Aerobic power/cardio-vascular endurance.

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Introduction

Aerobic power/cardio-vascular endurance I have chosen very high for this requirement of sport because although the football pitch itself is not very long the game will often go from end to end and the mid fielders will have to follow the game up and down the pitch for as much as 120 minutes if the game goes into extra time. On average a midfield player will run 9-13 kilometres a match which obviously requires a lot of endurance if the player wishes to keep a good pace of play throughout the game; yet not all of this is jogging, some is spent sprinting and some is spent walking. This is a pie chart that shows on average what percentage of that 9-13 kilometres is spent doing: (http://www.soccerperformance.org/playertypes/physdemandsprosoccer.htm) So if we say a midfield player had run 10 kilometres in a game on average 4.6 kilometres of that would be jogging, 1.7 kilo metres of high speed running and 0.3 kilometres of sprinting. Although the have resting periods where they walking, after sprinting or running and high speeds Anaerobic power/speed Footballers require high anaerobic power and speed because although they are playing for around 90 minutes and must have high endurance but as you can

Middle

If a player can't keep their strength up for the full 90 minutes they could possibly lose the match in the dying moments. Abdominal strength and endurance Football players don't often use their abdominals apart from in the aiding of their breathing, as players will be constantly running and particularly just after a spurt of sprinting player must be able to catch their breathe again in order to then carry on running to either get up the pitch or get back to begin defending. This doesn't necessitate particularly strong abdominals but it does require some endurance to able to keep their cardio-vascular system strong enough for 90 minutes. Having good abdominal strength and endurance will also aid their general upper body strength which will obviously aid their play. Also a player may be twisting and turning for a lot of the time during a match and having quite good abdominal endurance can aid this. Joint mobility/flexibility Football players don't require great flexibility although it can aid some parts of their play. For example when stretching to make a tackle having good supple joints can only aid them in this sense.

Conclusion

Timing Timing goes almost hand in hand with being a professional footballer, it is extremely important for all players to have when defending and attacking. Situations where players may be using their timing can be when going in for a tackle, going up for a header, passing the ball, making a run off or on the ball and basically every footballing situation that can be imagined because without it it's easy to mid judge the skill you are trying to carry out. For example if you can't time your runs properly then you will either be caught off side or the defender will beat you to the pass coming from your team mate. Or when going up for a header if you don't time your jump correctly you might be dropping downwards as it reaches you; either causing it to go straight over you or bounce off the top off your head and fall behind you. Even simple things like dribbling the ball require timing in order to carry out, if you can't time when and where you must be hitting the ball you might get it caught up in your feet or kick it too far in front of you.

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