• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Female Participation in Sport

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Development Stage - Introduction For this part of the investigation a planned research report has to be carried out. Many resources will be accessed such as the internet and books. Effective research techniques will be applied and a report will be produced. The topic which is going to be investigated is female participation rates in sport. By looking at many different sports such as hockey, athletics and basketball I will be able to see the struggles woman have had to become an equal force in the sporting world which they are today seeing as in the past the woman was not on a level playing field to men and where seen as giving children to men and putting their meals on the table for their husbands. Straight from the outset this idea was suggested as in the cavemen days the males where known as the "hunter gatherer". This idea of the "hunter gatherer" allows you to understand why at first the males where so superior to the females. When hunting the males would have to throw spears, wrestle animals in order to kill them for food etc. These actions gave males a superior head start considering the first events in the Olympics in Ancient Greece was events closely linked to the jobs entailed in hunting. For example, throwing events such as the javelin, the hammer throw etc and also wrestling events. The first Olympics to take place were in 776BC and women were excluded. "Bicycling has done more to emancipate women than anything else in the world. ...read more.

Middle

But while media attention has focused on the appointment of Karren Brady as Managing Director of Birmingham City in 1993 and the role of Delia Smith as a Director at Norwich City, little heed has been paid to other influential posts held by women. A selection of these include Chairperson at Tranmere Rovers, Chief Executive at Colchester United, Club President at Bristol City and an Executive Director at Birmingham City. Within the current Championship (previously Division 1) are two female Directors, a Chief Executive and a Director of Operations. At League 1 clubs (formerly Division 2) women fill posts as Club President, Vice President, Chairperson, Chief Executive, General Manager and two Associate Directors. In Scotland, the Chief Executive at Greenock Morton and the General Manager at Livingston are women. In rugby league, a quintessentially male sport, Hull currently boasts a female Chairperson, Managing Director and three board members while Wigan has both a female Chief Executive and Chief Administrator. Methodology for investigation To gain efficient and effective information on female participation rates in sport when looking for secondary information various places i.e. internet, books, journals etc would have to be investigated. Looking for as many sources as possible in order to decrease the chances of bias. The primary source will be more hands on getting into sessions and getting hard evidence. First, surveys where done in a basketball session class for kids and they were asked to name male and female players of 5 sports ranging from basketball to gymnastics. An example of this is in appendix 1. ...read more.

Conclusion

As sport increasingly becomes a business, women are to be found taking up positions as commercial directors and managers, marketing executives and company secretaries. As accountants appear increasingly to define the parameters of club ambitions on the field and commercial considerations override purely sporting decisions, women may find themselves better placed to exert an influence at football grounds the length and breadth of Britain. (Morrow, 2003). Perhaps it should also be acknowledged that sport is not the only male-dominated area of employment. White and Brackenridge noted in 1985 that gender stratification was apparent throughout the labour market and the Equal Opportunities Commission has consistently found that women are under-represented in the most senior positions of influence in business, the police, the media and the judiciary, with less than 10% in each of these fields (EOC, 2005). Sport, therefore, is not a unique case. The most heartening statistics for women may come from the annual survey by the Chartered Management Institute which showed that the proportion of female managers had risen from under 2% in 1975 to 22% in 2000, and to 31% in 2004. Although this indicates that 7 out of 10 managers are male, there would seem to be acceleration in the pace of change. Further avenues of research The research that was gathered could be taken lots of different places. As the research investigation was specific a certain avenue was effective to follow tasks and objectives. Further research that could be looked into is what could be done to get more females participating in a certain sports or how you could get more females interested in sports or even how to get away from stereotypes of women who play sports. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Contemporary Studies section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Contemporary Studies essays

  1. Factors affecting participation in certain sports

    People tend to take part less in physical recreation as they get older as they often have more responsibilities and less free time to spend on sport.

  2. Barriers to participation in sport

    The next nearest gym could then be 4 busses away, making it unable for you to get there if you do not have a car or any other form of transport. Sports in leisure centres can also be too organised, too structured and too competitive for people who just want to take part for fitness levels.

  1. National study - The sporting pyramid and pathways to international level from Participation Level ...

    - 459 million invested in PESSCL. - 10 million to improve school playgrounds where needed. Schemes Schemes TOP Sport and Active Sport are schemes/programmes used by sport councils to promote sports like football to children to increase the number of people in the foundation level.

  2. A look into social exclusion, the barriers women face in terms of participation whilst ...

    There are few renowned initiatives in the UK set up to prevent these barriers from existing. With help from the Football Association (The FA), the Sport Council have such an initiative set up. Active Sports is development program which is being run for the next five years using a variety

  1. What are the Physiological differences between male and female athletes

    However, women in general have a reduced O2 carrying capacity. Another factor that may be responsible for the sex differences seen in the metabolic responses to exercise may be the greater, essential sex specific fat of women. Sparling and Cureton (1983)

  2. The Role And Development Of Women In Sport

    they were not excluded from all sporting activity, but that they were excluded from more diverse and energetic forms of physical activities. The Introduction Of Swedish Gymnastics In the middle of the 19th century a slight shift in medical opinion believed that forms of exercise were beneficial to women's health and general well being.

  1. A competent coach has many qualities and should be able to cater for the ...

    They realise that after they do all the 'boring' stuff they get a fun game at the end. I think when we got the age of about 13-14 he started to become a little bit more relaxed, as I think he knew we were starting learn a lot more about

  2. Factors Affecting Individual Performance and Participation in games.

    o Shared home responsibilities. o Encouragement. o Creches. o More free time. o Ambition. o More fashionable. o For social benefits. o Health and fitness. * Ways in which sports organisations can promote the development of sport for elite women: o Good quality coaching. o Promote women's achievements.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work