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Evaluate the long term effects of physical and emotion abuse on the individual experiencing it.

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´╗┐Michelle Wilson D1 Safeguarding Adults All abuse can cause long or short term effect on the individual experiencing it. For my D1 task I have been asked to evaluate the long term effects of physical and emotion abuse on the individual experiencing it. If an individual is experiencing physical abuse such as being slapped or kicked it cause the person experiencing it to develop stress. Stress is your body's way of responding to any kind of demand. It can be caused by both good and bad experiences. When people feel stressed by something going on around them, their bodies react by releasing chemicals into the blood. These chemicals give people more energy and strength, which can be a good thing if their stress is caused by physical danger. But this can also be a bad thing, if their stress is in response to something emotional and there is no outlet for this extra energy and strength. Stress causes effects on the body such as aches and pains, diarrhoea or constipation, Nausea, dizziness, Chest pain, rapid heartbeat and frequent colds due to a weakened immune system. Stress is also linked to cause high blood pressure which in turn can also lead to long term health problem such as stroke, heart attacks and also kidney disease as it affects the small blood vessels in your kidney which may stop them working properly. ...read more.


Memory problems are also a result from lack of sleep, not only with memory recall, but with storage. During sleep, memories are transferred to long-term storage. Sleep deprivation, which can also be caused by nightmares, can cause a lot of other medical conditions, including heart disease, depression, and obesity if it is continued over a long period of time. Emotional or psychological abuse is any action which has an adverse effect on an individual's mental well-being, causes suffering and effects their quality of life and ability to function to their full potential. It often leads the individuals experiencing it to develop depression due to the constant put down of being told for example ?there not good enough? in time the individual experiencing this will start to believe this and begin to question their abilities. Depression affects people in different ways and can cause a wide variety of symptoms. They range from lasting feelings of sadness and hopelessness to losing interest in the things you used to enjoy and feeling very tearful. Many people with depression also have symptoms of anxiety. There can be physical symptoms too such as feeling constantly tired, sleeping badly, having no appetite and complaining of various aches and pains. ...read more.


Another serious consequence is scarring. Cutting yourself until you bleed leaves a scar behind. The more cuts you make, the more scars will cover your arms and legs. Even superficial cuts will leave scars. Cuts made repeatedly in the same place will leave bigger and do not fade away entirely. Some people self harm themselves by overdosing. Some overdoses are worse than others. Many chemicals burn the oesophagus and stomach. And since chemicals are processed through the liver, an overdose damages the liver, as well as other body parts. All forms of abuse have long term and adverse effects on the health and wellbeing of the person experiencing it. This can range from mal nutrition to serious heart conditions that may lead the individual to death. Abuse is not a pleasant thing to experience and no person deserves to be treated in these ways. People who are in these situations should speak up and seek help as in today?s world there are a lot of organisations and services available to everyone dealing with these situations. How Does Lack of Sleep Affect the Body? | eHow.com ACCESSED 10/12/12 http://www.nhs.uk/ ACCESSED 10/12/12 http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Cirrhosis/Pages/Introduction.aspx ACCESSED 12/12/12 Jessica Walburn, Kavita Vedhara, Matthew Hankins, Lorna Rixon, John Weinman (2009) 'Psychological stress and wound healing in humans: A systematic review and meta-analysis' Journal of Psychosomatic Research,67 (3), pp. 253-271. Dunn,J.,2012.Alcohol on the body.(Daily Mail)(12 Dec)p.12 ...read more.

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