• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent was terror the fundamental basis of Nazi control ?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent was terror the fundamental basis of Nazi control ? In this essay it will be shown that the Nazis did not rely on terror as the fundamental basis of control but relied on it as part of a basis of control. The essay will show traditionalist and revisionist views of the question and go on to show the other means of which the Nazis used to control the public. The traditionalist view is that the fundamental basis was terror used by the Gestapo. It is the point of view that the Gestapo were an all powerful unit that controlled the public ruthlessly and systematically. Evidence to justify the point is that on the whole the public were under control. For example between 1933 and 1945 32,000 people were legally executed and 225,000 people were imprisoned. The historian Jacques Delarue, who supports this view states: "Never before, in no other land and at no other time, had an organisation attained such a comprehensive penetration (of society), possessed such power, and ...read more.

Middle

Over 80% of these denunciations were voluntary and often used as a way of getting rid of an unwanted husband or an unpleasant neighbour. This shows that the fundamental basis of control was not terror. The synthesis of these two arguments is that the Gestapo may be overstretched but the brutality and terror that they did use was sufficient to keep the public under control. However, despite the apparent weakness of the Gestapo, the image of power served to intimidate potential opposition and more importantly to gain co-operation from the public. There were other ways the Nazis controlled the public. One of these fundamental basis of control why bother with propaganda. The idea of propaganda was to indoctrinate the people without them knowing but to spell out the core ideas and beliefs. A quote from Goebbel's states: "The propaganda must always be in a position to speak to people in language that they understand. ...read more.

Conclusion

This made people prepared to go along with the Nazi regime because they believed in him so much and trapped into the need for a strong leader like Bismarck and Willhelm II. It is quoted: "Hitler's huge platform of popularity made his own power position ever more unassailable, providing the foundation for the selective radicalization process." This quote shows that Hitler's personal popularity enabled him to control the public sufficiently to go along with his and the parties views. This is a major part in the fundamental basis of control. To conclude it has been shown that terror is not the fundamental basis of control. The fundamental basis of control is in fact a combination of terror provided by the Gestapo, propaganda provided by Goebbel's and his ministry of public enlightenment and propaganda, the policy succeses of the government and finally the huge personal popularity of Hitler as the leader of the Nazis. This combination is what the Nazis used to control the public in which terror plays a small part and not the fundamental basis of control. To answer the question to no extent was terror the fundamental basis of control. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Hitler and the Nazi Regime - revision sheet.

    Essentially, Hitler proclaimed his will to the select few officials he surrounded himself with. These officials then ordered their administrations to act as what they believed was the will of the Fuhrer. They then competed amongst themselves to achieve this.

  2. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    Marx's theory that the state will whither away was attractive to many and once Capitalism had set into Russia more and more people turned to Marxism. In 1872 the first volume of Marx's 'Capital' passed the censor in Russia. Many began to read his theories and it gained more support from anti-capitalists and those against western policies.

  1. How successful were Nazi methods to indoctrinate and control the German people?

    Also, they did not have other sources of information thus had to trust the Nazis for it. However, as much as Goebbels believed that "The Reich was created out of propaganda" it in many cause failed to indoctrinate sections of the society.

  2. To What Extent was Self-Preservation the Prime Motive of the Catholic Church's subservience to ...

    This article was however written in the 1970's, when the Vatican had not opened any of their archives from after 1922,4 and as such J R C Wright would not have had access to the detailed information they have revealed when writing his article.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work