• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The most important reason for Mussolini being made Prime Minister was the actions of the King. To what extent do you agree with this statement?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

'The most important reason for Mussolini being made Prime Minister was the actions of the King.' To what extent do you agree with this statement? It could be argued that the main reason for Mussolini becoming Prime Minister was due to the actions of the King, Victor Emmanuel. The behaviour and decisions of the monarch led to Italy becoming a fascist run state. However, there were other factors, such as the rise of Fascism and Great War, which also resulted in Mussolini being appointed Prime Minister, and therefore the actions of the king, was not the single most important reason for this. The King, Victor Emmanuel, and the Italian people were disillusioned with the parliamentary leadership operating in Italy at the time, and the monarch feared civil war, and he was even more afraid of the threat posed by a possible socialist revolution to his power. As a result of this the King was not wary of the threat of Fascism, and in fact was not concerned with far-right as he saw them as a way of combating and preventing the rise of socialism and a way of consolidating his own rule and sustaining power over Italy. ...read more.

Middle

Those soldiers who returned home consequently not only believed that their expectations had not been met, but also felt as though they had fought for no real purpose. Many of these war veterans, known as arditi became supporters of the Fascists as they were disillusioned with the dire political and economic state to which they found their country in upon return, namely inflation. Yet, it was not only the arditi who felt this way, a large percentage of the Italian population also felt as though they had been betrayed by the government, not only due to the mutilated victory but also because of the disastrous political and economic situation which was the outcome of war. Consequently, the Fascists, who opposed the present government and promised change to Italy politically, economically and socially, gained support from much of the Italian people. Therefore it could be argued that this was the main reason for Mussolini becoming Prime Minister in 1923, and not a result of the king. ...read more.

Conclusion

opposition as they were often afraid and were intimidated by the Fascist squads, squadristi, who would attack those associated with the socialists and anyone who opposed Fascists. The significance of Fascist violence is illustrated by the fact that between 1920 and 1922 the squadristi murdered over 2000 socialists and anti-fascists. However, it could be argued that when local authorities did actually resist and stand up to the fascist squads they were mostly effective in defeating them, and therefore fascist violence was not as significant as it may seem in the reason behind the rise of Mussolini to power in 1923. Additionally, the Fascist Party (he PNF), making themselves more legitimate as a politically party was also major reason behind Mussolini being appointed Prime Minister, as was the revision of Fascist policies that distanced themselves from the socialists as they were consequently able to attain greater popularity amongst the Italian people and widen their appeal. Although the fear of socialism and post war sentiment, as well as the action of the King all played a part in Mussolini's rise to power in 1923. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Stalins Russia, 1924-53 revision guide

    By 1952, there were quotas for Jews in most universities, Jewish schools had been shut and Jewish employment in state organisations was limited. * This anti -Semitism peaked in August 1952 with the arrest and execution of Solomon Losovsky (who was an ex-deputy foreign minister)

  2. Why did Mussolini Become Prime Minister in 1922?

    Mussolini gained power mainly because an agreement surfaced between non-socialist political and social leaders that he had to be given chance to prove that he can repair a country in crisis.

  1. Why was Mussolini appointed Prime Minister in 1922?

    This allowed Mussolini to take control politically over central and northern Italy. It also meant that he did not have to enter into any acts of violence as he could alternate the use of the Blackshirts and his own political manoeuvring.

  2. Why Did Mussolini become Prime Minister in 1922?

    Wiskemann suggests that the King was misinformed about the actual numbers involved in the March and thought that the army was outnumbered and was set to succeed and that if the King did declare Martial Law it would not change anything and therefore there was no reason to declare a state of martial law.

  1. MUSSOLINI WAS APPOINTED AS PRIME MINISTER IN 1922 BECAUSE OF THE WEAKNESS OF THE ...

    subservient light in the diary of ras Balbo, as are the prefects. There is also proof that the police and army could easily have quelled any fascist disturbances (e.g. at Sarzana, July 1921, where 12 policemen defeated 500 fascists), and that there were prefects in many provinces that did stop

  2. Albert Speers Role as German Armaments Minister during the War

    But Hitler disagreed with Speer?s plan and opted for an illegal roundup of foreign labourers to work in the armaments factories. The foreign workers were badly treated; they worked in appalling conditions, endured violence, illness and death. Speer?s role as Armament?s Minister during the war from 1942 to 1945, was

  1. Assess the reasons why Mussolini was appointed Prime Minister in 1922

    The original support came from war veterans and the Italian army which was in general sympathetic to the cause. However as Mussolini changed the party agenda making it less extreme and right wing the backbone of fascist support arrived in the form of the petty bourgeoisie.

  2. The most important effects of the First World War on Italy between 1915 and ...

    This is linked very closely to the political situation. This was not surprising as the government spent 148 billion lira financing the war. There was also a rise in inflation ? prices were four times higher in 1918 than before the war.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work