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Anatomy for sports and exercise Task 1The function of a skeleton is to give us support to stand up and move, it also gives us our posture

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Introduction

Anatomy for sports and exercise Task 1 The function of a skeleton is to give us support to stand up and move, it also gives us our posture and shape and is a framework for out vital organs such as our brain, lungs and heart and so on. So basically the function of our skeleton is to support, protect and enable movement. The human skeleton is made up of 206 bones. The human skeleton provides a lever system which muscles can pull. It produces red blood cells and also sores fats and calcium and also phosphate. The skeleton is divided into 2 groups the appendicular skeleton, appendicular meaning hanging on and the axial skeleton arranged along the long axis o our body. Our axial skeleton includes the skull, the vertebral column and the bony thorax (ribs). This provides us with central support for the body and protects internal support. There are a total of 24 individual vertebrae in the spinal column, the fused vertebrae that make up the coccyx and sacrum. The coccyx and the sacrum is the part that is shaded in red on the diagram, the sacrum is the upper half and the coccyx is the lower half. ...read more.

Middle

The clavicle (collarbone) and the scapula (shoulder blade). The clavicle is anterior and articulates with the acromion of the scapula and the sternal manubrium. The scapula is posterior and articulates with the head of the humerus. right posterior right anterior The pelvis is the bony structure located at the base of the spine. The pelvis incorporates the socket portion of the hip joint for each leg or hind leg. It forms the lower limb girdle of the skeleton. The pelvis is symmetrical and each side is actually made up of three separate bones - the upper half, the middle and the bottom. These three bones fuse together with age. The pelvis is joined to the sacrum bone by ligaments and the hip bones nest in specially shaped sockets on each side. A female pelvis is wider and shallower than a male pelvis. The pelvis protects the digestive and reproductive organs in the lower part of the body, and many large nerves and blood vessels pass through it to supply the legs. It is also an important load bearing part of the skeletal system. ...read more.

Conclusion

Biologically, it can't heal itself. There are 6 types of synovial joints ball and socket, pivort, saddle, gliding hinge and candyloid. Synovial joints have bones covered at their articulating surfaces with articular cartilage (Hyaline cartilage). * An example for a hinge joint will be your elbow. Hinge joints allows extension and flexion movements. * An example for a ball and socket joint will be your hips and shoulders, a ball and socket joint allows for radial movement in almost any direction. * An example for a pivort joint will be the neck and forearms. Pivot joints allow rotation around an axis. In the neck the occipital bone spins over the top of the axis. In the forearms the radius and ulna twist around each other. * An example for a saddle joint will be the metacarpal bones in your hand they sit on top of each other allowing a back and forth and up and down movement * An example for a gliding joint will be Metacarpals and midtarsal joints. It allows a gliding or plane joint bones slide past each other. * An example for a candlyoid joint will be your wrist. Candyloid are similar to ball and socket joints. They allow the same type of movement but to a lesser magnitude. Task 3 ...read more.

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