• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

King John and King Henry II

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Henry II was the King of England from 1154-1189 and his son, John ruled England from 1199-1216. Henry had an eccentric relationship with John, filled with treachery and deceit. Henry had married Eleanor of Aquitaine and had five sons: William, Henry Jr., Richard, Geoffrey, and John. Henry's family's relations with his wife and sons were damaged and complex. Strangely enough, John was Henry's most favorable son. When John was born in Christmas Eve in 1167, Henry jokingly nicknamed him Sans Terre, also referred to as Lackland, since there was no land that Henry could have given John. However, it was ironic that John "Lackland" would eventually inherit his father's empire. ...read more.

Middle

Henry had always loved John the most out of all his sons, but John's distrust and his resulting paranoia brought about major dents in their relationship. Early in John's childhood, Henry placed him in the Abbey of Fontevrault with hope of instilling his career in the church. John reacted rebelliously so Henry was forced to abandon that objective. Then, Henry appointed his own Chief Justiciar, Ranulf de Glanvill to educate and teach John. Providing such a highly skilled and able person to educate John shows Henry's love for John. Henry had numerous different plans to improve John's position as a landless son. In 1176, Henry betrothed John at the age of nine to Isabella of Gloucester, a wealthy heiress of the Earl of Gloucester. ...read more.

Conclusion

John had realized that Henry was going to die very soon, so he decided to acquaint himself with Richard, the son that Henry would choose as king upon his death. Although Henry II loved and preferred John the most, he realized that John was incapable of being king. The rebellion consisted of Richard, John, Eleanor, and King Phillip of France conspiring against Henry. The rebellion ended in a failure and Henry's rebellious family members had to surrender their effort and move on under his rule. Nonetheless, Henry had now seen the true faces of his sons. Henry was the most disappointed with John's role in the rebellion because he thought John loved him as much as he did John. Upon realizing the true colors of his son, Henry's love for John had forever been disintegrated. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Does Alexander II deserve the title of 'Tsar liberator'?

    the ?breeding ground? for intellectuals and revolutionaries, the government tried to limit the influence or growth of it by limiting their influence and ensuring they had insufficient finance. Overall, despite the fact that the middle classes grew and that everyone could vote for the zemstva members, zemstvos? were heavily weighted

  2. Henry II (1154 - 1189) is generally seen as the main catalyst in the ...

    Indeed, it was from these Royal Courts of Westminster developed out of the 'Curia Regis'19, also referred to as the (King's Council) came into being. Indeed, the 'Court of the Exchequer was the first court to emerge from the Curia Regis' which dealt initially with despites connected with royal revenues.'20

  1. Discuss the relationship between Richard II and its source 'How kyng Richarde the seconde....'

    king, 'not born to sue, but to command' (1.1.196). The following scene begins to undermine this, as 'God's substitute' (1.2.37) is implicated by Gaunt in the death of the Duke of Gloucester. Richard's appearance in the richly formal third scene reinforces his initial, regal portrayal but subsequently, his expressed desire for Gaunt's 'physician...

  2. Wives & War: To what extent did these two aspects undermine Henry VIIIs rule ...

    was created for King Henry, in which a picture of David and Goliath is shown to be evident. For this sort of chronicle to be included in Henry?s own Psalter supports his fixation for military ideals and glory, such as Henry V gained at Agincourt in the Hundred Years? War (Barker, 2005, pg10).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work