• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Hitler became Chancellor in January 1933 because he was the leader of the most popular party in Germany. How far do you agree with this opinion?

Extracts from this document...


?Hitler became Chancellor in January 1933 because he was the leader of the most popular party in Germany.? How far do you agree with this opinion? Adolf Hitler was sworn in as Chancellor of Germany on 30 January 1933 following the short spell of General Schleicher. The Nazi Party had indeed grown from being less than a fringe irritant to an incredibly popular party, securing 230 out of 584 seats in the November 1932 election, although this was still 63 short of an overall majority. Therefore, he should not have been given power. However, the combination of circumstances at the time such as the Wall Street Crash of 1929 and the divisions within his opponents left President Hindenburg with no other choice than to give Hitler the role of Chancellor. The Wall Street Crash of 1929 was disastrous for Germany as the ensuing economic depression left six million Germans unemployed by 1932. This catastrophe spilled over into a political crisis as well since three Chancellors in Bruning, Schleicher and von Papen could not solve Germany?s problems over the next few years. ...read more.


In prison he reconsidered his political strategy and as he dictated Mein Kampf he decided that the Nazis had to legally gain power through elections. Therefore, the Nazis would be able to gain genuine support from the German people; they would be loved and not feared. If the Party had continued with its violent approach then they probably could have still gained power with enough support. However, it would leave many people feeling discontent with a high chance of attempts at overthrowing them. As they instead grew through their political campaign Hindenburg would have had more faith in appointing Hitler as Chancellor since he would be giving many German people what they wanted. Despite changing their strategy to gain power, the Nazi violence continued through the SA, led by Ernst Rohm, as they looked to intimidate their opponents and gain further support. This was the reason for Hitler not being appointed Chancellor earlier, Hindenburg considered the Nazis to be a threat to democracy, hence why von Papen and Schleicher were appointed before him. ...read more.


This was not to be and so the NSDAP were able to win the election and show Hindenburg that they were the most favoured political party at the time. In conclusion, I agree that the Nazi Party were the most popular party in Germany when Hitler was appointed as Chancellor. However, this was not the sole reason for his appointment. The fear and threat of violence from the SA meant that Hindenburg was ?bullied? into giving power to Hitler whilst the Great Depression caused by the Wall Street Crash gave the NSDAP the chance to win over more voters with the promise of leading the country to recovery. The division of the left wing between Socialism and Communism also benefited the Nazis slightly as one of the two parties alone could not win enough votes. Overall, it was the violence maintained whilst the party simultaneously tried to take power through legal methods that saw them in the position with the highest popularity, giving Hindenburg no choice but to appoint Hitler as Chancellor of Germany. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    How far do you agree that Hitler became Chancellor primarily due to political intrigue?

    3 star(s)

    Schleicher began a campaign to stabilise the country but he was treated with suspicion by trade unions and capitalists. Von Papen was extremely angry at how he had lost his position to Schleicher and consequently arranged a meeting with Hitler, the man he had tried so desperately to keep out of government weeks before.

  2. Hitlers Germany

    The Dutch had already been overrun, and the Belgian king surrendered on May 28. On June 10 Italy belatedly declared war on Britain and France. The French army was already shattered. On June 16 Reynaud yielded the premiership to Marshal Petain, who sued for peace at once.

  1. How and why did the Weimar Governments collapse between October 1929 and January 1933?

    The increase of support for the NSDAP cannot be solely credited to the suffering economy and pitifully lacking government, although these did play a majority part in the rise of Hitler and his party. Hitler was very aware that getting above his opponents would require more than sheer reliance on

  2. Why did Hindenburg appoint Hitler as Chancellor in 1933?

    and the great depression had an impact on voting. The German government for a long time did very little and they believed they were powerless to help anyway. After inflation the economy had improved with little help from the government and therefore they may have believed it would again.

  1. How far do you agree that Hitler became chancellor in January 1933 primarily due ...

    Hitler would have eventually fallen back in to obscurity. In 1932, Hitler was refused power by Von Hindenburg and was instead given to Franz Von Pappen. This new political leader did face a large problem though, he did not have support of the Reichstag.

  2. Nazi consolidation of power in 1933 was primarily due to their use of violence ...

    Boasting this financial support and the use of Goebbels and the media, the Nazis were confident that they would secure a parliamentary majority. Despite this, although the Nazis increased their vote from 33.1 per cent to 43.9 per cent, this result was a political blow as in order to make

  1. Their use of terror was the main reason that the Nazis retained control in ...

    Gleichschaltung was another reason why Hitler retained control in Germany as the policy eliminated any threatening political opposition, meaning the Nazis were the only legal political party in Germany.

  2. Study sources B and D. Compare these Sources as evidence for the reasons why ...

    President Hindenburg's office, at the Nuremburg Trials in 1946 - Meissner may be trying to place on someone else apart from Hindenburg as he may have been close to Hindenburg and is trying to de-emphasise Hindenburg's role. Meissner's account however, is likely to be accurate as he will want to

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work