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Stalin was convinced that the needs of Soviet Russia could only be met by modernisation.

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´╗┐This ?economic revolution? was different from the economic policy with Bukharin state was in total control and this confirmed Stalin?s authority over the party and the government. Stalin was convinced that the needs of Soviet Russia could only be met by modernisation. This also meant that Stalin thought that by bringing Russia up to a level of industrial production, he would enable it to catch up and the overtake the advanced economy of Western Europe and the USA. ...read more.


Stalin thought that the only way to raise money was through land and so collectivisation of the Russia agriculture was the first step towards this. Moreover, this also allowed the Soviet Union to use the profits from land to finance a massive industrialisation programme. First of all, there were two types of farms which were collective and state farms. The plan was to group between 50 and 150 holdings in one unit because large farms would be more efficient and develop the effective use of agricultural machinery. ...read more.


Stalin identified a class of Kulaks who were holding back the workers revolution by monopolising the best land and employing cheap peasant labour. By hoarding, they kept food prices high thus making themselves rich at the expense of other people so this group had to be broken because they were preventing modernisation. However, this was a Bolshevik definition of the Kulaks as they were really a hard-working group of peasants who had proved more efficient that others. In no sense they were like the people Stalin described. Nevertheless, because of Russian History, this term ?kulak? was a powerful notion and provided the grounds for the coercion of the peasantry as a whole. ...read more.

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