• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Britains attempts to appease Mussolini in the 1930s were successful Explain why you agree or disagree with this view.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Daryan Omar ?Britain?s attempts to appease Mussolini in the 1930?s were successful? Explain why you agree or disagree with this view. (24 marks) Britain?s attempt to appease Mussolini were successful up until the Abyssinian crisis of 1935, as Italy were not in league with Germany but on the contrary, were opposed to German expansion and revision of the treaty of Versailles. However after the Abyssinian crisis, this stance from Mussolini disappeared and changed greatly. Hence British attempts becoming unsuccessful, as ultimately Mussolini entered the Second World War on the side of Germany. Britain and Italy?s relationship was cordial before the Abyssinian crisis, indicating success in their appeasement policies. The Stresa front of 1935 between: Britain, France and Italy manifested this, as they agreed to prevent further revision of the treaty from Hitler and to resist him in his expansionist aims, and to also condemn Hitler?s actions. The Stresa front was suggested by Mussolini himself who was very co-operative and acted on the side of Britain and France as they all shared the same opinion on German rearmament. ...read more.

Middle

This is another example of British success in their appeasement policies. Before the Hoare-Lavale pact was leaked into to the public, it seemed as if Mussolini would accept this proposal. Hitherto the pact, Hoare, the British secretary worked well with Italy, and demonstrated a close relationship. If Mussolini had accepted then it would be a success, as Mussolini would still be on the side of Britain. This could be seen as some sort of success, as at first it did seem that it would be successful. Ultimately, it was a failure of British appeasement, as Mussolini did not accept the proposal to ?save face?. However, there were also many examples of British failure of appeasement, such as the Anglo-German Naval Agreement, which was poor example of British policy, as it did nothing but completely undermine, consequently damaging the Stresa front irrevocably. As it angered Mussolini greatly and it was almost as if Britain were stabbing the other members of the Front in the back, as they condemned Germany in the Stresa Front and then signed an agreement with them, allowing them some sort of navy. ...read more.

Conclusion

The acceptance of the Anschluss from Italy was a great success for Germany and a greater blow to the treaty and Britain. Mussolini invaded and conquered Abyssinia in the end, which was the result of Britain?s half-hearted sanctions. This also gave confidence to both Mussolini and Hitler, as it showed them how feeble and indecisive Britain during the Abyssinian crisis, giving them the impression that they could perform such acts again. In conclusion, Britain?s policies of appeasement were successful up until the Hoare-Laval pact, as from then on; British appeasement failed and became unsuccessful, because Italy ended up on Germany?s side in the Second World War. Also after the Abyssinian crisis, appeasement could be seen as an unnecessary policy, due to the fact that Mussolini was on Hitler?s side. Yet Britain pressed on with appeasement, such as the Easter Accords, which accepted the status quo of the Middle East and Abyssinia, but this is negligible as Mussolini did not actually stick to it and did not achieve anything. The successful examples were not significant overall, as the unsuccessful cases were more prevalent and outweigh them. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Reasons for Napoleon's Success (to 1807).

    Hence the defeat at Essling when he was faced with superior numbers. o The Spanish campaign and risings in Germany and the Alps also diverted French troops from their main objectives. Once again, Napoleon's infallibility had been challenged. This served only to encourage the spirit of resistance and to demoralise the French.

  2. Explain whether you agree or disagree with this statement - "The league of nations ...

    Again in 1920 the league settled a dispute between Germany and Poland over Upper Silesia. In 1922 the league provided financial support to Austria after her economy was in the state of collapsing. The league acted swiftly in 1925 when it stopped a Greek invasion on Bulgaria as a result

  1. Were the 1930's the Devils Decade or The Dawn of Affluence?

    Social investigators of the time along with contemporary historians simply claimed slum housing was removing the symptoms of poverty and not the causes. Slum houses, poor health were only possible because of the poverty crisis, a clear illustration of what poverty Britain was facing is shown through arguably the most important social investigator of the 1930s, Seebohlm Rowntree.

  2. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    established to seek out and denounce enemies of the Party.[44] The trial was given the name of a show trial because it was used to demonstrate the fate of all counter-revolutionists. Among the sixteen men being tried were Zinoviev, Kamenev and fourteen other old Bolsheviks who were suspected of establishing

  1. Why was the League of Nations a failure in the 1930's?

    indeed 'special case', and most could understand the dilemma involving something so far away - next time the League would have less leverage. The next big failure of the League was involving disarmament. It had had little success in this matter in the 1920's, but relations had been better and this had not seemed to matter as much.

  2. Hitlers Germany

    The French navy meanwhile kept an eye on Italy, which had not yet entered the war. The German navy in 1939 was much more modest than it had been in 1914. The submarine fleet consisted of only 57 U-boats, of which only 26 were suitable for Atlantic operations, but thereafter the submarine fleet grew rapidly.

  1. Why did the League of Nations fail in the 1930s?

    The details of the Pact were eventually leaked to the French press, and the details of the treacherous Plan came to light. This all but destroyed the talks about sanctions on Italy, and delayed the question of banning oil sales to Italy even further.

  2. 'Nazi attempts to control the German Churches had limited success in the years 1933 ...

    For example over 700 Protestant priests were arrested in 1935 for condemning neo-pagan teaching in schools. This consequently shows how despite the efforts of the Nazis neo-pagan teachings where still a part of school teachings. Furthermore they failed to punish Bishop Galen in 1941 when he publicly protested against euthanasia.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work