• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How effective was Henry VII as a monarch?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How effective was Henry VII as a Monarch? Throughout the course of Henry's reign, there were various uprisings against him, not only because he was a usurper to the throne, but also because he had very little history in England. In 1485-86 there were few minor risings in the Midlands and the North, which were of little significance and were dealt with efficiently; Henry showed his seriousness through the execution of Humphrey Stafford after his treacherousness. A more serious threat than the aforementioned was the situation surrounding Lambert Simnel, which was potentially very serious as it led to the Battle of Stoke in 1487. However, after three hours of intense battle the King's army had the Yorkists surrounded, and most of the key leaders were killed. Again, to show his seriousness Henry charged 28 of the opposing nobles with attainder and sentenced Symonds, the orchestrator, to life imprisonment. In 1489 there was a rebellion in York which was a relatively small tax opposed rebellion which Henry was able to deal with, aided by the Earl of Surrey, who defeated the rebels. Here the King used calculated clemency, as he issued pardons to many of the prisoners as a gesture of conciliation to prevent further uprisings. ...read more.

Middle

As well as this, Henry achieved prosperity for his merchants as the trade tariffs between England and Spain were removed. Whilst the treaty of Medina del Campo did have its drawbacks, for example Henry having 'the worst of the bargain', as regaining Normandy and Aquitaine was impractical and unrealistic, he was willing to ignore this so he could reap the benefits of being recognised as an equal by the Catholic Monarchs. The second major treaty was the Treaty of Etaples, signed in 1492 with France. Again, Henry was able to achieve his main aims; security - through Charles' promise to no longer aid any English rebels, money - through the sizeable annual pension from �5000, and recognition as a good monarch, as he was able to establish good terms with France, who had been a traditional enemy of England. The third major treaty was signed with Scotland in 1497, the Truce of Ayton established good terms between England and Scotland, who, like France, had been traditional English enemies for centuries. The main outcomes of this truce were that Henry was able to secure his position, through James IV's promise not to aid any more rebels, and through a marriage seal between James and Henry's eldest daughter, Margaret. ...read more.

Conclusion

All of these policies that were put in place may suggest that Henry had an agenda to deliberately quell the nobility, however it has been argued that nobles still enjoyed much wealth and not much changed for them. I support the view that Henry was conscious of the noble's threat and took the appropriate measures to make sure that they did not step out of line, however, I do not believe that he followed an anti-noble policy as such. In terms of effectiveness, Henry certainly managed to curb the nobility's power, through these various policies, the most important, perhaps, being his financial threats against the nobles, which acted as an example to anybody else who was thinking of abusing their position. In conclusion, the King managed to effectively deal with all rebellions that he came across; although some threats were potentially dangerous he was able to deal these, overall, in a very efficient manner. Similarly, Henry's foreign policy was able to achieve his main aims, with security being the most important of these. Lastly, the King developed several policies that effectively limited the power of the nobility in such a manner that he was able to diminish potential threats. These points being considered, Henry was a very efficient monarch when taking into consideration the instability of his position. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Henry VII and His Money.

    Thus, once a bishop died, Henry tried to keep the position vacant as long as possible. This practice, as we shall see in Study Unit 4, certainly offered no benefits to the Church. To make matters worse from the Church's point of view, Henry, like so many of his predecessors,

  2. Essay: How serious was the Yorkist threat to Henry VII?

    Warbeck turned to Margaret of Burgundy, who yet again becomes involved in plots against Henry and she teaches him in the ways of the Yorkists. This already proves to be a very serious threat from the Yorkists as Warbeck has support yet again from Burgundy and foreign support is increased

  1. This essay examines the actions of Charles VII in relation to events pertaining to ...

    Although his decision to stall his arrival to Rheims did not impact the symbolic importance of the event, this pattern of pessimism, regarding Joan's intentions, grew to the point that some aristocrats saw Joan to be a greater threat than the English or Burgundians.18 These changing attitudes were later demonstrated

  2. Shakespeare Portrays Henry V as the Model Monarch

    However Henry refuses and the attack on Harfleur begins, we are reminded to use our imaginations once again and the play continues. Henry rallies his men for an assault on Harfleur and gives one of his famous speeches showing he is a natural leader and is very articulate with his men.

  1. How Secure was Henry VII?

    Margaret of Burgundy also supported Simnel as she was brother of Richard III and wanted to see the Lancastrians defeated. When Simnel was caught he was pardoned, which suggested he was just a puppet in the hands of the Yorkists.

  2. Changes in Crime and Punishment.

    In the eighteenth century goods like tea, coffee and spices were smuggled into the country. Smuggling in the eighteenth century was harmless and had a good purpose. However in the twentieth century smuggling had no benefits. In the twentieth century beer and other such items such as cigarettes were smuggled into the country so as to avoid tax.

  1. Securing the Tudor Dynasty: The Reign of Henry VII.

    "defend against any enemy". In practice this term makes the French threat traditionally coming through Scotland less threatening because now Henry has a powerful ally and so Henry has reduced a threat to his dynasty. The actual treaty itself is also very defensive in nature, this suggests that both countries

  2. Was Henry VII a successful monarch?

    The rebels landed in June 1487 but before they had a chance to consolidate their forces. Henry met and defeated them at the battle of Stoke on 16th June (when the Earl of Lincoln was killed). Four years later, however, a new imposter was put forward.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work