• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why Did Britain go to war over Poland?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why Did Britain go to war over Poland? Britain and France chose to go to war with Germany in September 1939. The reasons behind this decision are based on the changes that occurred in public opinion in Britain after the Munich Agreement. Despite initial delight at having avoided war many had a feeling of guilt and betrayal which grew after Hitler sent troops into the rest of Czechoslovakia in March 1939. Hitler had broken his promise made to Chamberlain at Munich and the British public felt, by 1939 that German aggression had to be stopped. Hitler demanded Memel and Bohemia-Moravia and finally Poland. These demands proved that he had to be stopped by force and created an ever growing pro-war group in Parliament led by Winston Churchill who was anti-appeasement. At this time many were starting to realise the actual nature of the Nazi regime. ...read more.

Middle

Britain and France therefore realised that the ideal time to act was in 1939 as public opinion had turned against appeasement and British forces were now ready. For his part Hitler probably did not want a war with Great Britain and France in 1939, in actual fact he was devastated when they declared war. He didn't realise that there had been a shift in public opinion or understood that Britain's guarantee to protect Poland, March 1939, was serious. Britain and France had tried to avert war by allying with Russia in the summer of 1939. However, both sides were too suspicious of one another. Instead Stalin signed the Nazi-Soviet Pact in August 1939 to delay an inevitable German Invasion. Hitler also believed that without Russian support, Great Britain and France would not go to war over Poland, as they could not help Poland as they were so far away. ...read more.

Conclusion

World War would have been permanently averted or perhaps by delaying until 139, Britain re-armed enough to defend herself in the Battle of Britain in 1940. It is impossible ultimately to judge which action would have had the best outcome for Britain. In conclusion Britain went to war over Poland not only because it had to stop Germany's aggression to other countries, but also because it was the best time to do so. The British and French armed forces were reaching the peak of rearmament and air defences were strong. This helped to turn public opinion in favour of stopping the aggression by Hitler, as there was less fear of bombing and a greater awareness of the need to stop Hitler's aggresion. Overall had Britain and France not have acted then the outcome of the Second World War may have been totally different as they may not have had the strength to stand up to Germany's ever increasing armed forces. Ramesh Kanesan - UVC ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Vietnam war

    The peaceful phase of the antiwar movement had reached maturity as the entire nation was now aware that the foundations of administration foreign policy were being widely questioned. * As the movement's ideals spread beyond college campuses, doubts about the wisdom of escalation also began to appear within the administration itself.

  2. Hitlers Germany

    As more people joined the Nazi party the average age of joiners began to rise, from thirty in 1930 to thirty-two in 1932. By the end of 1932 the percentage of female members had increased slightly, from 5.9 percent to 7.8 percent.

  1. Apeasement Did the policy of appeasement go to any great lengths toward stopping the ...

    Concluding that the policy was pointless as it only prolonged the inevitable. In order to make an informed conclusion to whether or not appeasement was the correct policy to pursue, it is essential to look at the events and debates leading up to the out-break of world war 2.

  2. Did the policy of appeasement go to any great lengths toward stopping the outbreak ...

    of appeasement " We have eaten dirt in vain" This statement is clearly expressing the fact that Britain has tolerated the deceitful acts of Germany to no avail or successes. That the policy of appeasement was deemed to fail from the onset.

  1. 'At Munich Hitler gained what he wanted and achieved conquest without firing a shot' ...

    Bullock sees that Hitler used Konrad Henlein, the leader of the Sudeten German party as a tool/aid to provoke a situation in Czechoslovakia. 8 'Henlein's role was to raise demands that the Czechoslovak government could never agree to' Bullock believes that once Hitler had aroused a situation he would then

  2. The Battle Of Britain

    would mean Britain would be the only country resisting in the whole of Europe. As in most of his other invasions, Hitler boasted that the war would be over within six weeks and as a result decided not to provide his army with winter uniforms, and so he obviously believed what he had boasted.

  1. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    He was a member of, and more importantly vice-president of, the Petrograd Soviet. This meant that there was a link between the two governmental systems from the outset of their existence. This fact would make it hard for the Soviets to criticise the Provisional government if there was, in fact, a socialist within it.

  2. Explain the role of Czechoslovakia in the appeasement story.

    Therefore, the public got the impression that Britain was no longer invulnerable as Germany could now mount a huge air attack. Thus Hitler successfully created the atmosphere in Britain that the German rearmament was far ahead and therefore Britain should be careful and pressurized Britain to make some confessions.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work