• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Anatomy for sports and exercise Task 1The function of a skeleton is to give us support to stand up and move, it also gives us our posture

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Anatomy for sports and exercise Task 1 The function of a skeleton is to give us support to stand up and move, it also gives us our posture and shape and is a framework for out vital organs such as our brain, lungs and heart and so on. So basically the function of our skeleton is to support, protect and enable movement. The human skeleton is made up of 206 bones. The human skeleton provides a lever system which muscles can pull. It produces red blood cells and also sores fats and calcium and also phosphate. The skeleton is divided into 2 groups the appendicular skeleton, appendicular meaning hanging on and the axial skeleton arranged along the long axis o our body. Our axial skeleton includes the skull, the vertebral column and the bony thorax (ribs). This provides us with central support for the body and protects internal support. There are a total of 24 individual vertebrae in the spinal column, the fused vertebrae that make up the coccyx and sacrum. The coccyx and the sacrum is the part that is shaded in red on the diagram, the sacrum is the upper half and the coccyx is the lower half. ...read more.

Middle

The clavicle (collarbone) and the scapula (shoulder blade). The clavicle is anterior and articulates with the acromion of the scapula and the sternal manubrium. The scapula is posterior and articulates with the head of the humerus. right posterior right anterior The pelvis is the bony structure located at the base of the spine. The pelvis incorporates the socket portion of the hip joint for each leg or hind leg. It forms the lower limb girdle of the skeleton. The pelvis is symmetrical and each side is actually made up of three separate bones - the upper half, the middle and the bottom. These three bones fuse together with age. The pelvis is joined to the sacrum bone by ligaments and the hip bones nest in specially shaped sockets on each side. A female pelvis is wider and shallower than a male pelvis. The pelvis protects the digestive and reproductive organs in the lower part of the body, and many large nerves and blood vessels pass through it to supply the legs. It is also an important load bearing part of the skeletal system. ...read more.

Conclusion

Biologically, it can't heal itself. There are 6 types of synovial joints ball and socket, pivort, saddle, gliding hinge and candyloid. Synovial joints have bones covered at their articulating surfaces with articular cartilage (Hyaline cartilage). * An example for a hinge joint will be your elbow. Hinge joints allows extension and flexion movements. * An example for a ball and socket joint will be your hips and shoulders, a ball and socket joint allows for radial movement in almost any direction. * An example for a pivort joint will be the neck and forearms. Pivot joints allow rotation around an axis. In the neck the occipital bone spins over the top of the axis. In the forearms the radius and ulna twist around each other. * An example for a saddle joint will be the metacarpal bones in your hand they sit on top of each other allowing a back and forth and up and down movement * An example for a gliding joint will be Metacarpals and midtarsal joints. It allows a gliding or plane joint bones slide past each other. * An example for a candlyoid joint will be your wrist. Candyloid are similar to ball and socket joints. They allow the same type of movement but to a lesser magnitude. Task 3 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Anatomy & Physiology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Anatomy & Physiology essays

  1. Physiology Within Sport

    It was researched that an trained athletes alveoli's if stretched out could fulfil a whole tennis court and another quarter of a tennis court, this was calculated an endurance based athlete, and the same research was carried out on a untrained athlete, and it was calculated that their alveoli's would only fulfil just one tennis court if laid out flat.

  2. Skeletal System and Joints

    Immovable joints are rigid and they do not move hence the name. They are used in the skull to joint together parts of the skull and are fused in a way by intergrowth. These are fontanels. On the site that the sternocleidomastoid originates from the skull there is a fontanel called the mastoid fontanel.

  1. The purpose of a nutritional assessment is to categorise individuals and evaluate their health, ...

    appetite associated with the ageing process, chronic disease, drug/alcohol dependency, eating disorders, food allergies and failure to absorb nutrients following weight loss surgery Over Nutrition The most common symptom that is seen in over nutrition is when an individual is overweight or obese, which is the result of eating too much, eating the wrongs things and not doing enough exercise.

  2. structure and function of the digestive system and nutrients

    in the body * To aid in the body's metabolism Proteins consist of large compounds made of amino acids and these are structured in linear chains. Sources of Protein include: * Meats * Fish * Beans * Eggs * Nuts * Dairy Products e.g.

  1. A level Project, Personal Exercise Program on Netball.

    The player was able to anticipate the opposing player's actions due to signalling from other team members. A firm jump was made grabbing the ball in front of the opposing player whilst they were attempting receiving a pass from another team player.

  2. Free essay

    functions of the skeleton

    http://www.monstermass.co.uk/ cstom/bodytype_mesomorph.jpg Ectomorph http://www.monstermass.co.uk/ cstom/bodytype_ectomorph.jpg a ectomorph is usually tall and skinny this means the have a high centre of gravity which results in them being not so capable of competing in such sports like sprinting compared to mesomorphs. The sports that ectomorphs are usually good at are basket ball or volleyball.

  1. A.S Personal exercise program for netball

    Lack of strength/muscular endurance causes fatigue of the body and so the standard of play lowers. Cardio Respiratory Endurance Provides the working muscles with oxygen in the blood from the alveolus and through the pulmonary vein and into the left atrium and then into the left ventricle through muscle contractions.

  2. Muscles and Joints.

    The pelvis is attached to the femur. In the pelvis is a pair of hip bones attached to the spine at the sacrum. Muscles The muscles of the body make the person look like what the person is for example the muscle in the chest or arms tell you how strong the person is.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work