• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far do you agree that Mussolinis foreign policy in the Years 1933-41 was a complete failure?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How far do you agree that Mussolini?s foreign policy in the Years 1933-41 was a complete failure? In 1925, Mussolini said that he wanted Italy to be ?Great, Feared and respected.? As time went on, he took on many ventures to try and secure this. Despite this, his main ideal was to be a ?Modern Julius Caesar? a leader who would be loved by his people and be successful in the countries eyes. Looking at way Mussolini carried out his foreign policy up to 1941, it was a failure. This came as a result of ill thought out ventures on top of weak resources and strength. Italy?s greatest foreign policy success was the invasion of Abyssinia in 1936. Italy sent 500,000 men to a place that had once defeated them in 1896 and come out successful. On the other hand Mussolini was breaking UN regulations by using harmful mustard gas on towns and villages. The win was widely regarded in Italy as Mussolini?s greatest success and the start of Italy?s new Roman Empire. ...read more.

Middle

After an Italian general was assassinated over a border dispute Mussolini took this as an opportunity to take action against a country of which tension had been mounting for a long time. Despite the fact it killed many civilians and outraged Greece and the League of Nations. Italy refused to leave the island without being paid 50 million Lira in compensation even after the British threatened naval action. The public view of this was incredibly positive, showing that Italy could not be pushed around and started to show other European countries that they may be a much stronger ally than in World War One. Despite trying to be successful military wise, Mussolini also wanted to be seen as a man people listened to and respected. He did this by trying to be a diplomat for Europe, The first evidence of this was when he called together Germany, Britain and France in 1933 to create the Four Power Pact to rival the League of Nations. Due to the fact Italy had little power over international relations in Europe; the treaty came to nothing and was the fist sign that Mussolini in actuality held no power at all in Europe. ...read more.

Conclusion

On top of this it further strained relationships with Britain and France, as Italy got closer to an German Alliance. Mussolini was pushed for allies in the run up to World war two and Mussolini had only two options, Spain, (a country still recovering from a debilitating civil war) or Germany, the strong industrialised super power of Europe. Mussolini had certainly improved Italy?s military presence since the Liberal State, but unlike his foreign policy goals, Italy more often than not was seen as an after thought rather than a big player. As well as this, in terms of his love from the people, it was substantial but a lot of the prestige that he gained after these events mainly came from successful propaganda rather than decisive and strong victories. This meant that his government was standing on a very unstable support. This shows definitively that Mussolini?s foreign policy was a failure due to the fact that however well the propaganda marketed these ?victories? to the German people, Mussolini did not have the resources, industry or leadership to become the feared and respected Nation that he and the rest of the country wanted. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Assess the successes and failures of Mussolini's domestic policy.

    5 star(s)

    of the majority of the population; strikes were abolished, there as no minimum wage, and unemployment was still at 1 million in 1933. Industrialists and landlords did benefit from the policy of protectionism, but this is a small minority of the population; once more Mussolini has failed to influence the

  2. How effective was Mussolini's Foreign Policy from 1922- 1945.

    strong country, which gave Mussolini more potential for a profound Foreign Policy. "Hitler seemed putty in his hands" (Burgwyn), but this was not entirely true. Mussolini agreed with Hitler that he could take Sudetenland if he did not go to war against Britain and France.

  1. History - Mussolini's Rise to Power

    But, the government had no firm leadership, with many changes of Prime Minister and a decadent, corrupt reputation. Their weak response to the antagonistic threats of both Fascism and Socialism was essential concerning Mussolini's growing influence. The cases are intertwined in a way that the liberal government's inability to challenge

  2. Why did Mussolini's Fascist Party become popular in Italy after the First World War?

    the Pope agreed to accept the Fascists and Mussolini agreed that the Catholic religion would be taught in every Italian school. He also promised to pay the salaries of Catholic priests and set up the Vatican City in Rome. This convinced many Italians that they should support Mussolini.

  1. Why was the league so ineffective in dealing with the Abyssinian Crisis?

    They even let Italy use the Suez Canal to supply their army; they could have closed it which would probably have stopped the Italian invasion outright. Secretly Britain and France agreed a plan that they thought would bring the invasion to an end.

  2. How successful was Mussolini's foreign policy between 1922 and 1939?

    become ours, that Rome should be the directing city of civilisations in the whole of Western Europe.' However, despite the hype it causes back home, the truth was the four-power Pact was pointless. As a result Mussolini's secret attempt to create an empire crumble.

  1. How far do David Low’s cartoons show the reasons for the failure of the ...

    Americans feared about the economic cost of joining the League. America had become a powerful country through isolationism and if they were to join the League, economic sanctions against a country would surely be at a loss to the US.

  2. "Foreign success; domestic failure." How fair is this summary of Bismarck's governance of Germany

    Alsace-Lorraine became a special region under direct imperial rue with a governor and Prussian civil servants. The German Language was imposed in schools and local administration. However, this issue was not resolved, yet Bismarck saw the threat of the Centre Party in 1871 as a greater danger to the unity of the new Empire.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work