• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To What Extent was Mussolini's Rise to Power a Direct Consequence of WW1?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To What Extent was Mussolini's Rise to Power a Direct Consequence of WW1? Italians were divided on their decision of whether or not join WW1. Most Nationalists were in favour of joining, and although the King wished for peace, the government decided to see which side would offer the best terms. After signing The Treaty Of London with B and F which offered them huge territorial gains they eventually declared war on Austria in May 1915. The Nationalist poet d'Annunzio made a speech in which he showed his enthusiasm for the war, "We shall now fight our war, and blood will flow from the veins of Italy. We are the last to enter the struggle but will be among the first to find glory". In reality although Italy was on the victorious side they did not find glory and their country was severely affected. Was it therefore inevitable that someone with Mussolini's' personality and drive would eventually take power in post war Italy? ...read more.

Middle

Foreign trade was at a virtual standstill and inflation rose rapidly. By the end of the war the Italian Lira was at only one fifth of its pre war value. Not surprisingly then in 1919 support for socialism was high, unemployed workers and peasants began to riot and stir up strikes throughout the country. The government did intervene however and reforms were made. The socialists were weakened after that, but as I will show Mussolini took full advantage of the situation, using it as a possible Communist threat and therefore exploiting the opportunity to gain support from anti socialists. Mussolini who was originally a socialist, set up the fascio di combattimento (fascist movement) in 1919. They were mostly ex soldiers who were dissatisfied with the liberal government and the outcome of the war. Mussolini began to make promises to restore Italy to its former glory. He ran his own newspaper Il popolo d'Italia which proved the ideal tool in which to promote his ideals and spread propaganda. ...read more.

Conclusion

Now that the party had gained such huge popularity Mussolini knew they would be able to seize power. In 1922 they planned the take over of local governments and the eventual march on Rome. However the march was not necessary as the King invited Mussolini to form a government, partly to stop the threat of Civil war but also as he told a confident at the time, he wished 'To save a cabinet of poltroons and that in Mussolini he had a Prime Minister who was really a man of purpose who will last some time and has the will to act and act well'. In conclusion therefore WW1 had been a huge factor in determining the future of Italy and Fascism was able to grow out of peoples discontent with the outcome. However even before the outbreak of war people's faith in the government was already deteriorating. In addition the threat of Socialism in Italy was hugely exploited by Mussolini and had they or any other party had leadership qualities such as Mussolinis who knows what might have happened. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. "The Personality Of Mussolini Was The Main Factor In His Rise To Power"

    The opposing parties, such as the Liberals argued amongst themselves instead of working together to combat the growing trend of Fascism. The Liberals were more concerned with stopping Socialism and the Catholic Party rather than their main threat. The Socialists declined the offer from the Liberal Party to make formal pacts in order to stop Mussolini.

  2. History - Mussolini's Rise to Power

    the left's potential through propaganda on which Cassels importantly remarked, 'the threat it Italy was almost entirely illusory' (1 pg. 34). This could be challenged by the fact that the left still did have the potential to achieve revolution due to numerical advantages, and still posed a probable threat because of influences such as the Comintern and popular workers' support.

  1. To what extent was Hitlers rise to power due to Economic Problems?

    Sooner or later we will have a majority, and after that-Germany!"4 Although there seems to be any long term benefit for Hitler in the Munich Putsch, it was a good starting point on which Hitler and his Nazi party could start to become recognised and begin its reign which inevitably turned out to be a long term benefit for them.

  2. Mussolini(TM)s rise to power up to 1922 owes more to the failures of others ...

    The government had failed to act to the violence allowing the Fascists to exploit this upheaval. Mussolini announced that if the government would not stand against the violence then his squads would. This helped to gain support from the revolution fearing Italians.

  1. What Problems did Italian Governments face after WW1

    the Nationalists, who had hoped to make more imperialistic advances from the war. This public resentment regarding the war was the foundations of Italy's many forthcoming difficulties. The human cost of the war had been horrendous as 650,000 men had died and millions more had been seriously injured.

  2. Why did Mussolini's Fascist Party become popular in Italy after the First World War?

    Mussolini also set out to reclaim land to help the farmers in Italy to become more efficient. Another factor important to Mussolini was the 'Battle for Births'. This arose from Mussolini's desire to provide soldiers for his armies and colonists for the new Italian Empire.

  1. To What Extent Was The Failure Of The Socialist Movement Responsible For Bringing Mussolini ...

    that he could attempt to bring around to his way of thinking. By forcefully opposing the Socialists, he was potentially appealing to around 60% of the population, and Mussolini believed that he would be able to turn a large proportion of these people towards Fascism.

  2. Causes of WWI and the roles of Women before WW1

    The utilization of these new weapons led to bloodier war. In regard to mobilization plans (Act of War), all countries maintained the belief that this war would be offensive in nature and short in duration. However, the opposite occurred. With the introduction of trench warfare, there is a shift into a dirty, bloody battle.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work