• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Chamberlain appease Hitler at Munich and was he justified?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did Chamberlain appease Hitler at Munich and was he justified? While both Chamberlain and Deladier weren't particularly worried by Hitler's reunion with Austria, seeing it as a reversal of some of the injustice caused by the Treat of Versailles, Benes, the leader of Czechoslovakia, was rather appalled. He sought confirmation from Britain and France that they would stand up to Hitler if he ever invaded Czechoslovakia. The French reluctantly agreed, and having asked Hitler whether he would ever invade Czechoslovakia, Britain too agreed, reassured by his promise. When Hitler did decide he would take some parts of the Sudetenland, he satisfied Chamberlain by explaining that he was only interested in a small amount of land in order to help the German people who were being suppressed there. Four days later, on the 19th of September 1938, Hitler increased his demands, and said that he wanted the whole of the Sudetenland. ...read more.

Middle

At the time the agreement was signed, Britain was certainly not ready for a full-on war to settle a conflict between Czechoslovakia and Germany. Its economy was already suffering rather badly as a consequence of the First World War, and memories of it were still fresh in the public's mind a mere nineteen years later. To the British people, the idea of going to war at this point would have been thoroughly unpopular, as no one particularly wanted to relive the horrors of the Great War. Chamberlain's advisors supported this idea, telling him that Britain would never win a war against Germany. Importantly, the USA too were completely against going to war. Although historians now believe that British intelligence reports about the state of the German armed forces were wholly exaggerated, the thought of going to war against a country equipped to such a superior extent must have been rather difficult for Chamberlain. ...read more.

Conclusion

Churchill, who criticised appeasement but then went on to become Prime Minister when Chamberlain was proved wrong, was a relatively unimportant politician at the time. It was infinitely harder for Chamberlain to make the right decision then than it for historians to analyse the facts now, with the benefit of a great deal more knowledge. Hence, I feel it is necessary to say that one cannot definitely say that Chamberlain was wrong to appease Hitler, nor can one blame him for the course of action he chose to take. Although it is easy to say now that Chamberlain was in no way justified to appease Hitler, Chamberlain and his advisors had come to the conclusion that war in 1938 had to be avoided at all costs. Chamberlain had no way of knowing that Hitler would invade the Sudetenland on the 1st of October that year. I believe that one cannot condone Chamberlain's actions, but even though history has proved him to have been unsuccessful, one cannot say that he was in no way justified by attempting to appease Hitler. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Hitlers Germany

    Several tenacious historians, social scientists, and journalists such as Werner Maser, Helmut Heiber, Max Domarus, Ernst Nolte, Martin Broszat, Karl Dietrich Bracher, and Joachim Fest wrote or edited incisive and comprehensive studies on Adolf Hitler and National Socialism. Elementary and secondary schools revamped their outmoded curricula and began to instruct their students more honestly regarding Germany's recent past.

  2. Why was the Munich agreement signed on September 29th 1938?

    Hitler was under pressure from his Generals to avoid war as they did not believe that Germany was ready. Therefore, he saw the agreement as a way of pacifying other European countries, like Britain, and give more time to fully develop his forces.

  1. 'At Munich Hitler gained what he wanted and achieved conquest without firing a shot' ...

    Of the book I have chapter eight at my disposal (appendix 1), which focuses directly on the Czech crisis. Within this chapter there are several examples of Taylor's opportunistic views. With regard to the mounting internal tension from the German National movement in Czechoslovakia.

  2. Explain the role of Czechoslovakia in the appeasement story.

    It was led by Konran Henlein who advocated some degree of self-government for the Sudeten Germans. But he was careful not to be to extreme or his party might have been disbanded. Therefore, he very effectively balanced the extremist and moderate views and in 1935 he won a very large number of seats in West Czechoslovakia.

  1. Was appeasement justified?

    This put Russia on "Hitler's Hit List". And Appeasement meant that neither Britain nor France would get in Hitler's way. So was there actually anything good about Appeasement? As mentioned before many British people thought that Appeasement was definitely a good idea.

  2. Was Appeasement Justified?

    spread of communism and so the alliance had no chance of survival. 3 I think source A is quite a strong source and can be judged to be fairly reliable.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work