Unit 27: Challenging Behaviour in Health & Social Care
P1: Describe the characteristics and causes of challenging behaviour
Challenging behaviour is behaviour outside of the expected norms for a person’s age that is disruptive and difficult to manage and can cause harm the individual exhibiting the behaviour is likely to suffer from learning disability or a mental illness or may have had a difficult upbringing.
Verbal Abuse: Is a form abuse that involves the use of words in a verbally abusive situation words are used to attack, control and inflict harm on another individual verbal abuse is not just mean it involves inflicting psychological violence on another individual attacking their being and attempting to destroy his or her spirit. A number of behaviours are considered verbally abusive behaviours such as angry outbursts, screaming rages and name calling verbal abuse often includes blaming and intimidation verbal abuse can be overt or covert but it is always about controlling often verbal abusers tell their victims what to think and how to feel they refuse to see or understand the victims point of view. The effects of verbal abuse can affect an individual self image and affect someone in emotional psychological ways it can lead to low self esteem as well as depression victim may already be experiencing at home or in other places in some cases verbal abuse can reach a point where the victim is so depressed and wants escape so badly that the individual may turn to substance abuse or in some extreme cases suicide. There are many causes for verbal abuse some people have grown up in the environment of verbally abusive parent/carers an individual who feels they are insufficient in the eyes of society and have not succeeded an individual that has had luck and feels their peers judge them.
Physical Abuse: Is any intentional and unwanted contact with an individual or something close to their body sometimes abusive behaviour does not cause pain or even leave a bruise but it’s still unhealthy. Physical abuse can be classed as hitting, shaking, chocking, biting or physical attack it can lead to bruising, cuts, scratches burns, fractures and internal injuries as well as these more immediate injuries there can also be longer term ones. Physical abuse can in severe cases end up in disability, medical problems and long term issues will arise the age also influences how much damage is done to the individual the younger the child the more damage can be done. Physical abuse leaves mental scars for the individual who have suffered abuse often may have had problems at school with concentration, self control, anger and social interaction individuals often need long term counselling in order to come to terms with their experiences and to be able to function normally in society also individuals who suffered physical abuse are prone to emotional distress they tend to suffer more from depression, self image issues, self consciousness and low self esteem it can also result in aggression towards others hostilely, fear and trust issues. The social problems as a result of physical abuse are they are severe many social issues start from the mental problems caused by the abuse. They tend to manifest themselves as the inability to form friendships, poor social skills, and poor cognitive and language skills, disgust of others and either a problem with authority or the exact opposite. These problems can not only affect the individual but their family, friends and the people around them if they are not addressed the social problems related to abuse continue into adulthood. Sometimes they remain constant and controllable and others they increase in power and can interfere in the normal life of the victim adults who suffered abuse or ill treatment in childhood are likely to abuse their children in the future. The factors thought to influence the actions of an abuser lot of them have suffered; physical, emotional or sexual abuse themselves especially as children.