall attempt to address the impact that psychological experiments have had on complimenting the claims of nature or nurture within visual perception and its development. The terms of nature and nurture shall then be given the following criteria. Nature, what will occur or develop in an uninfluenced state. Nurture, what will occur or develop under the presence of influence. The region of sensory perception is tangible; it differs from some other nature nurture debates within psychology that may relate to immeasurable variables such as feelings. In this area physiology can lay a template explaining biological factors involved in these processes. ...read more.

Middle

Using knowledge gained from touch to understand his environment. Subsequently S.B became increasingly depressed and gave up active living dying three years later. Why is this case study important? It signifies a need for perceptual shaping to adapt to an environment. Also it reflects how perception can be artificially constructed; this study strongly supports the claims of nurture being prevalent in perceptual development. In terms of measuring natural perception the case study of S.B. would not have been viable. What aspects must be considered when attempting to observe natural perception through experiment? the first and foremost factor is that of the subject and the level of nurture that said subject has experienced, to assure fair test results these subjects must have minimal nurtured influence. The fact that nurtured response would misrepresent natural perception signifies a problem. Best fit is the compromise, as all life will experience nurtured influence; even in the womb there may be factors that cause perceptual shaping. This best fit subject would then be the subject that had the least possible experience of environment; the newborn infants of a species are therefore the best candidates for experimentation. the reason for infants as the prime source for study is not solely due to their limited nurtured factors in visual perception, of equal relevance is their lack of influence in all other fields of perception; reducing preconception through other nurtured sensory perception. ...read more.

Conclusion

The task that perceptual experiments seek to accomplish is proving which of these contributing factors account for development. Top-down and bottom-up theories have evolved from studying perception. Both approaches to explaining the why offer plausible reasoning. Top-down theory suggests nurture is the basis of perception an understanding of environment through experiencing that environment. Bottom-up theory suggests that the external stimuli itself is all that is necessary to understand the environment. What impact has study into perception had on the nature nurture debate? Research moves knowledge on; perceptual experiments have helped to identify cultural differences due to variations in nurture. Restricted nurture within key stages of perceptual shaping, has proven an inability to form an understanding of that which was restricted. Study into perception has most prominently revealed the natural inclination for adaptation, and the intrinsic ability to build coping mechanisms to function within our environment. Nativists may take the stand that people perceive, they have the tools for the job at birth. Empiricists could then argue that which we perceive is environment. It would be ludicrous to discount what is perceived in the shaping of how it is perceived. The presence of optic nerves, memory and intensive computational ranges of the brain, affords the suggestion that nurture is a key exponent and the probable path of natural development. After all we are all products of our own nature but we all reside in nurture. ?? ?? ?? ?? Austin Hamshere Page 1 of 7 ...read more.

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