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Psychological Perspectives M2. I am going to look at how the humanistic and the biological approaches are used in health and social care practices

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Introduction

´╗┐Psychological Perspectives Natasha Sweeney 1 K Psychological Perspectives M2 I am going to look at how the humanistic and the biological approaches are used in health and social care practices and how they are applied to service provision, comparing the similarities and differences for each approach. The biological approach is being used in health care a lot more now we are more aware and knowledgeable on the brain and the nervous system. Scientists can now look at the brain through MRI and PET scans to see the effects of brain damage, disease, and drugs. The Biological approach prescribes drug-based treatments for mental disorders. Biological therapies are constructed on the belief that mental illnesses are caused by abnormalities in the neural and bodily process, such as imbalances in certain neurotransmitters or malfunctions in certain areas of the brain. Biology treatment is used everywhere as medicine. There is proof that it has been successful for many mental disorders. People who use the humanistic approach believe that individuals make have their own choices freely about their behavior. Therapy for this approach concentrates on people as individuals, that we all have unique abilities and talents. The approach believes that if people are given help to find themselves and see their self-worth they will develop as better people. ...read more.

Middle

Treatment such as chemotherapy would be used to treat cancer, the patient with cancer would need medical treatment because of the impact of cancer on the body, in some cases the biological approach would be the only way to deal with cancer, to keep the individual alive. The humanistic approach would be beneficial alongside the medical treatment because the individual may be feeling very low after all the treatment and the change of life cancer may have had on the person. A humanist could help the person feel themselves and build their self-esteem back up after the shock of having cancer. The last illness I am going to look at is Drug addiction? I?m going consider a person who is addicted to heroin. Heroin? This is supplied in a powder form and is injected in the veins. When this has been performed the chemicals in the brain changes, making the person who is doing this feel really good. This is because of the increase of certain chemicals. The more the individual uses the drugs the less the body will naturally be able to produce these chemicals such as dopamine; therefore the person will feel extremely low. The individual then has a craving to do the drug again and again so they can feel this good feeling. ...read more.

Conclusion

The individual would be feeling unhappy at this point and not feeling very good about themself. Abraham Maslow believes that we are all looking to become the best we can be, spiritually, emotionally, intellectually and physically, calling this self-actualisation. His theory to humanism is known as the hierarchy of needs. Maslow states that in order to reach actualisation we need to have progressed through five stages. He said that all our psychological needs must to be met at each stage to move on up to the next step. When all our basic needs are met like living comfortably, being fed well, we can move up to the next step which is feeling safe and secure. When this stage is met we would move up to the next step which would be our emotional needs, like being loved and the need to belong, again once this stage is met we would move up to the next step with is receiving respect from others and respecting yourself, this stage is where you feel really good about yourself. When these stages are met on the hierarchy finally the person can reach actualisation. As shown, throughout this essay, the humanistic and the biological approach are totally different and aim to provide different ways of treating conditions although they can work very well together when applied to a person?s health needs. . www.mhra.gov.uk/.../Selectiveserotoninre-uptakeinhibitors/index.ht... http://www.rxlist.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=104049 http://www.csun.edu/~hcpsy002/0135128978_ch9.pdf ...read more.

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