• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What Did Charlemagne Do While In Power As King?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What Did Charlemagne Do While In Power As King? Throughout history, there have been many good and bad rulers, from the bravery of Alexander the Great, to the madness of Nero. None, however, helped shape European feudalism like Charlemagne, King of the Franks, First of the Holy Roman Emperors. His advancements in government were not his only advancements though. He created an educational system for his people. While far behind the public and private educational systems of today, in the 8th and 9th century, it was a start. He also helped spread Christianity throughout Europe. Charlemagne was born on April 2, 748, possibly in Herstal in Belgium or Aachen in Germany. His father, Pepin the Short, was the palace mayor, or principal official, of Childeric III, king of the Franks, although he in fact held real power rather than the king, who was largely ineffectual. In 751, having received the pope's permission to become king, Pepin removed Childeric and had himself anointed king with holy oil. This ceremony was repeated by Pope Stephen II in 754 when Charlemagne and his younger brother, Carloman, were also anointed as kings, although they did not take the royal title itself at that time. In the course of the 760s, Charlemagne began to take a role in the Frankish government, including being involved in a campaign against rebels in the province of ...read more.

Middle

These later threats may have been overcome with relatively small armies of mounted vassals, driven as much as anything by the quest for booty, such as the vast amounts of treasure that were brought back from the sacking of the great fortress known as the Ring of the Avars. It is clear that Charlemagne was active in diplomatic relations. He himself may have married a Lombard princess in 770; and further marriage alliances were negotiated, although not implemented, with the Byzantine Empire and with Offa, king of the Mercians. With the former, his diplomacy merged with religious policy, when the council he convened at Frankfurt am Main in 794 opposed the Byzantine Church's recent decision on the worship of icons, and with the latter, Charlemagne also concluded a remarkable trade agreement. Perhaps the most significant diplomatic relations were with the popes, who had been responsible for authorizing the installation of Charlemagne's father, Pepin, and his successors as kings of the Franks in 751, anointing Pepin and his sons as kings in 754, and encouraging both Pepin and Charlemagne to intervene militarily in northern Italy. In 799, Pope Leo III was removed by factions in Rome and went to Charlemagne's palace at Paderborn, in Germany, where the ruler received him honourably and sent him back to Rome under escort. ...read more.

Conclusion

He often pointed out that the poorer students did better than the students who were better off. The reputation of the Palace School spread throughout Europe. Students from all across Europe came to the school. Charlemagne died on January 28, 814, at his palace in Aachen. Thereafter, in later periods, his image as a saint and hero loomed over the history of Europe. In the Gothic choir annexed to the surviving church of his principal palace at Aachen, his remains now lie in the golden shrine made for them by the German king and Holy Roman emperor, Frederick II, in the early 13th century. Charlemagne is important not only for the number of his victories and the size of his empire, but for the special blend of tradition and innovation that he represented. On the one hand, he was a traditional Germanic warrior, who spent most of his life fighting. In the Saxon campaigns he imposed baptism by the sword, and retaliated against rebels with merciless slaughter. On the other hand, he placed his immense power and prestige at the service of Christian policy, the simple life, the teaching of Latin, the copying of books, and the rule of law. His life, held up as a model to most later kings, hence come to life the fusion of Germanic, Roman, and Christian cultures that became the basis of European civilization. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Historical Periods section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Historical Periods essays

  1. What was the impact of the Norman Conquest

    peasant society, although they needed to teach groups of selected men who would join the Church and go on to help Government. This led to a filtering of Anglo-Saxon aristocracy and it became virtually extinct, and the English lost control over the Church in England.

  2. Assess the view that Philip II as king of Spain was Absolute in Theory ...

    assassinated in 1580" as he went against Philip's religious and political views. However, Ortiz explains that by saying that "the people saw the king as the supreme judge, immune to favour or corruption". However again quite inaccurate because there are still occasions when Philip was influenced by his advisors to make decisions.

  1. Assess the Reign of Amenhotep III

    In his identification and claims to be an incarnation of Amun, a main deity, who he no longer fell subject to the Amun priesthood's religious will, but rather was in a more dominant position over them, further reasserting his authority as Pharaoh-god.

  2. How and why did the Bolsheviks gain power in 1917?

    Nicholas II created the very catalyst which would lead to his family's demise. In one of Rodzyanko's warnings to the Tsar, he stated that "very serious outbreaks of unrest" were, in fact, imminent. This preluded the inevitable Revolution of February, 1917.

  1. What was the short term significance of the Amritsar Massacre?

    only son to school at Harrow and university at Cambridge, manifested his disrespect for the British by discarding dresses, ties, boas and homburgs into a bonfire11. Chaudhuri said, "Even I felt like rest of my countrymen (angry)", further commenting that the Dyer affair was the "worst exhibition of the spurious and arrogant imperial sentiment"12.

  2. Consider David Starkey(TM)s and Francis Pryor(TM)s respective versions of the nature and extent of ...

    Both Britons and Anglo Saxons were ruled by Kings who were in a 'knock out' competition for tribal dominance. Anglo Saxons eventually prevailed and gradually spread their culture and language throughout the rest of the country. Nicholas Higham's view is similar to this view.

  1. To What Extent Does History show that there is no such thing as absolute ...

    This meant that people were coming together not to celebrate a GOD but GODS, which proves that Tutankhamen did not have absolute power as he gifted the people a chance to worship another. Another addition to the argument that there is no such thing as absolute power is the speculation that Tutankhamen was assassinated at the age of nineteen.

  2. Notes on Cleopatra and her links with Rome

    Romans claimed that he also left them Cyprus and Egypt, but this was hotly disputed. Romans invested heavily in Egypt. They wanted their investments protected and at one stage a Roman, C. Rabirius Postumis, ran the finances of Egypt, to his own advantage.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work