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Psychological Perspectives - The behavioural approach is a psychological perspective that states that human behaviour is learned, thus all behaviour can be unlearned and new behaviours learned in its place

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Introduction

Transfer-Encoding: chunked ´╗┐Health and Social Care National Extended Diploma Psychological Perspective: Behavioural Approach The behavioural approach is a psychological perspective that states that human behaviour is learned, thus all behaviour can be unlearned and new behaviours learned in its place. Behaviourism is concerned primarily with the observable and measurable aspects of human behaviour. Key Theorists of the behavioural approach includes Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) and Burrhus Skinner (1904-1990). Pavlov was a Russian physiologist known primarily for his work in classical conditioning. Pavlov's principles of classical conditioning have been found to operate across a variety of experimental and clinical settings, including educational classrooms. ...read more.

Middle

Image result for pavlovs dogs Before conditioning During conditioning After conditioning Bell: Neutral stimulus (NS) Bell: Neutral stimulus (NS) Bell: Conditioned stimulus (CS) Food: Unconditioned stimulus (UCS) Food: Unconditioned stimulus (UCS) N/A N/A Salivation: Unconditioned response (UCR) Salivation: Unconditioned response (UCR) Salivation: Conditioned response (CR) Skinner (1938) coined the term operant conditioning, it means changing behaviour by the use of reinforcement which is given after the desired response. He showed how positive reinforcement worked by placing a hungry rat in his box. The box contained a lever on the side and as the rat moved about the box it would accidentally knock the lever. Immediately it did so, a food pellet would drop into a container next to the lever. ...read more.

Conclusion

food for the rats in the cages Negative Reinforcement Anything which has the effect of increasing the likelihood reinforcement of the behaviour being repeated by using consequences that are pleasant when they stop Punishment Anything which has the effect of decreasing the likelihood of the behaviour being repeated by using consequences that are unpleasant when happen Before conditioning During conditioning After conditioning Teacher gets class to be quiet Students will get quiet Teacher instructs class to be quiet and claps 3 times Students will get quiet Claps 3 times Students will get quiet Claps 3 times Students will not get quiet In a health and social care setting, classical conditioning can be used within a classroom. ...read more.

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