• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did Henry VII's dealings with other countries help to strengthen his position at home?

Extracts from this document...


How did Henry VII's dealings with other countries help to strengthen his position at home? A major part of any King's role is to gain the support of the people, without this the threat of uprising and usurpation is much greater. Also England was in a time of great instability as it had had five kings in 25 years. Following these issues Henry's motivation throughout his reign was the need to secure his dynasty. Henry helped to achieve this goal in the way he dealt with other countries. He had learnt a lot about the workings of diplomacy and court negotiations during his exile and was well placed to deal with foreign threats when he came to power in 1485. Of course what the people wanted always would shape his decisions but he had to find a way to balance these needs, his own needs and the needs of the country as a whole. Henry had no standing army except for the band of mercenaries he fought with at Bosworth and a few garrisons in North England and Calais. This was another factor that shaped his foreign policy as he could ill afford to raise expensive armies to fight with other countries. This was potentially a major problem for Henry as the people had been used to an aggressive posture and had shown their support to this by their willingness to back Edward IV and his campaigns in the Hundred Years war. ...read more.


mutual advantage to their trade; * That neither side would assist France or sign an alliance or treaty with France without the agreement of the other and * that betrothal negotiations for the eventual marriage of Arthur and Catherine would proceed. Before I continue with the Brittany issue I will outline how this treaty benefited the English people in relation to the question. The first point of the treaty is a major benefit to Henry would cut off another avenue of escape for Yorkists or other rebels and would reduce the threat of uprising thus strengthening his position. The second point is a massive, but necessary, commitment for Henry to make. With the power of Spain behind England the threat of invasion decreases, the people feel safer and again Henry's position is strengthened. Easier trade is always good especially with such an economically viable country as Spain and would improve relations further, with English and Spanish people interacting on a regularly basis. The next treaty point I will leave to later in the essay as it has relevance to Brittany. Finally a marriage between two countries as stated in the last point seals the relationship and unites them in a way that cannot be broken Point 4 of the treaty above gives Brittany a much better chance of surviving against France and combined with point 2 it all but guaranties Brittany two allies. ...read more.


Fortunately as Henry had retained some independence relations with France were not damaged. Henry now found himself on amicable or better terms with most of Europe almost completely removing the threat to him. Relations with France were strengthened when the treaty of Etaples was renewed with the new king of France, Louis XII, in 1498. Henry, almost for the first time in his reign looked secure. Also Arthur had reached the age of consent in 1500, he married Catherine by Proxy and then later in 1501 in person massively strengthening Anglo-Spanish relations. Tragically Arthur died in 1502 leaving a 16 year old widow. In the following years Henry's foreign policy deteriorated for reasons beyond his control. The death of his son was the catalyst for this decline however the best aspects did remain such as peace with Scotland and France. From the start of the reign till 1502 Henry's foreign policy was exemplary. What other countries did with powerful armies he accomplished through diplomacy. By 1502 he had removed almost all the threats to his position and it was at this time that he was at his strongest, in the terms of his position. He had only gone into military action with other countries twice. In effect Henry's foreign policy strengthened his position at home and England's in Europe with three main aspects. His treaty with Scotland, Spain and France, which enabled him to bring a relative stability to England. Peter Stone 14/10/2002 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Essay: How serious was the Yorkist threat to Henry VII?

    the Lambert Simnel plot because Perkin Warbeck never actually got to a battle to decide. However, we have seen that Warbeck received a lot of help from abroad, especially from Burgundy and Scotland - which must have worried Henry. With also the conspirators allegedly plotting against Henry the Perkin Warbeck

  2. Success of Henry VII in strengthening the financial position of the Crown.

    It arose from the obligation of the king's subjects to help him when the national interest was threatened. It was received, by the king requesting for the parliamentary consent. The usual type of tax levied was a national assessment. Effectiveness of policy.

  1. This essay examines the actions of Charles VII in relation to events pertaining to ...

    In some respects Charles should never have been King as he lost right to any title, even Dauphin, in the Treaty of Troyes.2 By being crowned at the traditional site of French kings, Charles would legitimize his authority and consolidate his power in the eyes of his subjects.

  2. Charlemagne Essay.

    Quentin in 806, the missi oversaw the mobilisation authorities who had to ensure that servers and helpers were notified and their equipment inspected. The process for this was slow, and there was often a major delay between the alert and arrival of the forces at the place of concentration.

  1. Henry IV of France

    Henry IV, and his army was growing exhausted, and Henry had to withdraw from the outskirts of Paris. Soon after his ascension to the throne he fought Charles de Lorraine, duc de Mayenne, who had become head of the League after his brothers death at the hands of Henry III,

  2. Wives & War: To what extent did these two aspects undermine Henry VIIIs rule ...

    This image speculation of Katherine by Bingham (2011, pg 81) is mostly subjective opinion as the devoted nurse imagery had been popularised by the Victorian view of the time, which seems to have progressed to contemporary theories. A most reliable interpretation however in comparison is Porter?s (2010, pg 200)

  1. How Successful was Edward Carson in His Defense of Unionism During The Third Home ...

    It can be said that it would not be have been completely wrong for Liberal observers to allow themselves to think that Carson was engaging them in an elaborate game of bluff. Demographically, three counties in Ulster, Monanagh, Cavan and Donegal had large Nationalist majorities whilst Fermanagh and Tyrone had Catholic majorities by a much smaller margin.

  2. The changing position of women and the suffrage question. Revision notes

    A pro-repeal candidate was selected in his place. Storks then applied for the relatively safe seat of Colchester, again an intense poster and placard campaign was launched against him, it split the Liberal vote and allowed the Tories to take the seat.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work