• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Law - Discribe the British Jury System.

Extracts from this document...


To be eligible for jury service a person must be aged between 18/70 and be registered to vote on the electoral register as se out in the juries Act 1974, as amended by Criminal Justice Act of 1988. However some people, who qualify under the criteria above, are still not allowed to serve on a jury, because they are disqualified or ineligible for some other reason. Some criminal convictions will disqualify you from serving on a jury, the length of time of disqualification depending on the sentence given. In addition, the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994 has disqualified those on bail from sitting as jurors. People suffering from certain mental illness people whose occupations are concerned with the administration of justice or who have been so employed within the last 10 years; this is a wide group as it includes judges, court clerks, Barristers, solicitors and polices, priest, monks and nuns as they could have a biased view. Apart from these group there are also people who have the right to refuse to do jury service; they are 'excusable as of right' this group includes: Members of Parliament, those serving in the armed forces, doctors, nurses and pharmacist anyone aged 65 to 70, anyone who has done jury service within the last years. ...read more.


During the trial jurors may make notes of any points they wish to be given clips of any documentary evidence of photographs, the judge decides any necessary points of law during the trial and at the end of the trial he explains any legal matters, that the jury need to know to reach their verdict. Formerly the verdict of a jury had to be unanimous, but now the criminal justice act of 1967, provides that a majority verdict may be allowed. The court cannot, however accept a majority verdict unless the jury has been deliberating for no less than two hours, when the verdict need not then be unanimous if: A) In a case where there are not less than eleven jurors, ten of them agree; or B) In a case where there are ten jurors, nine of them agree. It must be stated in open court as to the number of jurors who respectively agreed to and dissented from the verdict, some times when juries go out or are deliberating; they can some times which is where a member of a jury, for a case could be bribed or threatened. When in a case where a juror dies or is ill, provided that both sides agree and the number of jurors is not reduced below ten, the case may continue and a verdict maybe given. ...read more.


Young people and those from ethnic minorities are less likely than other groups to register to vote. The ranchmen commission 1993 on the criminal Justice System proposed that in some cases if random selection does not produce a multiracial jury, then such a jury should be deliberately chosen. Another case of under-representation is the number of discretionary excusals allowed in the London it is said that as many as a third of all those summonsed to do jury service may be excused. This affects some types of people more than others, when mothers with young children as it has a jury and he was found not guilty. The disadvantages could be that: The minimum age of 18 could or maybe too inexperienced for jury service, or educational test for their task, and maybe too easily impressed and swayed by advocacy of experienced counsel. Local prejudice may exist in certain trials, and this may be reflected in local jurors; corrupt influences, threats and intimidation from outside parties, some trials are long and may cause inconvenience to jurors, who may suffer financially and the cost to the state will also be high. The media can also play a major role in the disadvantage of the jury service, the Bruce Grobellaar case he was charged of match fixing, so he went to a civil court but there was a burden of proof in the case, the level of proof established in the case was beyond reasonable d ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Machinery of Justice section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Machinery of Justice essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    ‘Trial by jury is outdated, expensive and ineffective in ensuring justice’ Analyse arguments for ...

    4 star(s)

    asked to leave all their experiences outside the courtroom (Sanders & Young, 2000:551). There are many argument against juries - poor representation of gender, race and class, lack of skill in dealing with complex cases, their subjective opinions, the cost of the trials and their apparent tendency to be swayed

  2. What justification was there for Socrates' trial, verdict and death sentence?

    it was his own fault for antagonising and his constant criticism, and the plays would have never have been created otherwise. Even though he did not force pupils to copy his ways, he also did no good by practising these methods in public, which broke down the morals of society, and set him out as a bad role model.

  1. The jury system or right to a trial by jury is often described as ...

    The verdict of a jury in the Crown Court or High Court need not be unanimous; if there are 11 jurors ten of them must agree or where there are ten jurors nine of them must agree. The verdict of a complete jury of eight in a county court need not be unanimous if seven agree.

  2. What Impact will Formalising Plea Bargaining have on Justice and Equality in the English ...

    Thus, the need for a public hearing where the state must generate facts to give good reason for punishing the accused is substituted by admissions of guilt from the accused which, because they will be claimed to be open, taken without pressure and voluntary, presents the basis for the entry of a conviction.

  1. I will look at different black theologies and different theories of justice, and attempt ...

    Cone's hermeneutics are affected by Marx. Although he does not refer to Marx very often, he uses Marx's critique of society and its economic power structure as a basis for his theology. Importantly, Marx's influence on Cone is to make Cone apply the hermeneutic of suspicion.

  2. Describe trial by jury within the English legal system. How effective is trial by ...

    The jury is required to sit quietly throughout the trial and to listen carefully to the speeches of counsel, to the presentation of the evidence and to the cross examination of witnesses, making notes if necessary. At the end of the prosecution case, the judge has the power to direct

  1. Why do young people join gangs and other subcultures? How does a criminal sub ...

    Although they can do very little about the general conditions of their lives, they do not want any one to push them around. Criminal Sub-culture Structure * Stable, cohesive, working class community: In this respect, the potential criminal will be able to develop contacts within both the mainstream working class

  2. Explain the ranges of sentences available to the judge or magistrate.

    When reaching an appropriate sentence a Judge or Magistrate will take certain factors into account. These will be factors like, Statute, precedent, Criminal Justice Act 1991, Crime Sentences Act 1997 and the Crime Disorder Act. Things like the seriousness of the offence whether the public need to be protected,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work