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P2: Describe recent demographic changes in home country

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P2: Describe recent demographic changes in home country M2: Explain recent demographic changes in home country Birth and death rates The birth and death rates in the UK has fallen to an all-time low. It states that one in five pregnancies ends in an abortion, sometimes one in three in some areas. The average number of children per woman is just 1.64 which has been recorded as the lowest since records began in 1924. The highest birth rate was recorded in 1964, when the average woman had 2.93 children. Some women say they are waiting until the age of 27 before starting a family because they want to experience life before they start taking care of another life. Statistics show that there was 2% drop in the number of live births in 2001; in the year 2000 were 604,000, last year it was 595,000. The falling birth rate has been linked to more women opting for a career, work pressures and the higher rate of relationship breakdown. Women in London are most likely to abort a pregnancy. Almost a third (32.5%) of all conceptions in the capital are terminated, compared with fewer than a fifth (19.1%) ...read more.


Multiculturalism Multiculturalism is the acceptance or promotion of multiple ethnic cultures, applied to the demographic make-up of a specific place, usually at the organisational level, for example schools, businesses, neighbourhoods, cities or nations. Multiculturalists advocate extending equitable status to distinct ethnic and religious groups without promoting any specific ethnic, religious, and/or cultural community values as central. Multiculturalism can be interpreted in many ways. One being that is every culture has the right to exist and there is no over-arching thread that holds them together. That is the multiculturalism we think is so destructive because there's no thread to hold society together. In this sense multiculturalism requires that all cultures should be open, self-critical, and interactive in their relations with other each other. Changes in life expectancy Life expectancy has risen since the mid-nineteenth century. They have improved by nearly 25 per cent as people live longer lives. Over the last 50 years life expectancy has been transformed by better medicine and a huge range of material benefits that have helped improve health. These range from the universal spread of decent housing and central heating, cheap and good quality food, child immunisation programmes and a general increase in the standard of living. ...read more.


The percentage of world population aged 65 and over only increased from 5.2% in 1950 to 6.9% in 2000. Peter Townsend carried out a survey for old people in care institutions. He found out that they were isolated, lacked power over their own lives, had little say in personal choices and where there because of poverty and homelessness and not old age sake. It was recommended that care was provided in people homes and that residential homes should be positive and not as a last resort. This is when the NHS and Community Care Act 1960 took place; to ensure that legislative framework and financial support for planned care in the community. Implications of demographic change Demographic change is used to describe the study of changes in the size and structure of the population. The changes in the size and make up of the population are studied by social scientists, commercial institutions, governments and other policy makers. They were concerned with measuring the natural changes in the population-changes in the birth rates and death rates and also changes in migration (emigration and immigration). Now they are studying wider changes such as educational achievements, employments, spending patterns and the use of leisure time. ...read more.

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