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Why did many Bolsheviks oppose the New Economic Policy?

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´╗┐Why did many Bolsheviks oppose the New Economic Policy? Many Bolsheviks opposed the New Economic Policy because it was not a Communist ideal. Lenin adopted a policy that encouraged a capitalist economy, when the Bolshevik?s political backing was challenged by the mutiny of the Kronstadt naval army. The rebellion of the soldiers made Lenin realise he was pressuring the people of Russia to become Communist too rapidly and he settled for trying to integrate Communism into Russia gradually. War Communism had placed strict measures on the economy and denied Russia the ability to flourish in its industrial and agricultural production. By allowing a private market for peasants to profit on their surplus of grain, this prompted an increase in agricultural production, but the implementation of a private enterprise ...read more.


The NEP also allowed new traders and for private businesses to be set up, another facet of a capitalist economy. Members of the Politburo particularly disliked the NEP, as they believed Lenin had betrayed Communism by surrendering to state capitalism. Old Bolsheviks, evidently, despised the mixed monetary economy and decided to leave the party. Those who opposed the NEP believed that classes had been re-established and was not for the greater good of Russia. The results of the NEP in 1922 proved that the introduction of the NEP had improved the economy and restored prosperity to the country, and as a result many people were happier, tensions among the workers and the uprising of the peasants had subsided. ...read more.


The NEP was a temporary measure to sustain Bolshevik power in Russia, although the NEP was successful in most parts, the NEP led to a ?scissors crisis?, a period of which there was conflict between the prices of agricultural and industrial goods that demotivated the peasants to produce an excess of goods. On the whole, the peasants prospered from the policy and felt they had gained control over the farming of their land without too much state interference. Additionally, there was a widespread feeling that the NEP signalled the end of Communism as Lenin had reverted to state capitalism, because the former government?s lack of capability to control a centrally directed industry and food supply, but it was outlined by Lenin and members of the Politburo the NEP would not be a permanent policy. ...read more.

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