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Concentration Camps

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Concentration Camps A concentration camp is a place where particular groups of people are kept usually under inhumane conditions due to political reasons. Men women and even children are confided without typical judicial trials for an undecided period of time. The camp authorities usually exercise excessive amounts of arbitrary power. Even though many different facilities have served as concentration camps many typically consist of barracks, huts or tents, which are surrounded by watchtowers and barbed wire. Various other names are also used in place of concentration camp such as corrective labour camps, relocation centres and reception centres. In German concentration camps during World War II an excess of 4 million people died, but throughout history various other camps have been in use. ...read more.


E.g. canal building/maintenance and mining. The most well known concentration camps existed in Nazi Germany from 1933, almost immediately after the Nazis were elected. The Nazis gained power on January 30th 1933 and the following February issued a decree removing the constitutional protection against arbitrary arrest. The security police had the authority to arrest anyone and follow up the arrest by sending that person to a camp for an indefinite period of time. The political police, called the Gestapo, imposed 'protective custody' on a wide variety of political opponents, which included communists, socialists, religious dissenters, Jehovah's Witnesses and Jews. The criminal police, called the Kripo, imposed 'preventive arrest' on professional criminals and other groups like gypsies, homosexuals and prostitutes. ...read more.


Those whom were no longer able to work were killed by gassing, shooting or fatal injection. Some prisoners were even subject to "medical experiments" as the Nazis called them. Camp population exceeded 700,000 in early 1945. Also, during World War II extermination centres were established by the Nazis, either within concentration camps or in newly built centres, to kill entire populations. More than 6 million people perished in Nazi camps, of which the majority were Jews. Since World War II many repressive regimes have established concentration camps to detain vast numbers of people. For example; in Kenya during the 1950's the British established emergency detention camps; the Indonesian Government in the 1960's sent opponents to island camps; and the military regime in Argentina during the 1970's secretly operated detention camps. ...read more.

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