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Nicholas’ downfall

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Introduction

In 1917, Tsar Nicholas the second abdicated from the Russian throne. This was because the Russian people had had enough of his autocratic ways. Nicholas was mainly responsible for his own downfall in 1917 but he was not wholly to blame for what happened. He was not brought up with any guidance of being a Tsar, or how to run a country. He admitted in a report that he was not prepared to be Tsar, and he never wanted to be one. He had no idea of ruling or how to talk to his ministers. He was expected to run a country without any help or experience to guide him. The only thing he did realise was that he had to keep his family in power. As they had been for so many years. He admired autocracy and decided to become an Autocratic leader. His first steps, as Tsar was to build up the Russian railway system into a greater system than it was. ...read more.

Middle

This then lead to an economic crisis in the Russian cities. There were bread riots on the streets and the people had banners with slogans such as "DOWN WITH THE WAR!" and "GIVE US BREAD!" The Tsar could not prevent these riots as the Russian money was being pumped into the war effort. The peasants now wanted Communism to take over, and they didn't want the Tsar to keep up his autocratic ways. Because the war in Europe was costing so much, peoples food had to be rationed therefore peasants were forced to stand in freezing cold weather and queue for up to four hours so that they could receive bread and corn to survive. In "Russia and the USSR" by Alan White, there is a quote: " Resentment is felt worse in large families, where the children are starving. Mothers, exhausted from standing endlessly at the tail of queues, are stockpiles of flammable material, needing only a spark to set them alight" These events were unlucky for the Tsar as they were out of his control and there was no way for him to correct them. ...read more.

Conclusion

There was a lot of confusion and everything spiralled out of control. In 1905, Nicholas was given a wake up call, and this was that if he did not change his autocratic ways, then he would lose his power as Tsar. He did not take heed of this warning, and soon after receiving his warning, he returned back to his autocratic ways. These events all portray a fine example of bad decision making by Nicholas II, and if he had made better and decisive decisions, then his reign would have lasted longer. He did not seem to realise that if he had increased prosperity in the country, then he would have brought more people round to the idea of Tsarism. Nicholas had managed to bring Russia's economic state down so low that things like bread and corn were so scarce. People then started to eat cats, dogs, and even rats to survive. The war was the start of Nicholas' downfall, and he then started to dig a hole far too big for himself, and because of his incompetence, he managed to turn his own nation against him and bring about the death of his own family. ...read more.

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