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The causes of the civil war itself were peculiar to Spain.

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The Spanish Civil M90 The causes of the civil war itself were peculiar to Spain. The background against which the war erupted was as follows: During 1920's, Spain was ruled by a king. Due to the great depression which led to economic collapse and big unemployment in Spain, the king abdicated in 1931 and Spain became a republic. The government faced risings from provinces within Spain demanding independence. There were also a lot of strikes and rebellions from left wing and socialist groups. Spain also lost her empire during the same time. Internal conflicts also led to the war. ...read more.


Thirdly, the army also played a key role in the cause of the war. The army was used to interfering in today politics. There was even an attempt at a military coup in 1932. Fourthly, violence was common in Spanish politics. Democracy was not appreciated. Most parties were not willing to accept defeat in an election and often resorted to violence. Governments also tended to be corrupt. As a result, Spaniards undermined democracy and were more willing to accept an authoritarian government as long as it promised not to be corrupt. Fifthly, some regions of Spain, like Basque and Catalonia wanted either full independence or autonomy. ...read more.


Although this was a Spanish war, it soon became an European affair. As the war erupted, it was indirectly joined by other European countries. The big European countries soon joined the war. During this time, there were three main political forces in Europe. 1) Fascism> Germany and Italy 2) Communism> USSR 3) Bourgeois Democracy- Britain + France These forces were struggling for supremacy in Europe. The fascist group supported rebels led by General Franscisco Franco. He was also supported by the Catholic Church. The Soviet Union aided the loyalists (Republicans). Britain and France also sympathised with this group. The USSR supplied them with arms and ammunition. Italian troops helped the nationalists (Franco's group) and Germany supplied them with arms and ammunition. ...read more.

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