• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far do you agree that the actions of the USSR were primarily responsible for the division of Germany in 1949?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How far do you agree that the actions of the USSR were primarily responsible for the division of Germany in 1949? After the end of World War Two there were many meetings, including the Potsdam Conference, between the leaders of England, America and the USSR. It could be argued that the actions of the USSR were primarily responsible for the division of Germany in 1949, however this could be debated. Personally I think the actions of the USSR were primarily responsible. One of the reasons why the actions of the USSR were primarily responsible is due to Stalin's determination and need for a buffer zone for the USSR. The Battle of Berlin alone had resulted in over 300,000 casualties for the USSR and they had suffered more deaths in the war than England and America and so felt they needed the security more. Taking harsh reparations from Germany would render it weak and unable to attack again, providing the security that Stalin needed. ...read more.

Middle

A final reason was due to Stalin imposing the Berlin Blockade which led to Cold War tensions, the creation of NATO and the FRG. In June 1948, in response to the currency reforms, Stalin blocked all land and water routes to the Western zones and West Berlin, meaning that the USA and England had to fly in resources to the inhabitants there. At the height of the blockade, a plane left Tempelhof airport every 90 seconds, and the people of West Berlin were supplied with food and fuel. The Berlin Airlift made the division impossible to avoid, and it was due to this that the beginning of NATO was discussed. Stalin had essentially split Berlin of his own accord, showing that it was the actions of the USSR that were primarily responsible. On the other hand, the events and future of Germany were due to the wider context of Cold War rivalry. It is unknown as to whether or not the division was planned at the Potsdam conference or not or if the formal decision to split Germany remained open until a letter from Stalin in 1952. ...read more.

Conclusion

The creation of bi-zonia, meaning two zones, had also split up the country which was not all the USSR's idea, showing that it would be unfair to suggest that it was mainly the actions of the USSR that caused the divide in Germany in 1949. Stalin thought that this was created as an anti-Soviet area and so felt threatened, in response trying to build up his area of Germany for security as a 'buffer' zone. His proposal in 1947 for a German government was rejected in order to stop communism, so to Stalin it would have felt like all of the allies were against him. To conclude, I think that it was the USSR's actions that were primarily responsible for the divide in Germany in 1949 because Stalin didn't respond to problems well. By the Berlin Blockade he made the division inevitable since the US and England had to fly supplies into the area. As well as this he promoted communism in his area when the US had clearly said that was the last thing they wanted and were fully intent on trying to stop communism throughout the world. ?? ?? ?? ?? Devon Harper 12JXM ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

This is a balanced response which considers the key points on both sides of the debate. There could be more specific detail in places, including the use of dates and statistics. Some of the arguments could be developed further. 3 out of 5 stars.

Marked by teacher Natalya Luck 17/09/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The collapse of the USSR was caused by internal problems and had nothing to ...

    4 star(s)

    This crippled the USSR?s ability to sustain and develop herself, which resulted in the protracted decline of the USSR and after some time its collapse. Thus, it is evident that the foundational factors of the Soviet economy, an internal factor, and containment, an external factor as part of the Cold

  2. Marked by a teacher

    How far do you agree that Lenins leadership was the main reason why the ...

    4 star(s)

    This made it extremely easy for the Bolsheviks to gain power. So the lack of support for the Provisional Government by the armed forces was another helping hand in the Bolsheviks quest for power, this again was not due to Lenin's leadership skills.

  1. To what extent was Hitler solely responsible for the Holocaust

    Functionalist historians such as Hans Mommsen have stressed the view that there was no formal order given to carry out the final solution, with Martin Broszat also sharing a similar view claiming that there was no 'comprehensive general extermination order at all'4.

  2. Assessing the impact of the first world war on international relations in the decade ...

    the then leaders were not ready to help each other, the reparations problem for a time ceased to be merely a question between Allied forces and Germany and resolved itself into a diplomatic conflict between the British and French government.The problems arise because Britain wanted Germany to regain her prosperity

  1. How did world war II affect America ?

    He threatened to remove contracts if not followed. Also the CORE was set up, black people's expectations rose and they became more active. FEPC threatened to take away contracts if black people weren't employed. The National association for the advancement of coloured people grew ten times over.

  2. Which part of the Treaty of Versailles caused more anger in Germany?

    If the war guilt clause had not been dumped on Germany they may had kept all of their territory and money, or maybe even shared blame, Germany would not have lost as much.

  1. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    * Germany agreed to allow France a free hand in Morocco and the French handed over some land in Central Africa. Germany was given the Cameroons as compensation. * After the Second Crisis, relations between Germany and Britain and France began to improve and the threat of war died down.

  2. Why Was The Great War Not Over By Christmas 1914?

    Also, much of the German army consisted of men who had been conscripted, which wouldn't have made them as enthusiastic to fight well. They were also many other reasons why the Schlieffen Plan wasn't successful. One of the main reasons was that the plan depended on the right wing of the German forces attacking France through Belgium and Holland.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work