• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far do you agree that Mussolinis foreign policy in the Years 1933-41 was a complete failure?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How far do you agree that Mussolini?s foreign policy in the Years 1933-41 was a complete failure? In 1925, Mussolini said that he wanted Italy to be ?Great, Feared and respected.? As time went on, he took on many ventures to try and secure this. Despite this, his main ideal was to be a ?Modern Julius Caesar? a leader who would be loved by his people and be successful in the countries eyes. Looking at way Mussolini carried out his foreign policy up to 1941, it was a failure. This came as a result of ill thought out ventures on top of weak resources and strength. Italy?s greatest foreign policy success was the invasion of Abyssinia in 1936. Italy sent 500,000 men to a place that had once defeated them in 1896 and come out successful. On the other hand Mussolini was breaking UN regulations by using harmful mustard gas on towns and villages. The win was widely regarded in Italy as Mussolini?s greatest success and the start of Italy?s new Roman Empire. ...read more.

Middle

After an Italian general was assassinated over a border dispute Mussolini took this as an opportunity to take action against a country of which tension had been mounting for a long time. Despite the fact it killed many civilians and outraged Greece and the League of Nations. Italy refused to leave the island without being paid 50 million Lira in compensation even after the British threatened naval action. The public view of this was incredibly positive, showing that Italy could not be pushed around and started to show other European countries that they may be a much stronger ally than in World War One. Despite trying to be successful military wise, Mussolini also wanted to be seen as a man people listened to and respected. He did this by trying to be a diplomat for Europe, The first evidence of this was when he called together Germany, Britain and France in 1933 to create the Four Power Pact to rival the League of Nations. Due to the fact Italy had little power over international relations in Europe; the treaty came to nothing and was the fist sign that Mussolini in actuality held no power at all in Europe. ...read more.

Conclusion

On top of this it further strained relationships with Britain and France, as Italy got closer to an German Alliance. Mussolini was pushed for allies in the run up to World war two and Mussolini had only two options, Spain, (a country still recovering from a debilitating civil war) or Germany, the strong industrialised super power of Europe. Mussolini had certainly improved Italy?s military presence since the Liberal State, but unlike his foreign policy goals, Italy more often than not was seen as an after thought rather than a big player. As well as this, in terms of his love from the people, it was substantial but a lot of the prestige that he gained after these events mainly came from successful propaganda rather than decisive and strong victories. This meant that his government was standing on a very unstable support. This shows definitively that Mussolini?s foreign policy was a failure due to the fact that however well the propaganda marketed these ?victories? to the German people, Mussolini did not have the resources, industry or leadership to become the feared and respected Nation that he and the rest of the country wanted. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Assess the successes and failures of Mussolini's domestic policy.

    5 star(s)

    average Italian's life, and has failed to fascitise the population economically as well. Politically, there were no surprises in the policies that Mussolini adopted. His policies were anti-communist and anti-capitalist, and used the system of corporatism and a Fascist Grand Council to run the country.

  2. How successful was Mussolini's foreign policy between 1922 and 1939?

    When Mussolini linked with Franco to fight against the socialist government in Spain, tensions increased. Mussolini had felt that his support for Franco was just as he was a fellow fascist but it is said that Mussolini went into this war to show off to the Italian people how powerful and successful he was a he thought he would win.

  1. 'In reality he achieved very little.' How far do you agree with this judgment ...

    Despite this, most art portrayed a strong fascist Italy. The National Fascist Cultural Institute was introduced in 1926, with the aim to develop cultural autarky. Writers were forced to join the Fascist Writers Syndicate, in order to prevent any anti-fascist writings.

  2. "Foreign success; domestic failure." How fair is this summary of Bismarck's governance of Germany

    Russia sought to assist Slavic resistance over Turkish authority and also to profit from Turkey's weakness by controlling the Straits, the Bospherus and Dardanelle. Austria was opposed to the expansion of Russian power so close to her territories. Russia's encouragement of Slav nationalism would also serve as a threat to national groups in the Habsburg Empire.

  1. The outbreak of war in Europe in 1914 was due to an aggressive German ...

    However, this evidence is questionable, there are few records of this meeting and so it is not clear what was discussed; the importance of the meeting is also highly suspect as the political course taken during the July Crisis of 1914 supposedly differs totally from that which was laid out

  2. History - Mussolini's Rise to Power

    the left's potential through propaganda on which Cassels importantly remarked, 'the threat it Italy was almost entirely illusory' (1 pg. 34). This could be challenged by the fact that the left still did have the potential to achieve revolution due to numerical advantages, and still posed a probable threat because of influences such as the Comintern and popular workers' support.

  1. To what extent would you agree that Mussolinis invasion of Abyssinia was his greatest ...

    In August 1923 an Italian general and four of his staff were assassinated in Greece. They had been working for the international boundary commission set up under the terms of the peace settlement and were advising on the precise, location of the new Greek-Albanian border.

  2. How far do you agree that Mussolini's foreign policy was a failure from the ...

    Mussolini?s intervention of this war was to achieve dominance over the Mediterranean, to spread fascism abroad, stop French left-wing influence in Spain and to gain an ally in a strategic area. In the battle of Guadalajara, in March 1937, Italian troops were defeated and 400 soldiers were killed and 1,800

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work