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Mao Essay

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Introduction

Mao Zedong led the people of China through a revolution, transforming the old China into the new, Communist China, however can it really be said that he was a revolutionary hero? A revolutionary hero must posses certain skills and qualities; they must lead their people through violence, have their own ideology, and be able to inspire others. Mao met each of these requirements. Mao demonstrated the use of violence many times throughout his rule, however the most important were the Long March, the Great Leap Forward, and the Cultural Revolution. The Long March lasted from the 18th of October 1934, until the 29th of October 1935; it was a six thousand mile retreat from Chiang Kai-Shek's Nationalist forces.12. Prior to the Long March, the Communists had been losing to Chiang very badly in the province of Jiangxi, they were severely outnumbered and had were lacking proper equipment for everyone, Mao and the other leaders of the Communist Party decided that a retreat would be best to save the party from total ruin.3 At the beginning of the Long March there were approximately one hundred thousand people, including women and children, however by the time they finished only twenty thousand were left, the others had died along the way of cold, sunstroke, hunger, disease, and exhaustion.4 Despite the huge loss of life along the way, the Long March was deemed to be a success, particularly for Mao Zedong. ...read more.

Middle

Besides targeting his opponents and rightists he also targeted traditional Chinese culture, such as art, literature, and music, as well as any foreign influences, he put his wife, Jiang Qing, in charge of this section.1920 The Cultural Revolution had once again destroyed the economy, as well as wrecking schools, and factories. At the end of it the Red guards were the only ones still engaged and Mao had, to call upon the army to disband them.21 The Red Guards were responsible for millions of deaths across the country, the Red Guard was comprised of teenage students who had been born and raised during Mao's time in power, since they knew no other leader they earnestly followed him, without paying attention to whether it was actually the right thing to do. They formed an angry mob and attacked many authority figures, even old Communist officials, who had been members of the Communist party since the Long March. During this period of time China lost much of it's cultural heritage, through the purges of the Red Guard, with the encouragement of Mao and his wife, Jiang Qing. Mao was able to use all this violence and chaos to his advantage, his public image as a great leader was further and further enforced throughout the whole event, proving that Mao was a revolutionary hero. ...read more.

Conclusion

7 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 8 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 9 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 10 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 11 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 12 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 13 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 14 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 15 Geyer, Flora. Mao Zedong: The Rebel Who Led a Revolution. National Geographic Society: North America, 2007. 16 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 17 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 18 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 19 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 20 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 21 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 22 Kennett, John. The Rise of Communist China. Great Britain: Robert Cunningham & Sons Ltd., 1970. 23 Kennett, John. The Rise of Communist China. Great Britain: Robert Cunningham & Sons Ltd., 1970. 24 "Top Ten Bestselling Books of All Times". Bookseller World. <http://www.booksellerworld.com/bestselling-booksever.htm> 25 Bradley, John. China: A New Revolution. United States: Aladdin Books, 1990. 26 Geyer, Flora. Mao Zedong: The Rebel Who Led a Revolution. National Geographic Society: North America, 2007. 27 Kennett, John. The Rise of Communist China. Great Britain: Robert Cunningham & Sons Ltd., 1970. ...read more.

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