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Explain the concepts of Vaccination and Inoculation,why was there so much opposition? In the eighteenth century, the disease smallpox was the cause of a number of deaths.

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Introduction

Explain the concepts of Vaccination and Inoculation, why was there so much opposition? In the eighteenth century, the disease smallpox was the cause of a number of deaths. It was becoming a major worry that smallpox would become a global epidemic, and perhaps wipe out a great deal of the population. The inventions of inoculation and vaccinations prevented this, as well as a number of other diseases. The smallpox inoculation was introduced into Britain in 1721, it was already being used for a similar situation in China. An inoculation meant injecting a small dose of the disease into the patients body, so the body could fight off the disease. ...read more.

Middle

He called this injection 'vaccination' (from the latin word 'vaccina' meaning cowpox, and 'vacca' meaning cow). Doctors were wary about the idea, partly due to the fact it meant not earning the money made from the usual vaccination. The idea of injecting cowpox into humans was also looked down on, as it was thought of as repulsive and wrong. A majority of the public were immediately against Jenner's ideas, as they were new and didn't seem as safe as the old vaccination idea. The doctors weren't prepared to adapt to the idea, which meant the public followed suit. People were also scared of the effects, they didn't want to trust anything that came from a diseased cow. ...read more.

Conclusion

As there was no correct result set, this happened quite regularly. Which was another reason to worry the public about being inoculated. I think there was so much opposition towards the vaccination, because there was not enough communication or education for the poorer public, who were the ones in need of the most medical care. Doctors refused to believe him until he had published his book, and there was official proof that his theory was correct. Otherwise the public would have been kept in the dark about the one thing that could save them all from smallpox. I think the idea of vaccination could have been found out a later date, and Jenner was just the one who discovered it at the right time. Otherwise the smallpox epidemic could have spread a lot wider and become a lot more dangerous to the world. ...read more.

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