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How far do you agree with the view that the development of the Cold War in the years 1945-8 owed more to Soviet expansionism than to USAs economic interests?

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Introduction

How far do you agree with the view that the development of the Cold War in the years 1945-8 owed more to Soviet expansionism than to USA?s economic interests? My opinion is that the development of the Cold War was due to Soviet expansionism rather than the USA?s economic interests in the years 1945-48. The Sources all present to some extent the idea that Soviet expansionism was to blame. Source 7 argues Soviet expansionism as the most important factor as it claims that the USSR were ?seeking to expand its influence into Western Europe? and so causing Western Attitudes to increasingly worsen. However there is still evidence in the sources to support the view that the USA?s economic interests owed more to the development of the Cold War in the years 1945-48. For example in source 8 it suggests that the USA wanted a war with the USSR to help its economy, emphasising the impact of Truman?s ?military industrial complex? on aggressive foreign policy which played a huge role in the development of the Cold War. ...read more.

Middle

Although we could argue that the Marshall plan was simply dollar imperialism, and through money the USA was controlling other countries, and as such it can be argued that the USA was acting in its own economic interests. But the evidence given in these sources would greatly support the view that Soviet expansionism did owe more to the development of the Cold War than the USA?s economic interests. However there is evidence in the sources to counter this argument and show how it was the USA?s economic interests which owed more to the development of the Cold War in the years 1945-8. Source 8 claims that the US wanted a war with the USSR due to the ?important economic advantages for the USA in starting a cold war? and because they ?feared a depression after the Cold War?. Source 8 claims that the US government, ?As a result, the USSR was portrayed as aggressive and threatening? to allow huge spending on arms. ...read more.

Conclusion

To conclude the development of the Cold war owed more to Soviet expansionism than the USA?s economic interests. Although there is a strong argument that the USA?s economic interests did have a large impact on the development of the Cold War. For example the military industrial complex pressuring the government into painting the Soviets as evil in Churchill?s iron curtain speech, which allowed them to keep up spending on arms. However the Soviet Expansionism into Czechoslovakia, one of the last democratic countries left in Eastern Europe, scared the American?s into action, having the most dramatic impact on the development of the Cold War. Although it could be argued that it was a lack of understanding that caused the greatest development of the Cold War. This is shown in source 7 where it claims no one in the west ?was sure of the USSR?s intentions? and they ?assumed? that the USSR wanted to expand into the rest of Europe, whereas they just wanted defence, but in creating a buffer zone, walked into the trap of arousing further suspicions from the USA. ...read more.

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