• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Mao Essay

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Mao Zedong led the people of China through a revolution, transforming the old China into the new, Communist China, however can it really be said that he was a revolutionary hero? A revolutionary hero must posses certain skills and qualities; they must lead their people through violence, have their own ideology, and be able to inspire others. Mao met each of these requirements. Mao demonstrated the use of violence many times throughout his rule, however the most important were the Long March, the Great Leap Forward, and the Cultural Revolution. The Long March lasted from the 18th of October 1934, until the 29th of October 1935; it was a six thousand mile retreat from Chiang Kai-Shek's Nationalist forces.12. Prior to the Long March, the Communists had been losing to Chiang very badly in the province of Jiangxi, they were severely outnumbered and had were lacking proper equipment for everyone, Mao and the other leaders of the Communist Party decided that a retreat would be best to save the party from total ruin.3 At the beginning of the Long March there were approximately one hundred thousand people, including women and children, however by the time they finished only twenty thousand were left, the others had died along the way of cold, sunstroke, hunger, disease, and exhaustion.4 Despite the huge loss of life along the way, the Long March was deemed to be a success, particularly for Mao Zedong. ...read more.

Middle

Besides targeting his opponents and rightists he also targeted traditional Chinese culture, such as art, literature, and music, as well as any foreign influences, he put his wife, Jiang Qing, in charge of this section.1920 The Cultural Revolution had once again destroyed the economy, as well as wrecking schools, and factories. At the end of it the Red guards were the only ones still engaged and Mao had, to call upon the army to disband them.21 The Red Guards were responsible for millions of deaths across the country, the Red Guard was comprised of teenage students who had been born and raised during Mao's time in power, since they knew no other leader they earnestly followed him, without paying attention to whether it was actually the right thing to do. They formed an angry mob and attacked many authority figures, even old Communist officials, who had been members of the Communist party since the Long March. During this period of time China lost much of it's cultural heritage, through the purges of the Red Guard, with the encouragement of Mao and his wife, Jiang Qing. Mao was able to use all this violence and chaos to his advantage, his public image as a great leader was further and further enforced throughout the whole event, proving that Mao was a revolutionary hero. ...read more.

Conclusion

7 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 8 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 9 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 10 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 11 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 12 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 13 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 14 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 15 Geyer, Flora. Mao Zedong: The Rebel Who Led a Revolution. National Geographic Society: North America, 2007. 16 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 17 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 18 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 19 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 20 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 21 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 22 Kennett, John. The Rise of Communist China. Great Britain: Robert Cunningham & Sons Ltd., 1970. 23 Kennett, John. The Rise of Communist China. Great Britain: Robert Cunningham & Sons Ltd., 1970. 24 "Top Ten Bestselling Books of All Times". Bookseller World. <http://www.booksellerworld.com/bestselling-booksever.htm> 25 Bradley, John. China: A New Revolution. United States: Aladdin Books, 1990. 26 Geyer, Flora. Mao Zedong: The Rebel Who Led a Revolution. National Geographic Society: North America, 2007. 27 Kennett, John. The Rise of Communist China. Great Britain: Robert Cunningham & Sons Ltd., 1970. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did Mao launch the Cultural Revolution in 1966?

    Another major reason for which Mao launched the Cultural Revolution was the failure of the Great Leap Forward, which he never admitted to. Due to criticism from party members such as Peng Duhuai and Liu Shaoqi, Chinese people had started realising the problems caused by this disastrous policy.

  2. Why did Mao Zedong introduce a second five year plan in 1958 and to ...

    Mao feared that the USA would help GMD because the USA feared the spread of communism to other countries in Asia. This was one aspect that hugely influenced Mao's decision to introduce his second five year plan. Mao naturally wanted to build on the first five year plan and wanted to expand his country and make it superior.

  1. Dismantling Violence in Mozambique.

    Thereafter, civilians were left to their own means of survival. Mozambicans refused to be just passive victims. They proved to be capable of re-creating their identity, their community, and eventually, their country. In 1994 they held democratic elections and re-established a Frelimo government (Nordstrom 226).

  2. American History.

    Jefferson also refused to use the acts against his opponents, and pardoned all those indicted under the acts during the Adams administration. Naturalization Act of 1802 - this replaced the Naturalization Act of 1798,? setting the requirement for citizenship back to 5 years only [most immigrants were DRs].

  1. The Hollywood Ten - House Un-American Activities Committee.

    time as a "friendly" witness, and his name was dropped from the blacklist. He then resumed his American career and directed four films for producer Stanley Kramer, most notably The Sniper (1952) and The Caine Mutiny (1954). Dmytryk went on to make several notable films in the 1950s, including the westerns Broken Lance (1954)

  2. Mao Tse-tung, who began as an obscure peasant, died one of history's great revolutionary ...

    He envisioned creating in China an egalitarian, revolutionary utopia in which mass enthusiasm provided the motive force. "I have witnessed the tremendous energy of the masses," Mao wrote in 1958 in the midst of the Great Leap Forward, one of his biggest but ultimately most disruptive campaigns.

  1. Custer - Hero or villain?

    He attacked the morning after but his regiment was hopelessly outnumbered, and the entire center column, including Custer and 264 of his men, was destroyed. "They tell me I murdered Custer. It is a lie. He was a fool and rode to his death" - Chief Sitting Bull, Reported in The Wild West, Channel 4.

  2. Assess the origins and consequences of the Cultural Revolution in China.

    the start formed themselves into Red Guard units to terrorise opponents of Chairman Mao?s beliefs. Ritual humiliation, the use of the Jet plane position and sometimes fatal torture were employed. Sometimes the Red Guards chose their victims at other times; they were directed by agents of Jan Qing.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work