• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How and with what success did Mussolini consolidate his fascist state, 1922-1930?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

IB History How and with what success did Mussolini consolidate his fascist state, 1922-1930? Benito Mussolini was able to take power in Italy after the famous long march in Rome in 1922. He then consolidated his fascist state of Italy between 1922 and 1930. He accomplished through well-designed strategies. Getting fascists into important positions Mussolini used changes in the law to strengthen his grip on Government in Italy. The elected council of Rome was abolished. This was a significant check to Mussolini's power as it ran and controlled the largest and richest city in Italy. The black shirts were made into an official militia, which meant fascists could legally intimidate and persecute their opponents. The Civil Service of Italy, which ran the country's affairs, was gradually filled with fascists so there was no obstruction to Mussolini's policies. ...read more.

Middle

Banning other political parties Mussolini banned all political parties by law in January 1925. Communists were arrested and there was censorship of Italian newspapers. It was now very difficult to oppose Mussolini's power in Italy. Removing power from the king in 1925 The King was removed of his power to appoint and dismiss members of the Government, which had become the Grand Council of Fascism. Then the Prime Minister (Mussolini) was made Head of State as well as Government by law. The King was only a symbolic leader of Italy with no legal or political powers. The use of dictatorial powers Mussolini now had dictatorial powers. He could now do whatever he wanted and no one in Italy could block his decisions and laws. ...read more.

Conclusion

Compromise with the church Mussolini made a compromise with the church, which had been unsuccessful for the previous governments. In February 1929 Mussolini concluded the Lateran Treaty with Pope Pius XI. Under the treaty, Italy recognized the independent sovereignty of the Vatican, paid reparations for the loss of autonomy the Vatican suffered in the 19th century, and made Roman Catholicism the official state religion. The dictator thereby broke with the western liberal tendency to separate church and state. In turn, the Catholic Church supported Mussolini's regime more or less officially. The Catholic hierarchy was especially enthusiastic about Mussolini's attempts to raise Italian birth rates and his antifeminist acts, including laws that made abortion a heavily punished crime against the state and regulations discouraging women from working. ?? ?? ?? ?? Ponmuhil Ravichandran 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Why did Mussolini come to Power in 1922? How did Mussolini consolidate his position ...

    4 star(s)

    offices (Mussolini's former newspaper) and engaged in other acts of violence against socialists, such as pouring Castor Oil over them and simply beating them up. This was done not only by the Fascio di Combattimento but by other fascist squadrismo, completely independent of Mussolini's movement, although their leaders the ras realised the importance of Mussolini, particularly because of his newspaper.

  2. How Successfully did Mussolini Consolidate Fascist Power between 1922 and 1925?

    If the Ras had found a dominant leader then the path to consolidation could have been very different. If they had not been so divided, they might have organised themselves to challenge Mussolini and make sure that the revolution and disintegration of the Liberal State that they craved would take place.

  1. Why was Mussolini able to consolidate power between 1922 and 1929?

    With this law it meant Mussolini could pass any bill he wanted. Mussolini's first major crisis was the Matteoti Crisis. Matteoti was the leader of the PSU (reformist socialist) and a severe critic of Mussolini and the fascists, and it was well known that Mussolini hated him.

  2. Reasons for Napoleon's Success (to 1807).

    in men and materials and with great difficulty; and there were to be disasters and defeats. The general trend from 1808 onwards was no longer upward. Decline did not, however, set in immediately. What effect did the Continental System have on France?

  1. Explain how Mussolini was able both to obtain office and to consolidate his power ...

    the Italian government had given up territories that they had gained, such as Fiume. Mussolini promised a strong and decisive government that would contrast against the weak and feeble governments of the day, and this decisiveness was a popular notion.

  2. Soviet State

    * The impact of collectivisation: The government claimed that collectivisation had the support of most poor and middle peasants. * The reality was that collectivisation was resisted, not just by the minority of kulaks but the majority of peasants. And their resistance, which often took violent forms, turned mass collectivisation

  1. Explain Trotsky's Contribution to the Success of the Bolsheviks up to 1922

    He was subtle, ruthless and manipulative in getting what he wanted. It was these traits that led to his success. Leon Trotsky's real name was Lev Dadovitch Bronstein. He was born in 1879, and was the son of Jewish farmers.

  2. "Why was Mussolini able to get to power in 1922?"

    The economy had been placed under an enormous strain and the country's limited economic resources had struggled to equip and feed the armed forces. Furthermore, Italy was hit in the post-war period by hyperinflation and strikes in the factories. *(Dictionary: A radical political movement that advocated bringing industry and government

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work