• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far was the Russo-Japanese war responsible for the 1905 revolution?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How far was the Russo-Japanese war responsible for the 1905 revolution? There are many reasons for the start of the 1905 revolution even dating back from Alexander II's reign. Tsar Alexander began his reign in 1855 when Russia was defeated by Britain and France in the Crimean war. He thought that the main reason for the Russian defeat was the backwards economic and social system; most of the labour forces were serfs who were ignorant. In order to strengthen the dynasty, he decided to carry out a number of reforms to modernise the archaic institutions of Russia. These were the emancipation of the serfs, the creation of the Zemstva and others such as the abolition of military colonies, relaxation of the censorship of books and the widened basis of entry to secondary schools. According to the emancipation of the Serfs, the serfs were not only freed but granted a certain portion of noble's estates. The Nobles that lost their states were then compensated by the government. ...read more.

Middle

Although a lot of them gave up their jobs and houses to become rural teachers in the villages by teaching the Peasants social creed, they failed. This was because the peasants still thought that the Tsar would eventually bring them reforms. They were also afraid of the police and even handed in some of the intellectuals to the police. On March 13, 1881, Alexander II was assassinated by members of the 'Will of the people' When Alexander III died in 1894, he was succeeded by his son Nicholas II. He was the last Tsar. He still believed that it was a sacred duty to uphold the principle of autocracy, but he was unsuitable to be an autocrat. He was weak and indecisive and easily succumbed to the influences of stronger personalities. There was also the start of more virulent discontented groups which presented a greater challenge to Tsardom. The five groups were: the proletariat class in the industrial towns, the Marxist-orientated revolutionary parties, the middle-class political parties, the subversive groups among the national minorities and the peasants in the countryside. ...read more.

Conclusion

The corruption and inefficiency of the government were exposed in the conduct of the war. Transportation broke down and things such as bread prices soared. The Tsarist government was totally discredited in the eyes of the Russian people. In July 1904, shortly after the Russian defeat at the Yalu, the unpopular minister of the interior, Plehve, was assassinated by the Social Revolutionary terrorists. As war continued, discontent multiplied. When Port Arthur fell discontent reached almost the breaking point. There was much labour unrest in St.Petersburg due to the rise in prices of food and other daily necessities. On January 22, 1905, a priest, Father Gapon decided to lead a group of workers to present a petition to the Tsar. The petition included political and economic demands. These included the calling of a Duma. It also demanded to end the war immediately. The petition was signed by 135,000 people. In conclusion, The Russo-Japanese war played a huge part in the 1905 revolution, simply because it was the last straw for the Russians as many factors had contributed to the start of a revolution before the war, the war however forced them to take more serious action. ?? ?? ?? ?? Kieran Corbitt ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Vietnam war

    Khmer Communists returned from abroad, fighting alongside both the Rouge and PAVN forces. International aid for the Rouge increased substantially, and the great prestige of the popular Sihanouk aided enormously in the recruitment of Khmer Rouge forces within Cambodia, and also gave them international recognition.

  2. How far was the Russian Japanese war of 1905 the cause of the 1905 ...

    The industrial classes and the peasants who were already displeased with their harsh living conditions turned even more bitter against the government. The war created food shortages which did not help solve the existing problems.

  1. What were the causes of the 1905 Revolution? Why did the Revolution fail to ...

    They had no trade unions for protection. Their homes were crowded and poorly built. Economic recession between 1899 and 1903 had also led to growing unemployment throughout the Empire. A short-term military cause of the 1905 Revolution was the defeat of Russian in the war against Japan in 1904.

  2. Free essay

    What Were the Causes of the 1905 Revolution? Why did the Revolution Fail to ...

    He promised himself that he wouldn't make the same mistake that his father made and therefore ruled in a completely contrasting manner, fighting extremely hard to return autocracy to its original, feared state. This new strict regime included the press being censored and public meetings being controlled, opposition was dealt

  1. The French Revolution Broke Out Because Of a Shortage of Bread Discuss.

    There, they were away from everything that happened in Paris, gradually growing out of touch with everybody else. For this reason, they did not know what was happening and they couldn?t help until it was too late. Marie Antoinette, when she heard the people in Paris could not afford bread

  2. Why did the 1905 revolution fail to overthrow the Tsarist regime?

    Although the army were the most important reason for the continual Tsarist rule, the opposition were however disunited and had no clear leader. It can be argued that if they did have even two strong leaders like in 1917 that they would have overthrown the Tsar, all of the opposition

  1. Russian failure during the Russo-Japanese war was the principal catalyst for Revolution in Russia ...

    This could have suggested to Russians who were not opposed to Tsarist rule prior to the war that their country was not being run effectively and hence effectively encouraged revolution in contrast to ?averting it.? In addition, resources which were diverted to the war lessened the already limited supply of

  2. How far do you agree that the Russo Japanese war was the biggest cause ...

    When the Russian population found out about this there was outrage at how the Tsar could do this to his own people, and consequently many people began to doubt how effective autocracy was for the empire. ?What is going to happen to me? I am not prepared to be Tsar.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work