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Law - Discribe the British Jury System.

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Introduction

To be eligible for jury service a person must be aged between 18/70 and be registered to vote on the electoral register as se out in the juries Act 1974, as amended by Criminal Justice Act of 1988. However some people, who qualify under the criteria above, are still not allowed to serve on a jury, because they are disqualified or ineligible for some other reason. Some criminal convictions will disqualify you from serving on a jury, the length of time of disqualification depending on the sentence given. In addition, the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994 has disqualified those on bail from sitting as jurors. People suffering from certain mental illness people whose occupations are concerned with the administration of justice or who have been so employed within the last 10 years; this is a wide group as it includes judges, court clerks, Barristers, solicitors and polices, priest, monks and nuns as they could have a biased view. Apart from these group there are also people who have the right to refuse to do jury service; they are 'excusable as of right' this group includes: Members of Parliament, those serving in the armed forces, doctors, nurses and pharmacist anyone aged 65 to 70, anyone who has done jury service within the last years. ...read more.

Middle

During the trial jurors may make notes of any points they wish to be given clips of any documentary evidence of photographs, the judge decides any necessary points of law during the trial and at the end of the trial he explains any legal matters, that the jury need to know to reach their verdict. Formerly the verdict of a jury had to be unanimous, but now the criminal justice act of 1967, provides that a majority verdict may be allowed. The court cannot, however accept a majority verdict unless the jury has been deliberating for no less than two hours, when the verdict need not then be unanimous if: A) In a case where there are not less than eleven jurors, ten of them agree; or B) In a case where there are ten jurors, nine of them agree. It must be stated in open court as to the number of jurors who respectively agreed to and dissented from the verdict, some times when juries go out or are deliberating; they can some times which is where a member of a jury, for a case could be bribed or threatened. When in a case where a juror dies or is ill, provided that both sides agree and the number of jurors is not reduced below ten, the case may continue and a verdict maybe given. ...read more.

Conclusion

Young people and those from ethnic minorities are less likely than other groups to register to vote. The ranchmen commission 1993 on the criminal Justice System proposed that in some cases if random selection does not produce a multiracial jury, then such a jury should be deliberately chosen. Another case of under-representation is the number of discretionary excusals allowed in the London it is said that as many as a third of all those summonsed to do jury service may be excused. This affects some types of people more than others, when mothers with young children as it has a jury and he was found not guilty. The disadvantages could be that: The minimum age of 18 could or maybe too inexperienced for jury service, or educational test for their task, and maybe too easily impressed and swayed by advocacy of experienced counsel. Local prejudice may exist in certain trials, and this may be reflected in local jurors; corrupt influences, threats and intimidation from outside parties, some trials are long and may cause inconvenience to jurors, who may suffer financially and the cost to the state will also be high. The media can also play a major role in the disadvantage of the jury service, the Bruce Grobellaar case he was charged of match fixing, so he went to a civil court but there was a burden of proof in the case, the level of proof established in the case was beyond reasonable d ...read more.

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