Why was Slavery Abolished in the British Empire by 1833?
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Why was Slavery Abolished in the British Empire by 1833? In 1833, slavery was abolished in the British Empire after years of conflict and the hard work of abolitionists in London. Around the era of slavery more people were for it than against it. Even though there were too less people against it, they were still stronger believers. In this essay I will be discussing the persuasive arguments and events that took place to cause the abolition of slavery in the British Empire by 1833. Aspect 1: The White Campaigners The Abolitionists Parliament passed on the Slavery Abolition Act in 1833. The act gave all slaves in the British Empire their freedom. It was one of the great issues of the 19th century. By 1833 the final stages of the Abolition by Britain had been enacted. In 1776 a young man called Adam Smith wrote that slave- worked economies were not economical because an unpaid worker did not work as hard. Quakers and Methodists spoke against slavery in the courts of law. Other people joined in and so did some ex-African slaves, such as Olaudah Equiano. Olaudah Equiano was a slave who was bought from Africa in 1751 (when he was eleven). Eventually, 1787 the Royal Society of Abolitionists was formed.
Aspect 2: The Great Reform Act At the same time as campaigns rose, a major campaign was formed to allow me n to vote in elections. There were many riots. Eventually, the 'Great Reform Act' was passed which allowed male adults to vote in elections. Aspect 3: Is Slavery becoming less profitable? Another cause is that slavery started to become less profitable in Britain. In 1770, the income from Jamaica alone was £1,500,000. In 1800 about 5% of the national income came from the trade in slaves and the West Indian countries. Such as, in 1776 a man called Adam Smith wrote that the British owners of plantations became less profitable; due to the fact that slave workers did not work hard enough. Aspect 4: Authorities and Revolts After the revolting, the French Revolution took place in 1789, the government of the Europe continent decided to turn the countries into realms of freedom and equality and brotherhood. This meant that slaves should be free. An island known as St. Domingue took the thoughts of liberty from the French Revolution and used it for the freedom of slaves. It was situated in the West Indies as a French Colony. Coalitions were made with Britain as plantation owners were trying to avoid an act like the French Revolution.
After six months of captivity he was bought to the coast where he encountered white men for the first time. Aspect 6: Economics The West Indies started to become less important to Britain and places such as Brazil started to produce cheaper goods such as sugar. Many plantations closed down in West Indies. The slave trade was abolished in 1807. It then took many years until slaver over all was abolished. However, laws were still passing as some people started to sneak slaves into the country. The English knew that they were making no money and when they realised that other countries were producing cheap goods, other plantations were closed down. Conclusion After looking at the causes of the abolition of slavery in the British Empire by 1833, I think that the main reason was that the blacks took action and rejected the working habits and did anything to but their freedom. The rebellions and petitions were also very important as this dissolved the Slave Trade. It would also not have worked if the abolitionists did not come into society. With their help they showed England and all other countries that participated in the Act of Slavery, how bad it was. Authors also persuaded people to turn against slavery in their books. Such as the well known book by Olaudah Equiano, Zong. All the aspects are linked but I think overall all the help was used to abolish slavery, finally. Slavery was abolished in 1833.
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