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Factors affecting nutritional health in 4 groups in society

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Merit Explain factors affecting the nutritional health and well being of different groups of individuals. Choose at least four of the population groups and explain different factors affecting their intake and food choices and the effect this has on their well-being. Developed world The developed world are countries with a high standard of living, with high technology and economies, these include countries like the United Kingdom and the United States of America. Factors that influence what food people chose in the developed world include age, gender, lifestyle, family and cultural background, education and where they live. People's food preferences tend to change when they are exposed to new people, places and situations - otherwise they stick to the food and patterns that they know. Depending where a person lived, there could be a large choice of food or very little. A large choice of food could be if someone lived in a town, close by a supermarket, a small choice of food could be someone that lived in a farm or out in the country. Food is imported in developed countries, from all round the world - so there is lots of exotic food that only grows in hot climates. Therefore people in developed countries have lots of choice of food, because people do not have to grow the food to feed themselves, they go to the supermarket and choose it, during all seasons. With this large choice in food, people are more likely to have access to all the nutrients they need. There is a very large choice in food available for people, at most hours during the day, for example: take away. This means that people have access to all kinds of food at all hours during the day and night, meaning that individuals have the choice what to eat and when, so it is important that are eating the correct nutrients. ...read more.

Middle

Vitamin D children use to help them absorb calcium. Children under five years are recommended to drink whole milk, rather than semi-skimmed, because whole milk provides the child with enough energy and vitamin D. Children under five whose parents receive income support get milk tokens for their children, this is under the 'Welfare food scheme' When children are very young it is important for them to go to pre-school, because they get fed healthily whilst they are there. If they have any allergies the pre-school are aware of them, and they are also aware of what to look out for any developing allergies. It is very hygienic in a pre-school environment, especially to do with food - because children that young cannot as easily fight off infections and would react badly to food poisoning at such a young age. Children also get a chance to develop good social skills at pre-school, socialising is important to peoples eating habits, as people never cook a complicated expensive meal just for themselves. Young children would be influenced by the colour, taste and shape of food. In supermarkets there are products shaped designed to attract children. They have dinosaur turkey burgers, smiley face potatoes, teddy bear shaped processed meat, 'Spiderman' spaghetti shapes etc. These are all trying to attract children, and try to get the children to eat a balanced diet. Children are more likely to be attracted to colourful food also, sweets are very colourful, for example 'smarties' and 'haribo'. Children love sweets, and this is one of the factors contributing to why they like them so much. If food at the dinner table was all bright colours children would be more likely to eat it. Children are also more likely to eat food if they like the taste of it. Sweets again are very tasty and full of sugar. They are attracted because it tastes good, but also because of the sugar - sugar gives the body quick bursts of energy, but then slows down and needs more, so the person would eat more sugar for their body's energy. ...read more.

Conclusion

This emphasises in their mind, the idea that you must be thin to be beautiful. This thought pattern tends to affect females more than males, but can affect males too. If an elderly person was to see a thin model, they would probably be affected in a different way - they would not want to be thin, they may wonder what society is coming to that people do not eat healthily. Some adolescents develop 'anorexia nervosa' or 'bulimia nervosa' which are eating disorders, where they have extreme weight loss. Elderly people do not have anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa, which shows that the media must affect adolescents more than the elderly. Cost affects the elderly more than children and young people, I think this is because the elderly have to pay for everything themselves, whereas children and young people are dependants and do not have to buy everything themselves. Although it depends on the income of the family of the child or young person is from, if the income is high or comfortable then they would need not to worry about money ever. If this was the case, then they could have whatever food they want, maybe go out for meals and not think anything of the cost. But if the child or young person came from a family with low income, they may be more aware of the cost of things and the family may not be able to afford nutritious food. For example, when I was young I was living with just my mother and she was on income support, we did not ever eat fresh food we mostly ate frozen food. For elderly people, cost may be a bigger issue. They get a pension, which may not be very much money, if it is not very much money then elderly people are not likely to eat healthily because they can not afford to. Neither age concerned with healthy lifestyle. Youth - drugs/alcohol/experiences. Elderly - they can eat properly to prevent disease, but they do not have to look after their body for the next 50 years anymore. ...read more.

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