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Compare and contrast Cavour and Garibaldi's contributions to Unification.

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  • Essay length: 1566 words
  • Submitted: 05/04/2005
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AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945

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Compare and contrast Cavour and Garibaldi's contributions to Unification.

The 1848 revolution in Italy saw The Kingdom of Piedmont become a constitutional monarchy under King Victor Emmanuel. Prime Minister Conte Camillo di Cavour persuaded Napoleon III of France to sign a secret treaty of alliance with Piedmont (at Plombieres), which allowed the French to intervene on the side of the Piedmontese once Cavour had provoked Austria into a war. In truth, the assassination attempt on Napoleon III by a militant Italian Mazzinian, Orsini, was much more of a prompt for his own involvement than the requests by Cavour. The Franco-Austrian War of 1859 involved much bloody fighting in northern Italy, but premature to Austrian defeat, Napoleon III withdrew in fear of losing a great many more lives. Additionally, the war had been a lot more expensive than at first anticipated. This enabled Austria to recoup some its losses, in particular the wealthy province of Venetia (in an armistice on 24th June behind Cavour's back). At this stage, Cavour was extremely depressed and even contemplating suicide. However, the war had encouraged Italians to rise up against the Austrians in northern Italy and to achieve independence for many of

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