• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did Henry VII's dealings with other countries help to strengthen his position at home?

Extracts from this document...


How did Henry VII's dealings with other countries help to strengthen his position at home? A major part of any King's role is to gain the support of the people, without this the threat of uprising and usurpation is much greater. Also England was in a time of great instability as it had had five kings in 25 years. Following these issues Henry's motivation throughout his reign was the need to secure his dynasty. Henry helped to achieve this goal in the way he dealt with other countries. He had learnt a lot about the workings of diplomacy and court negotiations during his exile and was well placed to deal with foreign threats when he came to power in 1485. Of course what the people wanted always would shape his decisions but he had to find a way to balance these needs, his own needs and the needs of the country as a whole. Henry had no standing army except for the band of mercenaries he fought with at Bosworth and a few garrisons in North England and Calais. This was another factor that shaped his foreign policy as he could ill afford to raise expensive armies to fight with other countries. This was potentially a major problem for Henry as the people had been used to an aggressive posture and had shown their support to this by their willingness to back Edward IV and his campaigns in the Hundred Years war. ...read more.


mutual advantage to their trade; * That neither side would assist France or sign an alliance or treaty with France without the agreement of the other and * that betrothal negotiations for the eventual marriage of Arthur and Catherine would proceed. Before I continue with the Brittany issue I will outline how this treaty benefited the English people in relation to the question. The first point of the treaty is a major benefit to Henry would cut off another avenue of escape for Yorkists or other rebels and would reduce the threat of uprising thus strengthening his position. The second point is a massive, but necessary, commitment for Henry to make. With the power of Spain behind England the threat of invasion decreases, the people feel safer and again Henry's position is strengthened. Easier trade is always good especially with such an economically viable country as Spain and would improve relations further, with English and Spanish people interacting on a regularly basis. The next treaty point I will leave to later in the essay as it has relevance to Brittany. Finally a marriage between two countries as stated in the last point seals the relationship and unites them in a way that cannot be broken Point 4 of the treaty above gives Brittany a much better chance of surviving against France and combined with point 2 it all but guaranties Brittany two allies. ...read more.


Fortunately as Henry had retained some independence relations with France were not damaged. Henry now found himself on amicable or better terms with most of Europe almost completely removing the threat to him. Relations with France were strengthened when the treaty of Etaples was renewed with the new king of France, Louis XII, in 1498. Henry, almost for the first time in his reign looked secure. Also Arthur had reached the age of consent in 1500, he married Catherine by Proxy and then later in 1501 in person massively strengthening Anglo-Spanish relations. Tragically Arthur died in 1502 leaving a 16 year old widow. In the following years Henry's foreign policy deteriorated for reasons beyond his control. The death of his son was the catalyst for this decline however the best aspects did remain such as peace with Scotland and France. From the start of the reign till 1502 Henry's foreign policy was exemplary. What other countries did with powerful armies he accomplished through diplomacy. By 1502 he had removed almost all the threats to his position and it was at this time that he was at his strongest, in the terms of his position. He had only gone into military action with other countries twice. In effect Henry's foreign policy strengthened his position at home and England's in Europe with three main aspects. His treaty with Scotland, Spain and France, which enabled him to bring a relative stability to England. Peter Stone 14/10/2002 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Essay: How serious was the Yorkist threat to Henry VII?

    he received considerable help it was crushed by Henry's forces in the south west. Warbeck was eventually captured but could not be tried for treason (as he was not English), Henry decided to treat him well until he was put in the tower for abusing this trust and finally, in

  2. To what extent can it be argued that threats to Henry VII were as ...

    On the one hand, this meant that he didn't have any loyal supporters and didn't know many people in his household well enough to trust them. On the other hand however, it meant that he wasn't the leader of a court faction and had few enemies (some Yorkists).

  1. Nell Gwyn (Playhouse Cretaures) essay

    By the summer of 1668, Gwyn's affair with the King was well-known, though there was little reason to believe it would last for long. She continued to act at the King's House, her new notoriety drawing larger crowds and encouraging the playwrights to craft more roles specifically for her.

  2. How Secure was Henry VII?

    Lambert Simnel, he was an imposter to the English throne, he met Richard Symonds who trained him to impersonate Richard, Duke of York, younger son of Edward IV, but the plan was changed and Simnel was taken to Ireland, claiming that he was Edward, Earl of Warwick, which would have given him a strong claim to the throne.

  1. The changing position of women and the suffrage question. Revision notes

    * It is difficult to trace the origins of the suffrage movement. The suffrage movement began slowly, with several people in different towns thinking and agitating around similar issues, in this case the vote. Some historians date the movement from 1832, when Mary Smith presented the first women?s suffrage petition to Parliament.

  2. The changing position of women and the suffrage question

    Many Liberal MPs supported these acts, as they believed that women only wanted the vote to secure control over their own money and property, hoping these acts would dissipate this pressure.

  1. Wives & War: To what extent did these two aspects undermine Henry VIIIs rule ...

    As Wooding (2009, pg 265) clearly puts it, ?Henry?s attempts to enhance his authority at home had seriously compromised his effectiveness abroad?. Alternatively there are arguments to counter the point that Henry was unprepared to fight a war abroad as Henry took months of preparation and he invaded France with

  2. How Successful was Edward Carson in His Defense of Unionism During The Third Home ...

    (Lewis, 2006, p. 81) It must be stressed at this point that the evidence shows us, that even though Unionists were in a minority in Ireland, and indeed within the nine counties of Ulster, Carson still manages to negotiate the possibility of concession on Home Rule.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work