• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far do you agree that propaganda and compromise were more important than force and intimidation in Mussolini's consolidation of power 1924-9?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How far do you agree that propaganda and compromise were more important than force and intimidation in Mussolini's consolidation of power 1924-29? In the consolidation of his power Mussolini used both propaganda and compromise, and force and intimidation. The fascists had used propaganda from the beginning of their rise to power, maybe not as effectively as the Bolsheviks in Russia, but it had been key to their seizure of control. However I feel that Mussolini placed more importance on fear and intimidation as tools in the period when he was consolidating his power. One of the most significant examples of Mussolini's effective use of force and intimidation upon Italy is that of the Matteoti Crisis of 1924. After a 30 minute speech in the chamber of deputies denouncing the fascist party for their violence during the elections he left knowing he had signed his own death warrant. The murder of Matteoti - discovered 2 months later - was traced back to be the work of Mussolini's secret hit squad 'the Cheka'. Ironically, Mussolini's use of force against Matteoti eventually worked in his favour rather than against it. The mistakes of the socialists also played a key role in Mussolini's triumphant materialization from the Matteoti Crisis. ...read more.

Middle

The King was the sole person who had the power to put an end to Mussolini's March on Rome by sending in the army to take a stand, however the King overestimated the strength of the Fascist forces and feared his intervention may cause a civil war within Italy. The current Prime Minister - Facta was denied his request for martial law by the King, and as a result, resigned from his position and the King was given no alternative but to offer the place to Mussolini. These events, which took place at the March on Rome, were instrumental to Mussolini's rise to power. In order to appear a strong and determined leader, Mussolini relayed his success as the result of pure power in numbers and intimidation. However it appears to be the product of a weak King who made miscalculations regarding the strength of the Fascist movement, "The March on Rome...was a show of strength...this show of strength would have failed if the King had opposed it"2 supporting my point that it was the King's underestimation of the Fascist's strength which created an unwillingness to take action against them. Fear and force has been shown already to have had a huge input into the consolidation of Mussolini's power, however, the question remains as to whether he could have succeeded with those 'tools' alone. ...read more.

Conclusion

One of the most successful forms of propaganda produced by the Fascist party was the Dopolavoro, which was set up in 1925. It was an organisation set up to provide state-sponsored after work entertainment, touring around the country to reach all the Italian people and promote the idea of Fascism. This illustrates aspects of the Fascist regime who's aim was total control over all aspects of the Italian's lives as it aimed to reach people in all parts of the country in order to manipulate their political agendas. The Dopolavoro proved to be very popular with the Italian people and took the fascist ideals to areas where support would have been weak and other ideals still survived underground - this was successful propaganda and contributed largely to the consolidation of power. Mussolini's initial rise to power was brought about by using strong fear and force tactics to bully the Italian people into accepting his almost autocratic role as leader, in a country that had already had an established democracy for a number of years this was quite an extraordinary feat. However the constant use of propaganda, and in places, compromise to portray the deity-like figure of 'Il Duce' must have been equally important in the consolidation and holding of power by the Fascist party and Mussolini. 1 Mussolini's First Speech as Prime Minister, 1922 2 G. Carocci Tristan Lochman History Summer Homework ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Hitler's use of propaganda.

    In contrast, the British and Americans had been right to portray the Germans as Huns6 and barbarians because their soldiers would then be prepared for the horrors of battle7. Hitler was also impressed by the way that Allied propaganda conceived entirely for the masses and tirelessly repeated.

  2. How Successfully did Mussolini Consolidate Fascist Power between 1922 and 1925?

    The Elite provided essential support for Mussolini. He had them on his side by providing tax loopholes and land reform but they also supported him for other reasons. The ever increasing (though really non-existent)

  1. To what extent did Mussolini consolidation of power in Italy between 1922 and 1928 ...

    Other sections of the elite also continued to support Mussolini, fearing the alternative. Even the Liberals stood by him, believing that crises gave them an opportunity to increase their influence over the government. With this royal support, Mussolini returned from hiding as felt strong enough to take on his opponents.

  2. What methods were used by the Bolsheviks to maintain their power to 1924? How ...

    This can be seen as success as well as failure as they will gain support from peasants (the majority of their population), which will help secure there position but also lose trust and support from their own party members who disagreed with the decision which would create a degree of

  1. Propaganda was the key factor in the consolidation of the Fascist regime in Italy ...

    Another critical area for Fascist control was education. Mussolini's government kept strict control over the school curriculum and any teachers who criticised Mussolini or Fascist ideas were removed. School children were taught not to question but to obey, in preparation for obey to the Fascist state as they grew older.

  2. Free essay

    The consolidation of power

    6 Political Parties banned - 14 July 1933 The Law against the Formation of Parties declared the Nazi Party the only political party in Germany. All other parties were banned, and their leaders were put in prison. 7 Night of the Long Knives - 30 June 1934 The SA were

  1. Nazi consolidation of power in 1933 was primarily due to their use of violence ...

    any change in the current Weimar Constitution required a two-thirds majority in the Reichstag. However, despite this major constitutional obstacle, Hitler came up with a new way to consolidate Nazi power in 1933, which perhaps challenges the use of violence and terror to a strong extent.

  2. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    However, there were problems? 1. Recovery was uneven. Production in central & southern regions recovered more slowly than in the eastern and northern regions. Sugar beet, fruit & vegetables recovered much quicker than grain production. 2. Richer peasants taxed more heavily than poorer peasants, meaning many peasants tried to hide

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work