• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far do you agree with the view that the development of the Cold War in the years 1945-8 owed more to Soviet expansionism than to USAs economic interests?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How far do you agree with the view that the development of the Cold War in the years 1945-8 owed more to Soviet expansionism than to USA?s economic interests? My opinion is that the development of the Cold War was due to Soviet expansionism rather than the USA?s economic interests in the years 1945-48. The Sources all present to some extent the idea that Soviet expansionism was to blame. Source 7 argues Soviet expansionism as the most important factor as it claims that the USSR were ?seeking to expand its influence into Western Europe? and so causing Western Attitudes to increasingly worsen. However there is still evidence in the sources to support the view that the USA?s economic interests owed more to the development of the Cold War in the years 1945-48. For example in source 8 it suggests that the USA wanted a war with the USSR to help its economy, emphasising the impact of Truman?s ?military industrial complex? on aggressive foreign policy which played a huge role in the development of the Cold War. ...read more.

Middle

Although we could argue that the Marshall plan was simply dollar imperialism, and through money the USA was controlling other countries, and as such it can be argued that the USA was acting in its own economic interests. But the evidence given in these sources would greatly support the view that Soviet expansionism did owe more to the development of the Cold War than the USA?s economic interests. However there is evidence in the sources to counter this argument and show how it was the USA?s economic interests which owed more to the development of the Cold War in the years 1945-8. Source 8 claims that the US wanted a war with the USSR due to the ?important economic advantages for the USA in starting a cold war? and because they ?feared a depression after the Cold War?. Source 8 claims that the US government, ?As a result, the USSR was portrayed as aggressive and threatening? to allow huge spending on arms. ...read more.

Conclusion

To conclude the development of the Cold war owed more to Soviet expansionism than the USA?s economic interests. Although there is a strong argument that the USA?s economic interests did have a large impact on the development of the Cold War. For example the military industrial complex pressuring the government into painting the Soviets as evil in Churchill?s iron curtain speech, which allowed them to keep up spending on arms. However the Soviet Expansionism into Czechoslovakia, one of the last democratic countries left in Eastern Europe, scared the American?s into action, having the most dramatic impact on the development of the Cold War. Although it could be argued that it was a lack of understanding that caused the greatest development of the Cold War. This is shown in source 7 where it claims no one in the west ?was sure of the USSR?s intentions? and they ?assumed? that the USSR wanted to expand into the rest of Europe, whereas they just wanted defence, but in creating a buffer zone, walked into the trap of arousing further suspicions from the USA. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Free essay

    The development of the international economy in the period 1945-2000 favoured rich countries at ...

    4 star(s)

    As such, their single-minded emphasis on this only contributed to the exclusion of aid for the LDCs for at least the first 10 years. Even as there were attempts to provide assistance to LDCs, these neo-liberal principles were unsuitable to their unstable states.

  2. How far was the USSR responsible for the outbreak of the Cold War?

    On the other hand, the USA's role in causing the Cold War cannot be taken too lightly either. It may be argued that they actually provoked Stalin to impose a blockade on West Berlin by taking what were perceived by Stalin as hostile measures to show the West's supremacy.

  1. American economic foreign policy and the origins of the cold war

    corporations needed access to cheap overseas raw materials in order to remain competitive. Therefore, the call for inexpensive capital further demonstrates the American awareness of the interdependence between the international economy and the need for foreign trade to ensure domestic prosperity and security.

  2. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    It is difficult to avoid the conclusion that he planned-in a very Machiavellian way-to use rhetoric and appearances as a means of disguising his true intention: to pursue a strategy of self-interest. It seems less clear that Truman had either the subtlety or the wish to follow a similarly Machiavellian course.

  1. How far do you agree with the view that the development of the Cold ...

    At Yalta the Allies agreed to allow liberated countries of Eastern Europe to hold elections to determine what political system they want to follow. Between 1945-1947 most of the elections occurred where coalition governments were formed with Communist governments. 1946 onwards Stalin did not wish to see these coalition governments.

  2. Discuss Trotsky's View that War was the Locomotive of History (1855-1914)

    with sooner rather than later, and even produced a resolute fear of future revolution that also contributed to the creation of Emancipation and other reforms. The Russo-Japanese War was a disaster for Russia in many senses, not just military. The Russo-Japanese War showed up Russia as it was; as a

  1. How far did peaceful coexistence ease Cold War tensions between the Soviet Union and ...

    of nuclear weapons against communist aggression, the policy of brinkmanship and the use of covert operations. The policy of brinkmanship, explained by Dulles, was the art of going as close to the brink of war as possible, and that if one backed away from confrontation they would be lost and

  2. How far do you agree with the view that the origins of the Cold ...

    tension between the opposing sides because the governmental structures of communism and capitalism were very distinctive.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work