• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'It was rapid advances in technology which allowed Britain to turn the tide of the Battle of the Atlantic against Germany by mid-1943'. How far do you agree with this judgment?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

'It was rapid advances in technology which allowed Britain to turn the tide of the Battle of the Atlantic against Germany by mid-1943'. How far do you agree with this judgment? The rapid advances in technology certainly played a large part in the turning of the tide against Germany, 4 major advances were made in 1942/1943; the Leigh Light, HF/DF, long range aircraft and hedgehog bombs which all contributed greatly to the effective detection and destruction of U-boats. Of course technology wasn't the only contributing factor to the turning of the tide; the appointment of Max Horton, the involvement of the USA from 1941 and axis complacency all contributed to the success of the allies in the Battle of the Atlantic. The effective advances in technology were made in late 1942; the Leigh Light which was attached to planes meant that the u-boats on the surface at night could be identified and attacked from the air; the u-boats had little warning so they couldn't submerge themselves quick enough to escape any bombs being dropped. ...read more.

Middle

As well as the positive advances in technology, there were also limitations to it. ASDIC in theory should have been highly effective but the allies didn't realize that although the submerged u-boats could be detected, they could still attack, undetected at night on the surface, where ASDIC couldn't spot them. However, the Leigh Light of course put a stop to this in 1942 when surfaced u-boats could be detected. In addition to the technology there were also other contributors to the turning of the tide, arguably without these the turning of the tide may not have happened. The appointment of Max Horton as commander in 1942 was a big help to the campaign in the Atlantic, not only did Horton integrate the Navy and RAF he also introduced more long range aircraft and trained pilots more effectively. He also changed the strategy in the sea, before he was appointed the allies were largely avoiding the u-boats where they could; Horton's strategy was to lure the enemy into action and attacked from there. ...read more.

Conclusion

The USA's involvement in the war from 1941 also helped in the Atlantic, they were an economic superpower, capable of producing large numbers of liberty ships in a few days; over 2000 were built in 1945 alone. These liberty ships also aided the convoys of merchant ships which made Germany's objective of stopping all supply to Britain increasingly difficult to complete. Although there are many other contributing factors to the turning of the tide in the Atlantic, it is clear that new technology was the most effective. Without the technology, allied losses would still have been high from night attacks; Horton's strategy would have been futile against such offensives. The new weapons brought a refreshing change to the allied attacks which the enemy wasn't expecting and could do nothing about. The complacency of the axis may have gone undiscovered if HF/DF hadn't been invented as the allies would have probably taken longer to identify the repetitive formation of the u-boats. Without technology, the other contributing factors wouldn't have been as effective, therefore making it a vital catalyst in the turning of the tide against Germany. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. British advances in technology won the battle of the Atlantic

    crucial factor where the British lacked technology was with the communication with the RAF, this was because of bad equipment and many disagreements between the navy and air force. The navy also had air craft carriers that they failed to use effectively, this was bad because the majority of the

  2. Hitlers Germany

    Occupation of Czechoslovakia On March 15 Hitler sent German troops to occupy Bohemia and Moravia, set up Slovakia as an "independent'' state, but sacrificed his tiny Ukrainian ''Piedmont'' by giving it to Hungary. Thus he made clear to the West that his ambitions exceeded the boundaries of German-speaking lands.

  1. The Battle of Britain

    Hitler was at this time very wary of the situation because he was under the belief that France, with its much larger army could easily overpower the Germans, and with Britain's close association with the French he told his Generals that "we must bide our time, the French and the British are not our natural enemies".

  2. Why was the Battle of Stalingrad a turning point in the war against ...

    This is because however much the Germans tried to hold their position the Russians just continued to bombard them with attacks. It was really a one - sided fight it was just too big a number for the Germans to handle.

  1. The battle of Britain was an important turning point in the second world war ...

    The Poles had been forced out of their own country and they couldn't do anything about it. Some of the Polish forces fled to Rumania, and after a while eventually went to Britain to fight against the Nazi Germans. As the Poles had been forced out of their own country

  2. The Battle of the Denmark Strait and the Failure of Operation Rheinbung

    leaving behind their destroyer screening escort as they headed towards the German ship. Holland's tactical plan was to set the bows of the two battleship slightly ahead of the German ships, so that eventually they would intercept them directly - Tovey did not want to chase the Bismarck, nor did he want to fight it head on.

  1. How had Hitler been successful in his war campaign up until the Battle of ...

    However, the ministers kept secret the fact that, in addition to agreeing not to attack each other, Germany and the USSR had also agreed to overrun the countries that lay between them. Specifically, they agreed that Germany and the USSR would each take over one half of Poland, with a

  2. The Battle Of Britain

    Although the British armed forces were not too well organised the people of the cities were and that is why Britain survived the Blitz. The Spitfire The British government estimated that one million would die in the Blitz but the actual number was sixty thousand and this was because they were so well organised.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work