• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What were the aims of English Foreign Policy 1529-1558?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What were the aims of English Foreign Policy 1529-1558? At the start of this period, in 1529, Henry VIII was on the throne. His main aim in foreign policy was to split with Rome so that he could set up a Church of England, headed by himself. This can be seen as a case of domestic policy impacting on foreign policy - Henry was obsessed with having a male heir to rule after his death. It was looking increasingly unlikely that Catherine of Aragon would be able to fulfil this wish, and so he needed to get a divorce so that he could marry Anne Boleyn. The next main aim in foreign policy came in 1539. At this point, there was a lull in the Hapsburg-Valois hostilities between Spain and France. It looked a distinct possibility that these two Catholic countries could forge an alliance and perhaps invade England, as she was becoming more Protestant. ...read more.

Middle

For example, he immediately ended the wars with Scotland and France. This was seen as losing face, but Northumberland was able to help the economy recover after the wars were ended. His other major act in foreign policy was to relinquish control of Boulogne to France earlier than had been agreed, and for a smaller sum of money. Again, this could be seen as weak but Northumberland needed the money to solve England's more pressing problems at home. In 1553, Edward died and Mary came to the throne. She brought about a distinct change in foreign policy. For example, she chose as her husband Philip II, the king of Spain. This was a dramatic turnaround in foreign policy, as England had been Protestant and Spain Catholic for some time. Mary was also happy to send English troops to assist Spain in her wars against France. Her main aim seems to have been to please Philip II and therefore secure a firm Catholic ally. ...read more.

Conclusion

The overall aim was to marry Edward to Mary Queen of Scots, however she was relocated to France and so the prospects of the marriage taking place seemed slim. However, Somerset made the situation even worse by carrying on the war after Mary had moved because he was afraid of making England look weak. He tied up financial resources that could have been much better spent elsewhere. The aim of Northumberland's foreign policy, as much as he had one, was to help England's economy recover. This is why he ended the wars and relinquished control over Boulogne to France. He was then able to spend money on helping the economy, e.g. recoining and paying off debts. Mary's foreign policy cannot really be seen as successful - however, this may only be because she was not on the throne long enough to properly implement it. Sending troops to help Spain fight against France was a mistake - it caused unrest at home and it eventually resulted in the loss of Calais, which made Mary look weak. Her marriage to Philip II was unpopular at court, because there was a strong influence (faction) from Spanish advisors. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    How successful was English foreign policy in the years 1509 1529?

    4 star(s)

    mark as a King who was not afraid of using battles and war, as methods of foreign political interaction. This was markedly different to his father's stance; Henry VII had been reluctant to fight wars because of the immense cost.

  2. Henry VII achieved the aims of his foreign policy. Comment

    When Isabella of Castile died in 1504 Spain was once again divided. Ferdinand and Henry were now rivals in the marriage market. Due to relations when it was unified, both Aragon and Castile were friendly with England and as Prince Arthur died, Catherine of Aragon was set to marry the new heir to England, Henry (would become Henry VIII).

  1. How far do you agree with Elton's interpretation of the roles of Somerset and ...

    His continued use of proclamations as well as his neglect of the Privy Council demonstrates this theme. The Treason Act had done more than permit religious discussions; it repealed a previous act, which said that royal proclamations had the same force as acts of Parliament.

  2. What were Cromwell's Religious aims?

    Cromwell thought that a dramatic change in government, which resulted in rule by a selection of godly men, would be the only way to bring about godly reformation. Cromwell faced trouble from revolutionary radicals such as the Diggers and Ranters who had many racial social and religious ideas.

  1. Henry VIII'S Foreign Policy.

    as it would have strengthened England's hold on the Calais Pale, Henry decided to conduct his campaign against Paris, which served Charles V's interests. In fact, Henry's army came within reach of Paris and yet was forced to turn back because of Charles's failures elsewhere.

  2. How far was Philip II successful in achieving his aims in his Foreign Policy?

    This enabled good relations with the French. Soon after the treaty was signed Spanish armies entered France from the Netherlands to support the Catholic League. Philip's army achieved many victories, though Philip's involvement with France in this case was a failure.

  1. If Philip had died in 1584, his foreign policy would have been considered a ...

    Philip treated the Papacy with generosity, making no territorial or financial demands, in return for peace. This was a wise decision because Philip earned a reputation for clemency, which gained him the support of major states in Italy. However Spanish relations with France remained poor.

  2. How Successful was Edward Carson in His Defense of Unionism During The Third Home ...

    (Stewart, 1997, p. 57) It can be said that the words that Bonar-Law used would have fanned sectarian tensions in Ulster. Carson would have been furious with this as the violence that irrupted from July 1912 was intense. Carson needed to portray a disciplined, united front.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work