• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far do you agree with the view that Lenins leadership was the main reason for Bolshevik success in October 1917?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Bolsheviks were an extremist party who ultimately took over the rule of Russia in 1917. They were led by Lenin, who was an excellent leader in many ways, and it was widely acknowledged that he was the ultimate reason for the Bolshevik success in 1917. However, this opinion has been revised more recently, as other factors, including the temporary nature of Provisional Government, the desperation of the people due to the First World War and the influence of other major Bolshevik leaders, among others. Lenin was an excellent leader who was attractive to the mass of the people in Russia, which gained the party support and led to the Bolshevik success in October 1917. He was incredibly intelligent and was an excellent orator, meaning that he was able to communicate his complex ideas to the people very simply, in terms that were relevant to them and that they could understand. He also dressed shabbily, despite the fact that he was from a very well-off family. ...read more.

Middle

Lenin also exploited the weaknesses of the Provisional Government. This meant that his party looked stronger than the current political leadership and that he gained support from the already angry citizens of Russia. Lenin was the ultimate strategist of the October Revolution, making his party look stronger and more organised than the other parties, meaning that they were more likely to gain support because of how strong their party looked. However, when it came to the actual revolution, Lenin had little idea of what was going on, and his confusion was almost detrimental to the success of Bolsheviks in October 1917. This suggested that there was a lack of organization and communication with the party, and presented potential supporters with a contradiction, which may cause them not to support the party. There are a number of other reasons to suggest that Lenin was not, in fact, the main reason for the Bolshevik success in October 1917. He was in exile for the majority of 1917, meaning that other party leaders, particularly Trotsky, had a major influence over the party politics. ...read more.

Conclusion

There are several other reasons for the success of the Bolshevik party which individually appear to have little to do with Lenin. The Kornilov Revolt made the party look like national patriots, and gained them much support in time for the October revolution. The temporary nature of the Provisional Government was also a contributing factor , who were essentially just ?looking after? the country until a constitutional assembly could be established meant that it was weak. This meant that the ruthless Bolsheviks could easily overthrow this government. It was also the first instance of democratic rule in Russia, which increased the chances of power going to the most flexible and ruthless party; the Bolsheviks. In Conclusion, I feel that Lenin is the ultimate reason for the Bolshevik success in October 1917, despite the fact that there were a large number of contributing factors which he was not responsible for. He was able to make the party seem accessible to the majority of Russians, and took advantage of every possible factor which presented itself to the Bolshevik party, making them look as strong and reliable as physically possible. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. How important was Lenin to the success of the October 1917 Revolution?

    However, the way that he was significant differed greatly between these two times. In order to determine whether the figure of Lenin was more significant in 1917 or the years that immediately followed, we must consider that they were two very different times and so the role of Lenin changes between them.

  2. Reasons for Napoleon's Success (to 1807).

    * All Napoleon's campaigns were conducted using the weapons of the Ancien Regime. * The musket was still the standard infantry weapon - a smooth-bored, muzzle-loading flintlock firing lead bullets, and fitted with a bayonet. Its firepower was limited, its rate of fire slow and its accuracy poor except at close range.

  1. How far was the First World War the main cause of the fall of ...

    lead to his downfall as this led the people to believe that the government was incompetent and wanted a more representative government. With all of this combined, many people became even more dissatisfied with the Tsarist system that was too ineffective under Nicholas and more and more people lost their loyalty to him.

  2. The Significance of Lenin in the Bolshevik Revolution (1917-1923)

    paired each Tsarist with a loyal Bolshevik commissar, known as a 'Politruk'. The officers could not give orders unless a Politruk approved them. He also imposed the harsher measure of taking hostage of one member from a Tsarist officer's family, a fierce tactic that worked quite well and gave him control of his army.

  1. To what extent was Lenin's leadership the main reason for Bolshevik success in 1917?

    His patience in gathering followers and anticipating the effects of fewer followers clearly defines Lenin as a remarkable leader and the main reason for the Bolshevik success. He sought to gather more followers by his issuing of the April theses which were a series of policies, designed to exploit the

  2. Lenin's leadership was the main reason why the Bolsheviks were able to seize power ...

    Crucially it gave the Bolsheviks the excuse for action as they claimed that Kerensky was attacking the Soviet; destroying what popularity Kerensky had left and forcing him to flee. Failing to deal with the Kornilov affair and the underestimation of Bolshevik power created a power vacuum that only the Bolsheviks could fill.

  1. The Bolsheviks were able to seize power in October 1917 mainly because of the ...

    After the events of the ?July Days? Kerensky made an attempt to assert control over events and appointed Kornilov as Commander in Chief to reassert discipline into the army. This measure was too reactionary for the Mensheviks and social revolutionaries who were now part of the government, but Kornilov was jailed as a hero by the right.

  2. Assess Lenin's strengths and weaknesses as leader of Russia from 1917 to 1924.

    The following day, Lenin then introduced the April theses, Lenin made promises to the people on what was to be done, and what the provisional government were not doing. This gained the Bolsheviks mass support from the soldiers, workers and peasantry.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work