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Compare and Contrast the February and October Revolutions in Russia.

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Introduction

´╗┐Russian Revolution Compare and Contrast February and October Revolutions Writing II, Modern World History The entire Russian Revolution was marked by the two revolutions within the major one. In chronological order the February Revolution was the first one, and the second one was the October Revolution. Clearly to see from their names, the February Revolution happened in February and the October Revolution happened in October. Between these two months it was a period of transition. During that time, Russia was ruled by a provisional government led by Prince Gregory Lvov. Honestly said, they were both very significant to Russian history. The two revolutions were very different from each other in that they were different types of revolutions and one had violence while another didn?t, but they were the same in that the people supported both of them for the same reasons. The first difference is that the February Revolution was more of a spontaneous riot of the people rather than a revolution, while the October Revolution was an actual overthrow of the government led by Vladimir Lenin. The February Revolution happened before the October Revolution. Due to this, the people involved in it didn?t have a clue about what to expect from the results from the Revolution. First of all, the February Revolution was completely uncalled for. It was a riot lead by the peasants of St. Petersburg. They were all unhappy with the living conditions which they experienced during the times of war. ...read more.

Middle

Also they were scared to enter the war after so many of their friends and relatives had already perished in the battle fields. Due to this the St. Petersburg garrison sympathized with the public havoc on the streets and joined in with the rioting crowd, rather than destroying the riot with clubs and guns. Much different than in the February Revolution, in the October Revolution military forces played a highly significant role. In fact, Lenin had even formed his own private army, which he called the Red Guard. Later on the Red Guard was made larger so that it became called the Red Army. Its purpose was to eliminate enemies of the Bolshevik regime, and also to fulfill tasks as the assassination of the Romanov family. The Red Army was a type of watchdog for Lenin, since anyone who opposed the Bolshevik ideas was immediately put in place by the Red Army. Undoubtedly, the October Revolution lived from the military strength of the Red Guard much more, than the February Revolution did. The idea of Marxism-Leninism was the proclaimed ideology of Russia after the Bolshevik takeover took place. As the name makes clear, its founders were the German philosopher Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin. Actually the idea was of Marx?s origin, and he also wrote it down in his book, the Communist Manifesto. However, Lenin deserves to have his name mentioned in the political idea, since he was the one who enforced the belief so much in Russia, and also made it very well known across the whole world. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also the tzar still acted like a puppet master for the prime minister in that time. The Provisional Government in Russia was perhaps the shortest government in office ever. Needless to say, the Provisional Government produced nearly no long-term effects at all. In fact, the reality is that if you ask anybody which government ruled Russia from the time of the February Revolution until the October Revolution, very few people would be able to answer that. After this provisional government was replaced by the Bolsheviks, the Russian Soviet Socialist Republic was introduced, and just four years later the Soviet Union was set up. In summary, the two revolutions were totally different in their happenings, but they had the one similarity that they were so much favored by the people of Russia because of the same reasons. While one served no particular cause, the October Revolution?s clear purpose was to overthrow Russia?s monarchy. Also the October Revolution was much more significant to the events that led up to the creation of the Soviet Union. Another difference was that the army played no role in the February Revolution, while it played a major role in the October Revolution. The one significant similarity between the two revolutions was that the people supported both of them for the same reasons. The two Russian revolutions were rather fascinating in their developments, and led to many important things in later Russian history, like in the creation of the Soviet Union. All in all, it was a great topic to write about. ...read more.

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