• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What Did Charlemagne Do While In Power As King?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What Did Charlemagne Do While In Power As King? Throughout history, there have been many good and bad rulers, from the bravery of Alexander the Great, to the madness of Nero. None, however, helped shape European feudalism like Charlemagne, King of the Franks, First of the Holy Roman Emperors. His advancements in government were not his only advancements though. He created an educational system for his people. While far behind the public and private educational systems of today, in the 8th and 9th century, it was a start. He also helped spread Christianity throughout Europe. Charlemagne was born on April 2, 748, possibly in Herstal in Belgium or Aachen in Germany. His father, Pepin the Short, was the palace mayor, or principal official, of Childeric III, king of the Franks, although he in fact held real power rather than the king, who was largely ineffectual. In 751, having received the pope's permission to become king, Pepin removed Childeric and had himself anointed king with holy oil. This ceremony was repeated by Pope Stephen II in 754 when Charlemagne and his younger brother, Carloman, were also anointed as kings, although they did not take the royal title itself at that time. In the course of the 760s, Charlemagne began to take a role in the Frankish government, including being involved in a campaign against rebels in the province of ...read more.

Middle

These later threats may have been overcome with relatively small armies of mounted vassals, driven as much as anything by the quest for booty, such as the vast amounts of treasure that were brought back from the sacking of the great fortress known as the Ring of the Avars. It is clear that Charlemagne was active in diplomatic relations. He himself may have married a Lombard princess in 770; and further marriage alliances were negotiated, although not implemented, with the Byzantine Empire and with Offa, king of the Mercians. With the former, his diplomacy merged with religious policy, when the council he convened at Frankfurt am Main in 794 opposed the Byzantine Church's recent decision on the worship of icons, and with the latter, Charlemagne also concluded a remarkable trade agreement. Perhaps the most significant diplomatic relations were with the popes, who had been responsible for authorizing the installation of Charlemagne's father, Pepin, and his successors as kings of the Franks in 751, anointing Pepin and his sons as kings in 754, and encouraging both Pepin and Charlemagne to intervene militarily in northern Italy. In 799, Pope Leo III was removed by factions in Rome and went to Charlemagne's palace at Paderborn, in Germany, where the ruler received him honourably and sent him back to Rome under escort. ...read more.

Conclusion

He often pointed out that the poorer students did better than the students who were better off. The reputation of the Palace School spread throughout Europe. Students from all across Europe came to the school. Charlemagne died on January 28, 814, at his palace in Aachen. Thereafter, in later periods, his image as a saint and hero loomed over the history of Europe. In the Gothic choir annexed to the surviving church of his principal palace at Aachen, his remains now lie in the golden shrine made for them by the German king and Holy Roman emperor, Frederick II, in the early 13th century. Charlemagne is important not only for the number of his victories and the size of his empire, but for the special blend of tradition and innovation that he represented. On the one hand, he was a traditional Germanic warrior, who spent most of his life fighting. In the Saxon campaigns he imposed baptism by the sword, and retaliated against rebels with merciless slaughter. On the other hand, he placed his immense power and prestige at the service of Christian policy, the simple life, the teaching of Latin, the copying of books, and the rule of law. His life, held up as a model to most later kings, hence come to life the fusion of Germanic, Roman, and Christian cultures that became the basis of European civilization. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Historical Periods section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Historical Periods essays

  1. What was the impact of the Norman Conquest

    The Church would normally come into contact with people through routine church services and the collection of charity funds. But most importantly, it was their duty to fulfil the functions of a 'civil service' and an education system. Back then, schools did not exist and were surplus to a large

  2. Assess the Reign of Amenhotep III

    They were depicted prominently in monuments, for example Amenhotep III's mother, Mutemweia acted as his regent early in his childhood, and is depicted as receiving Amun's ankh in the Divine Birth scenes at Luxor temple. Also, his wife, Tiye, unlike other queens was frequently present on the Pharaoh's monument in same proportions as he.

  1. What was the short term significance of the Amritsar Massacre?

    On the other hand, it is possible to argue that the Amritsar Massacre was not so significant, because the popular support from Indians that Gandhi and the Congress received was not so much came from the nationalism induced by the Massacre, but from different groups who were motivated to support Gandhi and the Congress for their own interests.

  2. How and why did the Bolsheviks gain power in 1917?

    This preluded the inevitable Revolution of February, 1917. From the 18th of February to the 4th of March, a full-scale strike was initiated by the employees of the Putilov steelworks (in fact one of the most politically active factories in Petrograd). These workers were joined days later by numerous amounts of citizens concerned about rumours of a lack

  1. Why Was King Alfred So Great?

    It is certainly conceivable that Alfred could have gathered and re-organised troops before chasing the retreating Vikings out of the England altogether, however he decided not to. Alfred, in all probability, viewed the Vikings as possible allies. After the baptism of Guthrum and approximately 30 of his key soldiers, as

  2. Assess the view that Philip II as king of Spain was Absolute in Theory ...

    Lynch says that Philip's power was restricted in the first place by the inefficiency of his bureaucracy. Which is an accurate statement considering that Spain during the 15th Century was not a single monarchy, but a federation of individual realms, each sceptical of one another and guarding their own rights.

  1. Strategy in Cortes' conquest of Mexico

    with his worst enemy, Montezuma was still in the process of sizing up the Spaniard. He sent messengers to Cort�s to assess his power as well as to dissuade Cort�s from coming to Tenochtitlan. Most historians agree that Montezuma's hesitancy in acting against Cort�s and his men contributed to the eventual defeat of the Aztecs.

  2. Notes on Cleopatra and her links with Rome

    guardian of his children, Cleopatra Vim Bernice IV, Cleopatra VII, Ptolemy XII and Ptolemy XIV, when Auletes died. The fine line between independence and dependency was the ultimate test of diplomacy, especially considering the mutual disrespect of the Romans and Hellenistic Greeks for each other's culture.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work