• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did parliament win the civil war?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did Parliament win the Civil War? The Civil War broke out in 1642, when Charles I raised his royal standard in Nottingham. The Civil War was not a long continuous war, Armies lacked mobility and this meant that the time taken to collect basic equipment was often long and there were periods where no fighting took place. There were many factors that enabled Parliament to win the Civil War, their leadership was organised, they had support from more compact areas that were economically advance and had superior resources and the organisation of their military and finances also were improved. However, these factors were not at all sufficient to enable Parliament to win the Civil War until the Battle of Naseby and the re-emergence of neutralism. One of the main problems that both side faced at the start of war was how to build an Army efficiently and both Parliament and the King had different conceptions on how the country should be organised for war. Charles built his war effort around local aristocrats with regional power and Parliament was more impersonal and arbitrary, using its legislative power to create a tax-collecting bureaucracy supporting, eventually a professional standing army. ...read more.

Middle

Parliament was first off the mark to gain control of the county militias, with the Militia Ordinance in 1642. At first though, it seemed that Parliament was following the same traditional path as the King in terms of setting up county committees. However, Parliament then introduced methods that went beyond the scope of traditional methods. In 1643 a series of ordinances were passed aimed mainly at securing funding at the basis for a future victory, assuming that it would survive long enough for the ordinances to take effect. Parliament were able to deal with problems such as neutralism by making strategic sense of its forces and grouping its country militias into association armies; this was similar to the Royalist' groupings of counties into military districts but Parliament took the process one step further. In 1643 the Eastern Association was reorganised, giving its Commander the Earl of Manchester, power to impress a further 20,000 men and then in 1644 Parliament gave the Earl of Manchester direct control of tax assessments raised in the eastern counties; therefore making the Army of the Eastern Association Parliament's most effective force. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Battle at Marston Moor was Parliaments first major victory and helped Parliament win the Civil War as it enabled Parliament to redeploy its armies in the Midlands and South, boosted Parliaments morale and enhanced the reputation of Oliver Cromwell. Throughout the beginning of the Civil War there were political divisions and internal arguments within the Parliamentary party as no single person could claim the right to make decisions as the King could and 'war' and 'peace' parties formed, which believed in different things. This political crisis was resolved by the Self-Denying Ordinance in April 1645, which separated military and political factions and paved way for the New Model Army which was controlled by centralised command. In conclusion Parliament were able to win the Civil War due to superior resources, better leadership and military command and superior support. However the victory was not inevitable as the King did have some advantages over Parliament. However, it was the Parliaments ability to utilise their superior resources and the Kings inability to utilise theirs that enabled Parliament to win the Civil War. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Why did Parliament win the English Civil War?

    An example of one of these loyal royal supporters was the Marquis of Newcastle- he donated over �1million between 1642-1644 and supplied troops known as the 'Whitecoats'. These donations were often substantial, however they did not represent a permanent source of income and the royalists were at times short of money, whereas Parliament's financial position was relatively secure throughout.

  2. Why did Parliament win the Civil War?

    It was passed in 1645 saying that no member of the Lords or the House of Commons could be an army officer. Oliver Cromwell was the only exception. The New Model Army Ordinance was passed on 19 February 1645, of which Oliver Cromwell officially became the Lieutenant General of Horse in June.

  1. Why Did Parliament Win The Civil War?

    loyal to parliament including Norwich and all the major ports other than Bristol which was in the hands of the Royalists. This meant that parliament had tight control over much of the trade in and out of land, which in turn meant more money from taxes for the war effort.

  2. Why did Parliament win the First Civil War?

    members in Parliament, in the Peace Party that wanted negotiation with Charles but Pym was completely against this idea so convinced them to agree to fight the King. John Pym's most important contribution to Parliament's war effort was his negotiations with the Scots to send an army to fight for Parliament in the Solemn League and Covenant.

  1. Why did Parliament win the first civil war?

    During the years of the war, many supporters of the King would change sides because they found out that Parliamentary soldiers got paid more regularly. This gained more support for Parliament and less for the king. London also had its rich merchants that helped to fund the war Allies are important in any war.

  2. The roles and leadership of Charles Stuart and John Pym in the English Civil ...

    The King had many advantages in the beginning of the Civil War, such as his position as monarch. According to Angela Anderson's5 The Civil Wars 1640-9 he had far more loyal subjects at his disposal who helped fund the war and lend men and cavalry.

  1. Was Oliver Cromwell a hero or a villain?

    The enemy entered Mill Mount without resistance. They put every soldier to sword and all the citizens who were Irish."-*14. He was very cruel in his handling of the Irish and their property after the battle - he took their fertile land and took it for the English, and forced the Irish out of their homes in winter.

  2. Why did Parliament win the Civil War?

    The structure of the armies was hugely significant. At the start of the war, sides were structured in a similar way, however at the failure of the Uxbridge peace negotiations, the New Modal Army was formed, and this played a significant role in the Parliamentarian win.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work