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Understanding Diverse Offending Behaviour

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

North East Wales Institute/ Athrofa Gogledd Ddwyrain Cymru School of Business and Social Sciences/ Ysgol Fusnes a Gwyddorau Cymdeithasol ASSIGNMENT SUBMISSION SHEET / TAFLEN GYFLWYNO ASEINIADAU Student number Rhif myfyriwr/wraig S0200795 Unit/module name Enw'r uned/modiwl Understanding Diverse Offending Behaviour Name of tutor Enw'r tiwtor Assignment due date Dyddiad y dylai'r aseiniad fod i mewn 28/05/2004 Submission date Dyddiad cyflwyno 28/05/2004 Assignment title Teitl yr aseiniad Understanding Diverse Offending Behaviour essay For group projects - name of other students in group Ar gyfer projectau grwp - enwau'r myfyrwyr eraill yn y grwp Word Count 4630 Declaration: This assignment is the product of my own work and I am aware of and agree to abide by the University's regulations concerning plagiarism. (please delete as appropriate) Yes If you are a disabled student, do you have a Learning Contract? (please delete as appropriate) Yes / No Date-28/05/2004 Understanding Diverse Offending Behaviour Select an aspect of diverse offending behaviour from the list below. Critically explore and comment how society views and responds to this problem. Your assignment should consider any legal, policy, practice and ethical issues. This essay will discuss the policies and practices that are applied to service users who are using and/or abusing illicit substances. An analysis will be made of the social constructions surrounding drug use, the stereotypes, and common social beliefs. The ethics involved when providing service to a substance user will be examined, and, where applicable, evaluated and criticised. Practices surrounding substance use will be discussed, as will the policies created by Social Services and other groups to accommodate substance users. The law will be examined, and an analysis of how substance abusers are accommodated by society will be made. ...read more.

Middle

In order to assist drug users in coming off the substance abused/used, one must first attempt to understand why the drug is being used. The Drug Service User's Charter of Rights and Responsibilities (1997) offer the following possibilities, which are divided into two groups. Group A - Occasional or Recreational Use * Curiosity - often the reason for initial drug use. * Experimentation - young people may experiment with drugs and their effects to fill in gaps in their knowledge . * Adventure, risk taking - some people may be attracted by the risk they see as inherent in drug use. * Improve performance & body image - this may include the use of stimulants such as cocaine and amphetamines, and performance enhancers such as anabolic steroids. * To enhance experience - this will include the use of ecstasy by younger clubbers, and mescaline by older writers (e.g. Huxley). Group B - Chaotic, Dependent or Risky Use * To kill pain, including emotional pain - Some people will use drugs (generally opiates) as a means of escape from a reality they feel they cannot deal with in any other way (e.g. if they are suffering physical or psychological abuse). * To find/maintain a sense of identity - Some users may welcome the sense of identity that membership of a drug-using fraternity bestows. * To avoid withdrawal - Once dependent on drugs, users will wish to avoid the extremely unpleasant physical and psychological effects of withdrawing from their dependence. A criticism of this model is that it over-simplifies the true range and pattern of drug use. It is an idea accepted that there is rarely one given reason for drug use. ...read more.

Conclusion

* Communities - 'to protect communities from drug-related anti-social and criminal behaviour', and to 'halve the levels of re-offending by drug misusing offenders by 2008.' * Treatment - 'to enable people with drug problems to overcome them', and to double the number of drug misusers in treatment by 2008. * Availability- 'to stifle the availability of illegal drugs on the streets', and to 'reduce access to drugs among 5 to 16 year olds.' One thing is apparent; there is a need for prevention. The government is attempting to do this by means of education. The United Kingdom anti-drugs co-ordinator's annual report (2001/2002) boasts that '....�152 million over three years has been identified for spending on education, prevention and treatment services for young people, to increase drug service provision for young people.' However, the Department for Education and Employment's (DfEE) article, 'Protecting Young People (1998)', states that 'it is important drug education is based on evidence about what works and what clearly does not work.' 'Shock tactic' approaches, often used by schools and local education authorities, are often ineffective, and, according to the DfEE, 'are often counterproductive'. It is also claimed that '...the impact of drug education on drug using behaviour is limited. Drug education is unlikely to prevent young people from ever experimenting with drugs.' Though perhaps seeming overly critical of drugs education, the report does concede that drug education can be beneficial when implemented in the correct manner- '...Drug education can contribute towards decreased harm and increased safety for young people, their families and communities.' Therefore, it can be offered as the better opinion that drug education does little in terms of prevention. However, there is scope for preventing the misuse of drugs, to the point where they can become dangerous to the uneducated user. ...read more.

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