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The Bolsheviks won the civil war due to the mistakes of their opponents How far do you agree?

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Introduction

"The Bolsheviks won the civil war due to the mistakes of their opponents" How far do you agree? (22) The civil war started in 1918 and ended in 1923. After the singing of the treaty of Brest-Litovsk 1918 to end the war the Bolsheviks opposition grew. In august 1918 Lenin was shot 3 times by a SR agent, but had a miraculous escape. By the end of 1918 an unlikely collection of anti-Bolshevik political groups had united in an attempt to crush the Bolshevik rule. They were called the whites. This white opposition consisted of a range of political groups. There were those who wished to see a return of the tsar like the liberals including supporters of the provisional government, military leaders unhappy with Brest-Litovsk treaty, national minorities seeking independence from Russia and members of the Menshevik and SR parties who had been denied an involvement in the government. The Whites also received aid from the allies in the First World War who were Britain, France and USA. ...read more.

Middle

The whites also received support from Britain, France and USA who sent troops and money to help out. This created even more disunity and tension as these countries came in with their own aims and intentions. After 1918 foreign intervention became half hearted. This left the whites significantly weaker without the much needed foreign support. The whites were in a poor geographical area. The whites were scattered around the edges of the Bolshevik area which was Moscow and Petrograd. With the whites being spread around Russia they were separated by long distances. This led to the white's lack of effective communication and transport links. This meant that the white army forces had to largely fight independently of one another. This gave the Bolshevik's an advantage as the whites couldn't get the supplies that they needed like food and weapons which left them weak in places. This also meant that the whites found it hard to communicate with each other about co-ordinating the attacks of different white armies. ...read more.

Conclusion

They had one aim which was "to complete the Bolshevik takeover of Russia. This meant that the Bolshevik's were able to spread their message easier because it was simple. The reds had no foreign support. This kept all the troops together and unity in the camp. The Bolshevik soldiers were enthusiastic. Many were keen Communists fighting for a better world, while others just hated foreigners invading Russia. The Bolshevik's used terror to deal with "counter-revolution, sabotage and speculation". The Bolshevik's set up the Cheka, which was the secret police. It was used to help out in the civil war against the whites. The Cheka undertook mass arrests and executions, particularly in areas which had been held by the whites. The Cheka murdered more than 7000 Whites. Terror united all the Bolsheviks and made them keen to win the war. In conclusion the statement "The Bolsheviks won the civil war due to the mistakes of their opponents" is true to a certain extent because the Bolshevik's won the civil war due to their opponent's failures and mistakes. But the Bolsheviks also won the civil war due to their own efforts. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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