• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

History Notes on the American Civil War

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

APUSH Chapter 21 NOTES Bull Run Ends the "90 Day War" * Lincoln thought that a defeat of the Confederate forces at Bull Run (Manassas Junction, VA) would not only be successful, but quickly put an end to the South's secession from the Union WITHOUT damage to the economic and social system of the South -but he was wrong - Stonewall Jackson's regiment held * Victory was worse for the South b/c now the South was even more confident that they could win AND volunteers fell off b/c it didn't look as if they were needed * Defeat was better than victory for the North b/c it dispelled all notions that this was going to be a quick, easy war and caused the North to hunker down and gear up for the task at hand "Tardy George" McClellan and the Peninsula Campaign * George McClellan, the commander of the Army of the Potomac * Brilliant and experienced, "Little Mac" was also a perfectionist who learned the hard way that winning wars requires risk - He was overcautious and was arrogant to Lincoln * Lincoln had to issue orders to advance his army and thus began the Peninsula campaign in which the North lost as well * Result of this battle: Lincoln was willing to leave slavery alone where it already existed, but ...read more.

Middle

he would not (for fear of disunion) and Where he WOULD (confederate states) he could not. * Lincoln's immediate goal was not only to free the slaves, but also to strengthen the moral cause of the Union at home and abroad * This changed the nature of the war for now there was no chance of a negotiated settlement - it would be a fight to the finish - a clear winner and a clear loser * The political result - many Northerners felt Lincoln had gone too far - they fought to save the Union NOT to free slaves - desertions increased and many Democrats won Repub. seats even in Lincoln's home state of Illinois Blacks Battle Bondage * Lincoln took steps to enlist blacks in the armed forces - blacks were only enlisted in the Navy and as cooks, stewards and firemen) * By the end of the war, 180,000 blacks served in the Union army * In the South, blacks were not enlisted until the last month of the war but many were forced into war connected activities (building, farming, supplying) Lee's Last Lunge at Gettysburg * After Confederate victories at Fredericksburg (VA) and Chancellorsville (VA) {afterwards Stonewall Jackson was killed by friendly fire} - Lee followed up by invading North into Gettysburg, Pennsylvania * The Battle of Gettysburg was ...read more.

Conclusion

party was renamed Union Party containing Repubs and War Dems * Gen. McClellan was nominated by the Dems (regular and copperhead) * Lincoln wins * The South's hopes of a Lincoln defeat were shattered and desertions from the South increased sharply Grant Outlasts Lee * After brutal fighting between Grant and Lee's forces and an attempted peace settlement that failed, Grant captured Richmond and cornered Lee at Appomatox Courthouse in Va. - Lee surrendered to Grant in April 1865 The Martyrdom of Lincoln * On April 14, 1865 - five days after Lee's surrender at Ford's Theater in Washington - John Wilkes Booth - shot Lincoln in the head - Lincoln died the following morning * The south did not realize that Lincoln's death was the worst thing that could have happened for them in their defeated position - Lincoln's kindness and moderation could have acted as a shield between the South and the victors -the North is now even more bitter The Aftermath of the Nightmare * Over 600,000 men died * Many young men were lost to potential leadership and tens of thousands of babies were not fathered * The cost was approximately $15 billion * Nullification and secession were laid to rest - the greatest constitutional decision of the century was written in blood - the SUPREME TEST of American democracy and provided inspiration to democracies the world over * Slavery was ended * Nation politically united again ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. To what extent do you agree with Abraham Lincoln that slavery was 'somehow the ...

    whether they have been able to reach a compromise after Lincoln's election. The Crittenden compromise wanted to extend the line of the Missouri compromise to the Pacific which gave some hope to the South that slavery could expand. The proposals also recommended a constitutional amendment which guaranteed that silvery would not be interfered with where it already existed.

  2. Revision notes - the USA 1945 to 1980

    They believed that communism was a real threat to the USA. In 1951 the war was going badly in Korea and McCarthy forced general Marshall to resign for "deliberately allowing communist victories". He was accusing Marshall of being a communist himself.

  1. Causes of the American Civil War

    It was the general assumption that, due to the slavery standing of the surrounding states, that Kansas and Nebraska would become a slave state and a free state, respectively. This "Kansas-Nebraska scheme'; would be a downright revocation of the Missouri Compromise of 1820.

  2. To what extent did the American Civil War succeed in removing the two main ...

    try and close the bureau down and stop any aid to the Negroes. Stampp also has a wider range of source material and the value of hindsight to provide a more balanced argument. However, the bureau did not manage the complete transformation especially as Congress stopped its activities in 1869.

  1. "How Did The Election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 lead to the Secession of ...

    The Federal Government wanted to regulate slavery yet the Southern states wanted to prevent this and look after their own interests. Thus the question arose to as whether individual states should protect their own interests or should slave states all combine to do so.

  2. What was the short term significance of settlement in Kansas in the 1850s and ...

    Northern and Southern settlers came into the territory and with them they brought their own conflicting beliefs and ideals. As a consequence the population boomed and this influx of populates, from both North and South, resulted in hostility, violence and ...

  1. Describe Wilsons Fourteen points, Why did Congress fail to ratify the Peace Settlement?

    became extremely so during the 1930s. Pacifist opinion, which was popular in Europe, was practically main stream in America. This added to the belief that the Americans had been tricked into the war by a conspiracy of politicians, bankers and industrialists wanting to make a profit.

  2. Research on the major Civil rights events between 1963 to 1968

    He said the civil rights leaders had diluted the original purpose of the march, which had been to show the strength and anger of black people, by allowing white people and organizations to help plan and participate in the march. March organizers themselves disagreed over the purpose of the march.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work