Psychological Perspectives - Humanistic Approach

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Health and Social Care National Extended Diploma

Psychological Perspective: Humanistic Approach

The humanistic approach is a psychological perspective that emphasizes the study of the whole person. Humanistic psychologists look at human behaviour not only through the eyes of the observer, but through the eyes of the person doing the behaving.

Key Theorists of the humanistic approach includes Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow. Car Rogers (1902 –1987) was an influential American psychologist and theorist, and among the founders of the humanistic approach (or otherwise known as, the client-centered approach) to psychology. Rogers is widely considered to be one of the founding fathers of psychotherapy research. He believed that people are fundamentally good. In the table below there are three 3 aspects of his theory and a definition to go with them.
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Core Self

Self Concept

Ideal Self

This is who we are when we are born.

This is how we see ourselves and the conditions of our worth.

This is who we want to be.

Humanistic psychologists believe that an individual’s behaviour is connected to their inner feelings and self image. A poor self image impacts how we interact with the world. Our core self is the aspect primarily focussed on when people have a low self esteem, whereas a predominant ideal self is linked with a high self esteem. Self actualisation ...

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