• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the Liberals introduce Social Reform 1906-1914?

Extracts from this document...


Why did the Liberals Introduce Social Reform 1906-14? The liberal government 1906-14 is remembered for the changes introduced in the field of social reform. They changed the 19th century perception from self help to a policy of state intervention on behalf of the lower classes. This found favour with some, but not with everyone. There are many reasons as to why the liberal government introduced social reform. Studies carried out by Booth and Rowntree in the late 19th century, informed the liberals of the many problems the lower class faced, and how poverty was seriously affecting peoples' lives. It was discovered that almost 30% of the York population lived under the poverty line, meaning that they could barely survive. In London 35% of the population lived in abject poverty. Rowntree was a supporter of the liberal party and befriended Lloyd George. Rowntree's influence can be seen in liberal reforms. He had concluded that children and old aged people were most at risk from poverty, and that this was a result of low wages. ...read more.


They would've been sitting targets for the enemy and would have died pointlessly. If the government did not heighten the quality of health and fitness in the working class, then if another war was to break out (though at the time they knew nothing of the approaching World War I) then the country could be n serious trouble and danger. Social reform would be needed to improve the health of the working class for the benefit of the country. The Labour party, formed in 1900, wanted social reform in Britain and believed more in it than the Liberal government. The working class were moving more towards the Labour party at the promises of a welfare state that they offered them, which they so desperately needed. The Liberal government had to react to this, and with Labour politicians already in the cabinet it was important that the Liberals introduced their own regime of state intervention to maintain votes and supporters from the working class. ...read more.


The Liberals had capitalised on the exhausted Conservative party and to win the election they offered Britain a 'new look' Liberalism party. One of the newest additions to the Liberal party's policies was the promise of social reform. The Liberal party had previously always supported self help. When they came into office they had to fulfil their promises to the people and so social reform started to be introduced. In conclusion, one can conclude that social reform was brought about by many factors. Due to the demand for social reform from the people of Britain and the factors that showed a need for state invention the Liberals had little choice but to introduce some state of social reform in the country. Many of their original ideas can still be seen today and was the foundation of the Welfare State that we now live in. It greatly benefitted the country. These social reforms benefitted the working class and reduced poverty in Britain. It was one of the last great acts by the Liberal party. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The Liberal Reforms (1906-1914)

    4 star(s)

    It was also found that 55% of children with defects had not had any form of treatment, whilst many of the others had not received the continuing treatment that they required. It was also recognised in 1908 that many children were being mistreated and that laws had to be introduced to improve this situation.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Why did the liberal government introduce social reforms 1906-1914?

    4 star(s)

    this minimum amount was called the poverty line. Over a third of the population of Britain were earning under this poverty line whilst another third were just meeting it. Nearly all of the unemployment was caused by ill health or just lack of work available.

  1. Why did the Liberals win and the Conservatives lose the 1906 Election?

    One thing that Balfour was not convinced about was Joseph Chamberlain's idea about Tariff Reform. However, he did not stop chamberlain and allowed it to dominate between the years of 1903 and 1908. Balfour's relationship with the working class will be discussed further on in that section.

  2. To what extent could the Liberal reforms of 1906-1914 be described as a radical ...

    Even so there was still opposition as some believed that parents were responsible for children and that government intervention would only undermine individual freedom and responsibility. Despite such beliefs there was a common consensus that the poverty experienced by the poorest working class children was a national disgrace and a range of measures were introduced.

  1. Critically assess the reasons for the liberal adoption of a policy of social reform ...

    These factors show clearly that Britain in 1906 was in need and was prepared as a country for social reform as new ideas came to light about the poverty situation. The Social Reforms came about partially because poverty and its true cause were exposed and people saw the harsh reality for themselves.

  2. Why did the Liberals introduce major social reforms from 1906 to 1911 and how ...

    One could assume that the most likely of reasons for introducing the reforms would have been to gain some tactical advantage over the other parties(Hay, 1975, p27), particularly over the emerging Labour Party. This argument can be validated further by the fact that, by the early 1900s, the Labour Party

  1. Evaluate the reasons for Phillip II's unpopularity in the Netherlands.

    Firstly, more blamed acting regents than the King for unpopular economic policy - at least until Orangist propaganda grew tired of isolating the King from negative aspects. Furthermore, economic views are always widely debated. The 10th Penny was in fact supported by many Southern nobles and few people throughout history have greeted increased taxes with cheers.

  2. To what extent were the welfare reforms of the Liberal governments between 1906 and ...

    Further evidence for the Liberals being worried by the rise of the Labour party is that they stole many Labour ideas, and made them their own. For example the Old Age Pensions Act was originally an idea proposed by Labour MP?s, but the bill was hijacked by the Liberals, who

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work