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Can the outbreak of World War One be Attributed to the Actions of 'Gavrilo Princip'.

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Introduction

H/W 28/9/02 Can the outbreak of World War One be Attributed to the Actions of 'Gavrilo Princip' Towards the end of the 19th century, there was growing rivalry among the nations of Europe. Germany was quickly becoming a major industrial and military power and many countries, especially France and Britain felt threatened by this. World War I took place between 1914 and 1918 and was known as 'The War to end all wars.' The shots fired by Gavrilo Pricip, a Serbian nationalist of the 'Black Hand', that killed Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austrian-Hungarian throne, on June 28, 1914 was the trigger of World War One. But the underlying causes were more complex, which included nationalism, imperialism, militarism, and alliances. Nationalism can be attributed as being a long term, political cause of World War One. Nationalism is the love of one's country rather that the love of a native region. Throughout the 1800's many national groups, which were driven by nationalism, tried to unite by forming governments controlled by their own people. However, this desire to unite all the people of a nation under one government had devastating possibilities in Europe, where one government often ruled many nationalities. This is one important reason for the start of the Great War. The Austrian Hungarians feared that Serbia would encourage the Serbs and Croats with terrorism as they were nationalists and wanted their independence. ...read more.

Middle

They therefore needed more people to fight with them. One way was to try to expand their Empire and technology or the other was to build alliances with other countries. They decided to try to build alliances with other countries. Alliances were another cause of World War I as well as the actions of Gavrilo Princip. World War I was also caused in part by the two opposing alliances, developed by the Bismarck diplomacy after the Franco-Prussian War. In order to diplomatically isolate France, Bismarck formed the Three Emperor's League in 1872, an alliance between Germany, Russia and Austria-Hungary. When the French occupied Tunisia, Bismarck took advantage of Italian resentment towards France and created the Triple Alliance between Germany, Italy and Austria- Hungary in 1882. In exchange for Italy's agreement to stay neutral if war broke out between Austria-Hungary and Russia, Germany and Austria-Hungary would protect Italy from France. Russia and Austria-Hungary grew suspicious of each other over conflicts in the Balkans in 1887, but Bismarck repaired the damage to his alliances with a Reinsurance Treaty with Russia, allowing both powers to stay neutral if the other was at war. However, after Kaiser William II fired Bismarck in 1890, the traditional dislike of Slavs kept Bismarck's successors from renewing the understanding with Russia. France took advantage of this opportunity to get an ally, and the Franco- Russian Entente was formed in 1891, which became a formal alliance in 1894. ...read more.

Conclusion

This motivated the British to launch the Dreadnought, invented by Admiral Sir John Fisher, in 1906. The Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905 had demonstrated how effective these battleships were. As Britain increased its output of battleships, Germany correspondingly stepped up their naval production, including the Dreadnought. Although efforts for worldwide disarmament were made at the Hague Conferences of 1899 and 1907, international rivalry caused the arms race to continue to feed on itself. This was another cause that attributed to World War I apart from the actions of Gavrilo Princip. It is thought that the war began with the assassination of the Archduke Francis Ferdinand. However many other reasons led to this war, some occurring as far back as the late 1800's. Nationalism, militarism, imperialism, and the system of alliances were four main factors that pressed the great powers towards this explosive war. One could say that the actions of Gavrilo Princip was the trigger of the war because immediately following the assassination, Germany pledged its full support (blank cheque) to Austria-Hungary, pressuring them to declare war on Serbia, whilst France strengthened its backing of Russia. Convinced that the Serbian government had conspired against them, Austria-Hungary issued Serbia an ultimatum, which Serbia agreed to apart from one item, which consequently led to Austria-Hungary declaring war on Serbia! Sean De Souza 9S ...read more.

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