• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Mao Essay

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Mao Zedong led the people of China through a revolution, transforming the old China into the new, Communist China, however can it really be said that he was a revolutionary hero? A revolutionary hero must posses certain skills and qualities; they must lead their people through violence, have their own ideology, and be able to inspire others. Mao met each of these requirements. Mao demonstrated the use of violence many times throughout his rule, however the most important were the Long March, the Great Leap Forward, and the Cultural Revolution. The Long March lasted from the 18th of October 1934, until the 29th of October 1935; it was a six thousand mile retreat from Chiang Kai-Shek's Nationalist forces.12. Prior to the Long March, the Communists had been losing to Chiang very badly in the province of Jiangxi, they were severely outnumbered and had were lacking proper equipment for everyone, Mao and the other leaders of the Communist Party decided that a retreat would be best to save the party from total ruin.3 At the beginning of the Long March there were approximately one hundred thousand people, including women and children, however by the time they finished only twenty thousand were left, the others had died along the way of cold, sunstroke, hunger, disease, and exhaustion.4 Despite the huge loss of life along the way, the Long March was deemed to be a success, particularly for Mao Zedong. ...read more.

Middle

Besides targeting his opponents and rightists he also targeted traditional Chinese culture, such as art, literature, and music, as well as any foreign influences, he put his wife, Jiang Qing, in charge of this section.1920 The Cultural Revolution had once again destroyed the economy, as well as wrecking schools, and factories. At the end of it the Red guards were the only ones still engaged and Mao had, to call upon the army to disband them.21 The Red Guards were responsible for millions of deaths across the country, the Red Guard was comprised of teenage students who had been born and raised during Mao's time in power, since they knew no other leader they earnestly followed him, without paying attention to whether it was actually the right thing to do. They formed an angry mob and attacked many authority figures, even old Communist officials, who had been members of the Communist party since the Long March. During this period of time China lost much of it's cultural heritage, through the purges of the Red Guard, with the encouragement of Mao and his wife, Jiang Qing. Mao was able to use all this violence and chaos to his advantage, his public image as a great leader was further and further enforced throughout the whole event, proving that Mao was a revolutionary hero. ...read more.

Conclusion

7 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 8 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 9 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 10 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 11 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 12 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 13 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 14 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 15 Geyer, Flora. Mao Zedong: The Rebel Who Led a Revolution. National Geographic Society: North America, 2007. 16 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 17 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 18 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 19 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 20 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 21 Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Mao Zedong. China: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. 22 Kennett, John. The Rise of Communist China. Great Britain: Robert Cunningham & Sons Ltd., 1970. 23 Kennett, John. The Rise of Communist China. Great Britain: Robert Cunningham & Sons Ltd., 1970. 24 "Top Ten Bestselling Books of All Times". Bookseller World. <http://www.booksellerworld.com/bestselling-booksever.htm> 25 Bradley, John. China: A New Revolution. United States: Aladdin Books, 1990. 26 Geyer, Flora. Mao Zedong: The Rebel Who Led a Revolution. National Geographic Society: North America, 2007. 27 Kennett, John. The Rise of Communist China. Great Britain: Robert Cunningham & Sons Ltd., 1970. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did Mao Zedong introduce a second five year plan in 1958 and to ...

    1952 1957 (planned output) 1957 (actual output) The first five year plan. 1953 - 7. Output in millions of tonnes Coal 63.5 113.0 124.0 Pig-iron 1.9 4.7 5.8 Steel 1.3 4.1 5.2 Oil 0.4 2.0 1.4 Cement 2.6 6.0 4.6 Chemical Fertiliser 0.2 0.6 0.7 In 1953 the government and

  2. Why did Mao launch the Cultural Revolution in 1966?

    He hated being cast aside by Liu Shaoqi and wanted to steer China back towards the socialist was of life. Subsequently he instigated a great purge throughout the nation. Intellectuals such as writers and teachers suffered atrocities at the hands of the Red Guards.

  1. Why were the Communists able to come to power in China?

    population It can be concluded, that within the GMD government there was no, after Sun, no interest in a social revolution and those reforms were made, had little effect outside larger towns or the welfare of the majority of the population.

  2. Dismantling Violence in Mozambique.

    They exchanged information about where to find goods, where to avoid travel, how to address the soldiers, where to sleep at night, when to flee their homes, which group is planning a raid on their village, etc. The people who survived to tell their stories were not only exchanging experiences but also they were exchanging strategies of survival.

  1. The Hollywood Ten - House Un-American Activities Committee.

    Refusing to answer the HUAC's questions about his involvement in the Communist Party, Ornitz ended up as one of the famed "Hollywood Ten," in the company of such screenwriters as Ring Lardner Jr., Albert Maltz and Dalton Trumbo. He served a year in prison for contempt of court, during which

  2. Mao Tse-tung, who began as an obscure peasant, died one of history's great revolutionary ...

    provisions of the five-year plan fixed only a day before by the National People's Congress--he shunned the trappings of might. He seldom appeared in public, perhaps to preserve a sense of awe and mystery, and he eschewed fancy dress or medals, in conformity with the simple standard he himself had set during his guerrilla days.

  1. Custer - Hero or villain?

    He attacked the morning after but his regiment was hopelessly outnumbered, and the entire center column, including Custer and 264 of his men, was destroyed. "They tell me I murdered Custer. It is a lie. He was a fool and rode to his death" - Chief Sitting Bull, Reported in The Wild West, Channel 4.

  2. Did Mao Create A Cruel Dictatorship ?

    There was opposition from many peasants who didn't want to give up the land that they fought for. However local CCP workers put pressure on them to join, and by 1957 over 90% of the peasants belonged to a co-operative.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work